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Community organisation. C-O & Social Work. Community organization as a social work process distinct from case work, group work, Which are concerned with welfare of the individual It is directed to providing services for people with special needs. General Meaning.

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Community organisation

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Community organisation

Community organisation


C o social work

C-O & Social Work

  • Community organization as a social work process distinct from case work, group work,

  • Which are concerned with welfare of the individual

  • It is directed to providing services for people with special needs


General meaning

General Meaning

  • C-O is a process in which efforts are directed towards meeting the community needs and developing integration within the community

  • C-O is one of the social work method, which guide us to organize various social related programme in a systematic way, based on the needs of the community.


Definitions

Definitions

  • Authors*

    1. Lindemen – 1921

    2. Pattit – 1925

    3. Lane – 1939

    4. Sanderson & Polson – 1939

    5. Mcmillan – 1947

    6. Dunham – 1948

    7. Ross – 1955

    8. Sider – 1959

    9. Kramer - 1969

* Social work philosophy & methods – P.D.Mishra


Lindeman 1921

Lindeman - 1921

  • Community organization is that phase of social organization which constitutes a conscious effort on the part of a community

    - to control its affairs democratically

    - to secure the highest services from its specialist, organizations, agencies and

    - institutions by means of recognized inter relations


Pattit 1925

Pattit - 1925

  • The term “ Community organization is best defined as assisting a group of people to recognize their common needs and helping them to meet these needs


Objectives

Objectives

  • McNeil – has mentioned the following objectives.

    - analyzing resource – services available to meet the needs.

    - gaining facts about human needs

    - bringing into participation in all phases of the process.

    - stimulating citizen interest in social problems and creating motivation for action through participation and education.

    - determining priorities

    - developing and improving standards of service

    - identification of gaps of services.


Principles

Principles

  • Johns & demarche has narrated the following principles;

    - community organization is a means not an end

    - individuals and groups are different

    - communities like individuals have the right to self determination

    - social needs is the base for organization

    - self interest should be the first consideration in determining programme

    - coordination is the process of growth

    - C-O structure should be kept as simple as possible

    - services should be distributed equitably

    - Diversity in programme approach should be respectd

    - Broad representation in inter-agency bodies

    - balance between centralised and decentralised

    - barriers to communication must be broken down

    - communities need professional help


Principles1

Principles

  • Principles of Self determination

  • Principles of social needs

  • Principles of self interest

  • Principles of coordination

  • Principles of C-O structure


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