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Joints. Anatomy and Physiology. Synovial Joint Structure p20. Osteoarthritis . Degeneration of articular cartilage. Bones can then grow causing bones to rub. . “So why are we trying to encourage the next generation to take part in sport if it’s so bad for us?”. WHY DO IT?.

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Presentation Transcript
joints

Joints

Anatomy and Physiology

osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis
  • Degeneration of articular cartilage.
  • Bones can then grow causing bones to rub.
why do it

“So why are we trying to encourage the next generation to take part in sport if it’s so bad for us?”

WHY DO IT?
development of knowledge page 39 of books
Development of knowledge Page 39 of books
  • Using your understanding of osteoarthritis complete the table on benefits of physical activity as well as the negative elements that may be involved in participation in physical activity linked to osteoarthritis.
stability and alignment
Stability and alignment
  • Increase in ligament strength increases stability.
  • Increase in exercise will increase surrounding muscle tone.
movement patterns
Movement patterns
  • Booklet task
joints and movements
Joints and movements.
  • Rotation
  • Pivot joint
  • Turning your head when swimming front crawl.
  • Atlas and Axis
  • Each pair has a joint that they need to describe.
  • Actions that take place at the joint
  • Type of joint/ name of the joint
  • Sporting example relating to movement.
  • Bones that are articulating (moving)
pairs
Pairs
  • Wrist
  • Elbow
  • Shoulder
  • Spine
  • Hip
  • Knee
  • Ankle
  • I’ll allocate one and then you pick another.
  • Put them on your paper and then place them on the board.
  • Make sure we can read it.
slide14

Movements have a start & finish point – identify these to help you analyse the movement occurring in a picture.

anatomical terminology1
Anatomical terminology
  • Anterior or ventral:
  • Posterior or dorsal:
  • Superior:

Inferior:

Medial:

Lateral:

Superficial

Deep

  • Toward the front of the body
  • Toward the back of the body
  • A part above another part
  • A part below another part
  • Toward the midline (median plane) of the body
  • Away from the midline of the body; toward the sides
  • Near the surface
  • Below the surface
10 mark question
10 mark Question
  • Critically evaluate the impact of physical activity and participation in lifelong physical activity on bones and joints.
plan for essay
Plan for essay
  • Look at all the points possible.
  • Note the key points
  • Make reference to physical activity as this is the subject qualifier.
  • Note the command word (evaluate) depth or both sides.
  • White boards plan as a group.
homework
Homework
  • Completion of the booklet up to muscle pairings.
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