The Cold War 1945-1991. What was The Cold War?. The strategic and political struggle that developed after WWII between the United States and it’s Western European allies and the Soviet Union and Eastern European allies Capitalism vs. Communism Democracy vs. Communism.
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Offered membership to all nations of the world
Enjoyed the participation of the strongest nations of the time:
China, GB , Fr, US, USSR
General Assembly had no power to enforce decisions.
Security Council actions could be stopped (veto) by any of the 5 permanent members
UN could invite countries to contribute military personnel and equipment, but had no military force of its own
Churchill, FDR, Stalin
Division of Germany and Berlin into four zones
SU promises free elections to E. Eur. nations taken during WWII
SU promises to enter war in the Pacific within three months
Final wartime conf
Atlee, Truman, Stalin
Truman pushed Stalin to allow free elections &Stalin refused
Stalin wanted to strip Ger of its industry & Br and US refused
YALTA (in the USSR)
Date: Feb 1945
Roosevelt and Stalin
Date: July 1945
Truman and Stalin
Iron Curtain –
A term used by
to describe the
lands of East
Europe from the
1.The strategic and political struggle that developed after WWII between the United States & Soviet Union and their allies
2. What event began #1?
3. Ideological division between communist and non-communist countries
4. Which post WW2 conferences caused mistrust between Stalin and Truman?
5. What organization created after WW2 had both strengths and weaknesses?
and est. them as “satellite nations”. Transferred
independence from E Europe to SU to rebuild own country
- Broken promises at Yalta
**The Cold War has ended ISOLATIONISM!!**
**In 1949 two events occurred that sent shock waves through the US govt: