18.2: Bacteria. prokaryote, chemosynthesis, binary fission, conjugation, obligate aerobe, obligate anaerobe, endospore, toxin, nitrogen fixation. Diversity of Prokaryotes. Prokaryotes: unicellular organism that do not have a nucleus or membrane-bond organelles
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prokaryote, chemosynthesis, binary fission, conjugation, obligate aerobe, obligate anaerobe, endospore, toxin, nitrogen fixation
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the organism that causes the lug disease tuberculosis.Adaptations in Bacteria
This can eventually produce a powerful and deadly poison, called a toxin, as they grow.
If food is eaten with this toxin it can cause botulism.Bacteria Adaptations: Endospores
Many foods you eat- Swiss cheese, , pickles, yogurt- would not exist without bacteria.
During respiration, different bacteria produce diverse products, many of which have distinctive flavors and aromas. So they are used in many foods for these flavors (vinegar, cheeses, sauerkraut)Importance of Bacteria