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BANAID: A Sensor Network Test-Bed for Wormhole Attack. Hani Alzaid Suhail Abanmi Salil Kanhere Chun Tung Chou. BANAID. Overview. Background. The Wormhole Attack on WSN. BANAID. Conclusion. Sensor Networks.

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Banaid a sensor network test bed for wormhole attack

BANAID: A Sensor Network Test-Bed for Wormhole Attack

HaniAlzaid

Suhail Abanmi Salil Kanhere Chun Tung Chou

BANAID


Overview
Overview

  • Background.

  • The Wormhole Attack on WSN.

  • BANAID.

  • Conclusion.


Sensor networks
Sensor Networks

  • Distributed network of wireless nodes that monitor the environment or other systems.

  • Deployed in large numbers

  • Nodes have limited battery life

  • Nodes have low computational power

  • Nodes have small data storage

Background


Sensor networks1
Sensor Networks

Base station

A

s1

s0

Thousands of small devices with sensors communicating wirelessly

Background


Wsn application
WSN Application

  • Civil structural monitoring

  • Habitat/ecosystem monitoring

  • Environmental monitoring

  • Smart homes

  • Chemical Detection

  • Traffic/Vehicle Monitoring

  • Human Health Monitoring

  • Homeland Security

Background


QUIZ

  • What are the limited resources in WSN?

  • Energy, memory, and computation.

  • Energy, communication, and memory.

  • Computation, communication, and memory.

Background


Quiz winner is
QUIZ WINNER IS…

  • Who is it?


Overview1
Overview

  • Background.

  • The Wormhole Attack on WSN.

  • BANAID.

  • Conclusion.


Routing tree
Routing Tree

Adapted from Chris Karlof and David Wagner's WSNPA slides

Wormhole Attack


Routing
Routing

Adapted from Chris Karlof and David Wagner's WSNPA slides

Wormhole Attack


Wormhole attack
Wormhole Attack

  • Tunnel packets received in one place of the network and replay them in another place

  • The attacker can have no key material. All it requires is two transceivers and one high quality out-of-band channel

Adapted from Chris Karlof and David Wagner's WSNPA slides

Wormhole Attack


Disrupted routing
Disrupted Routing

  • Most packets will be routed to the wormhole

  • The wormhole can drop packets or more subtly, selectively forward packets to avoid detection

Adapted from Chris Karlof and David Wagner's WSNPA slides

Wormhole Attack


Overview2
Overview

  • Background.

  • The Wormhole Attack on WSN.

  • BANAID.

  • Conclusion.


Banaid
BANAID

  • BANAID is composed of:

    • 7 Mica2 sensors.

    • 2 Stargates.

  • The topology is assumed to be fixed.

  • Each sensor knows its neighbors.

BANAID


Banaid1
BANAID

  • Three programs have been written and installed:

    • TOSBase program (sensor 5, and 6).

    • Stargate program (stargate 1, and 2).

    • Simple customized AODV program (sensor 1,2,3 and 4).

BANAID


Banaid2
BANAID

  • Timing mechanism is required to detect Wormhole attack[1].

  • The average transmission delay in each sensor is ≈45 msec (Td ≈ 45msec) [2].

BANAID


Banaid3
BANAID

  • Delay on the real path:

    Ns * Td.

    3 * Td.

  • Delay on the fake path:

    Ns * Td.

    2 * Td

BANAID


Overview3
Overview

  • Background.

  • The Wormhole Attack on WSN.

  • BANAID.

  • Conclusion.


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Wormhole attack is a significant danger to routing protocols WSN.

  • BANAID implemented one of the Wormhole attack’s solutions for WSN which is Packet Leaches [1].

  • The destination is able to detect the fake packet if the difference in time stamp is < (Ns * Td) where Ns is the number of sensors/hops between source and destination in the real path.


QUIZ

  • What is the function of TOSBase?

  • Initiates Wi-Fi connection

  • Exchange packets with other Mica2

  • Forwards packets received from radio antenna to serial port and vice versa.

  • Exchange routing information.


Quiz winner is1
QUIZ WINNER IS…

  • Who is it?


References
References

[1] Hu, Y., Perrig, A., & Johnson, D.B. “Packet Leashes: A Defense against Wormhole Attacks in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks,” Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (INFOCOM 2003), vol. 3, pp. 1976-1986, IEEE, San Francisco, CA, April 2003.

[2] Paek, J., Chintalapudi, K., & Govindan, R.“A Wireless Sensor Network for Structural Health Monitoring: Performance and Experience”2005.

[3] Crossbow Technology, Inc., MPR/MIB Mote Hardware Users Manual, http://www.xbow.com/Support/Support_pdf_files/MPR-MIB_Series_Users_Manual.pdf

[4] Crossbow Technology, Inc., Stargate Developer’s Manual, http://www.xbow.com/Support/Support_pdf_files/Stargate_Manual.pdf


Thank you

Thank you

Questions?


Node hardware
Node Hardware

128KB-1MB

Limited Storage

1Kbps - 1Mbps,

3-100 Meters,

Transceiver

Memory

Embedded

Processor

8-bit, 10 MHz

Slow Computations

Sensors

Battery

Limited Lifetime

BANAID


Mica2 3
Mica2 [3]

  • Extremely popular mote

  • 8-bit Atmega128 micro-controller

  • FSK radio

  • TinyOS.

Back

BANAID


Stargate 4
Stargate [4]

  • 400 MHz processor.

  • Linux.

  • Wi-Fi compact flash card.

  • MICA2 connector.

Back

BANAID


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