Geography for the 21 st century
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Geography for the 21 st Century. Understanding our Around the World Destinations. Dr. David J. Keeling – Department of Geography and Geology Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY The American Geographical Society. A GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE ON PEOPLES AND PLACES.

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Geography for the 21 st Century

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Geography for the 21st Century

Understanding our Around the World Destinations

Dr. David J. Keeling – Department of Geography and Geology

Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY

The American Geographical Society


A GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE ON PEOPLES AND PLACES

  • Analysis (physical and cultural landscapes)

  • Interpretation (what are the issues?)

  • Theories, models, and best practices

    (scientific method)

  • Policy influence (how can we help?)


READING THE GLOBAL LANDSCAPEINTERPRETING WITH A GEOGRAPHER’S EYE

LOCATIONS

PLACES

INTERACTIONS

CONNECTIONS

REGIONS


Geography is essential for understanding current international events..

  • Underlying forces that influence current international relationships:

  • – population growth and distribution

  • – natural resource exploitation, depletion, and degradation (disparity in “wealth of nations”)


Geography is essential for understanding current international events..

  • – competition among ethnic groups – frustration and violence

  • – territorial nationalism –

    transnational terrorism

  • – globalization vs. localization

  • – democratization - effective governance


The “Seven Revolutions”

WHY GEOGRAPHY MATTERS!

  • Population Change

  • Geopolitics

  • Economic Globalization

  • Technological Shifts

  • Knowledge Development

  • Conflict Resolution

  • Resource Management

Source: Center for Strategic & International Studies http://csis.org


PLATE TECTONICS AS FRAMEWORK

Long-term Forces of Change

Short-term Responses

(earthquakes and volcanic eruptions)


UNDERSTANDING POPULATION CHANGE


SPATIAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN POPULATION, TERRITORY, RESOURCES


HOW DO POPULATION SHIFTS IMPACT POLITICAL PATTERNS?


SPACE-TIMEElection results by population

http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mejn/election/2008/


SPACE-TIME

Election results by county

http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mejn/election/2008/


TERRITORY = RESOURCES = POWER = TERRITORY


Types of territoriality

State

(patriotism)

Ethnic

(nationalism)

Religious

(theocratism)

Racial

(apartheid)


GEOPOLITICS


ETHNIC CONFLICTS OVER TERRITORY AND RESOURCES


Regional Stability:

Oil, Islam, and Capitalism


BOUNDARY CONFLICTS


POTENTIAL RESOURCE CHALLENGES


WATER AVAILABILITY


ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ISSUES

INDONESIAN TSUNAMI 2004

BEFORE

AFTER


THE POLITICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE


Earth Observation Imperative

  • Some 30% of our economy is tied to the environment.

  • Scientific understanding and ongoing knowledge of Earth

  • systems are key for well informed economic decision.

  • Sustained and timely Earth observations are critical in

  • understanding the Earth and to support early warning

  • and more rapid decision making.

  • A global approach to Earth observation is required.

  • All countries can benefit from the Global Earth Observation System of Systems - GEOSS


UNDERSTANDING

CLIMATE

North American Drought Monitor


U.S HIGH-SPEED INITIATIVES?

Lots of rhetoric, very little infrastructure!


SOUTH AMERICA


MEGA-PROJECTS – CREATING NEW LINKAGES

DUBAI – GLOBAL TRANSPORT HUB?


INTEGRATING OLD SPACES WITH NEW INFRASTRUCTURE


EUROPEANUNION

Regional Development Policies


Iconography – cultural symbolism


ANGKOR WAT


TAJ MAHAL


MATURE CULTURAL LANDSCAPES


THANK YOU!


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