Skeletal pathologies
Download
1 / 9

Skeletal Pathologies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 483 Views
  • Updated On :

Skeletal Pathologies. TERMS FOR REVIEW. Periosteum Diaphysis Epiphysis Endosteum Compact Bone Haversian systems Cancellous bones Epiphyseal cartilage Osteoblasts/osteoclasts Ossification/resorption. TRANSITIONAL VERTEBRA SPINA BIFIDA OSTEOPETROSIS OI.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Skeletal Pathologies' - delilah


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Terms for review l.jpg
TERMS FOR REVIEW

  • Periosteum

  • Diaphysis

  • Epiphysis

  • Endosteum

  • Compact Bone

  • Haversian systems

  • Cancellous bones

  • Epiphyseal cartilage

  • Osteoblasts/osteoclasts

  • Ossification/resorption


Pathologies remember rad findings and definition l.jpg

TRANSITIONAL VERTEBRA

SPINA BIFIDA

OSTEOPETROSIS

OI

CHARACTERISTICS OF BOTH DIVISIONS OF SPINE

LUMBARIZATION

SACRALIZATION

CERVICAL RIB

FAILURE OF RESORPTIVE MECHANISM (HEREDITARY)

MARBLE BONES

INHERITED

SEVERE OSTEOPOROSIS, DEFECTIVE CORTICES

PATHOLOGIESREMEMBER:RAD FINDINGS AND DEFINITION


Osteoporosis and dexa l.jpg
OSTEOPOROSIS AND DEXA

  • Refer to handout

  • Accelerated bone resorption

  • Cannot be visualized on radiograph until 50-70% of bone density is lost!

  • Radiographically: “picture frame”

  • DEXA DUAL ENERGY X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY

  • 2 beams of high and low energy

  • ST eliminated, bone mineral density (BMG)

  • T-score

  • Z-score


Ankylosing spondylitis l.jpg
Ankylosing spondylitis

  • SI Joint

  • “bamboo spine”

  • Osteoporosis, stress fracture


Arthritis rheumatoid vs osteo l.jpg

Unknown origin

Systemic, insidious

Women

Inflammation of synovial membrane

Periarticular osteoporosis

ST swelling

Solid bony ankylosis

Degenerative

Age, repetitive movement, trauma

Loss of joint space

Joint space irregularity

ARTHRITISRheumatoid VS Osteo


Slide7 l.jpg

  • Gout

  • Paget’s disease

  • Benign tumors

    • Osteochondroma, bone cyst, giant cell tumor

  • Malignant

    • Ewings,Bony metatasis


Slide8 l.jpg


Herniation of intervertebral disc l.jpg
Herniation of Intervertebral disc

  • Plain films

  • Myelogram

  • CT

  • MRI

  • SPONDYLOYSIS AND LISTHESIS


ad