Community organisation. C-O & Social Work. Community organization as a social work process distinct from case work, group work, Which are concerned with welfare of the individual It is directed to providing services for people with special needs. General Meaning.
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1. Lindemen – 1921
2. Pattit – 1925
3. Lane – 1939
4. Sanderson & Polson – 1939
5. Mcmillan – 1947
6. Dunham – 1948
7. Ross – 1955
8. Sider – 1959
9. Kramer - 1969
* Social work philosophy & methods – P.D.Mishra
- to control its affairs democratically
- to secure the highest services from its specialist, organizations, agencies and
- institutions by means of recognized inter relations
- analyzing resource – services available to meet the needs.
- gaining facts about human needs
- bringing into participation in all phases of the process.
- stimulating citizen interest in social problems and creating motivation for action through participation and education.
- determining priorities
- developing and improving standards of service
- identification of gaps of services.
- community organization is a means not an end
- individuals and groups are different
- communities like individuals have the right to self determination
- social needs is the base for organization
- self interest should be the first consideration in determining programme
- coordination is the process of growth
- C-O structure should be kept as simple as possible
- services should be distributed equitably
- Diversity in programme approach should be respectd
- Broad representation in inter-agency bodies
- balance between centralised and decentralised
- barriers to communication must be broken down
- communities need professional help