Geography for the 21 st century
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Geography for the 21 st Century. Understanding our Around the World Destinations. Dr. David J. Keeling – Department of Geography and Geology Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY The American Geographical Society. A GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE ON PEOPLES AND PLACES.

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Geography for the 21 st Century

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Geography for the 21 st century

Geography for the 21st Century

Understanding our Around the World Destinations

Dr. David J. Keeling – Department of Geography and Geology

Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY

The American Geographical Society


A geographical perspective on peoples and places

A GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE ON PEOPLES AND PLACES

  • Analysis (physical and cultural landscapes)

  • Interpretation (what are the issues?)

  • Theories, models, and best practices

    (scientific method)

  • Policy influence (how can we help?)


Reading the global landscape interpreting with a geographer s eye

READING THE GLOBAL LANDSCAPEINTERPRETING WITH A GEOGRAPHER’S EYE

LOCATIONS

PLACES

INTERACTIONS

CONNECTIONS

REGIONS


Geography is essential for understanding current international events

Geography is essential for understanding current international events..

  • Underlying forces that influence current international relationships:

  • – population growth and distribution

  • – natural resource exploitation, depletion, and degradation (disparity in “wealth of nations”)


Geography is essential for understanding current international events1

Geography is essential for understanding current international events..

  • – competition among ethnic groups – frustration and violence

  • – territorial nationalism –

    transnational terrorism

  • – globalization vs. localization

  • – democratization - effective governance


The seven revolutions

The “Seven Revolutions”

WHY GEOGRAPHY MATTERS!

  • Population Change

  • Geopolitics

  • Economic Globalization

  • Technological Shifts

  • Knowledge Development

  • Conflict Resolution

  • Resource Management

Source: Center for Strategic & International Studies http://csis.org


Plate tectonics as framework

PLATE TECTONICS AS FRAMEWORK

Long-term Forces of Change

Short-term Responses

(earthquakes and volcanic eruptions)


Geography for the 21 st century

UNDERSTANDING POPULATION CHANGE


Geography for the 21 st century

SPATIAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN POPULATION, TERRITORY, RESOURCES


Geography for the 21 st century

HOW DO POPULATION SHIFTS IMPACT POLITICAL PATTERNS?


Space time election results by population

SPACE-TIMEElection results by population

http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mejn/election/2008/


Geography for the 21 st century

SPACE-TIME

Election results by county

http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mejn/election/2008/


Geography for the 21 st century

TERRITORY = RESOURCES = POWER = TERRITORY


Geography for the 21 st century

Types of territoriality

State

(patriotism)

Ethnic

(nationalism)

Religious

(theocratism)

Racial

(apartheid)


Geography for the 21 st century

GEOPOLITICS


Geography for the 21 st century

ETHNIC CONFLICTS OVER TERRITORY AND RESOURCES


Geography for the 21 st century

Regional Stability:

Oil, Islam, and Capitalism


Geography for the 21 st century

BOUNDARY CONFLICTS


Geography for the 21 st century

POTENTIAL RESOURCE CHALLENGES


Geography for the 21 st century

WATER AVAILABILITY


Indonesian tsunami 2004

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ISSUES

INDONESIAN TSUNAMI 2004

BEFORE

AFTER


Geography for the 21 st century

THE POLITICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE


Geography for the 21 st century

Earth Observation Imperative

  • Some 30% of our economy is tied to the environment.

  • Scientific understanding and ongoing knowledge of Earth

  • systems are key for well informed economic decision.

  • Sustained and timely Earth observations are critical in

  • understanding the Earth and to support early warning

  • and more rapid decision making.

  • A global approach to Earth observation is required.

  • All countries can benefit from the Global Earth Observation System of Systems - GEOSS


Geography for the 21 st century

UNDERSTANDING

CLIMATE

North American Drought Monitor


U s high speed initiatives

U.S HIGH-SPEED INITIATIVES?

Lots of rhetoric, very little infrastructure!


Geography for the 21 st century

SOUTH AMERICA


Mega projects creating new linkages

MEGA-PROJECTS – CREATING NEW LINKAGES

DUBAI – GLOBAL TRANSPORT HUB?


Geography for the 21 st century

INTEGRATING OLD SPACES WITH NEW INFRASTRUCTURE


European union

EUROPEANUNION

Regional Development Policies


Geography for the 21 st century

Iconography – cultural symbolism


Geography for the 21 st century

ANGKOR WAT


Geography for the 21 st century

TAJ MAHAL


Geography for the 21 st century

MATURE CULTURAL LANDSCAPES


Thank you

THANK YOU!


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