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Writing Curriculum: Descriptive Writing Workshop. Charleston Middle School August 16, 2010. Denise E. Reid Eastern Illinois University [email protected] Introductions. Reintroduce yourselves after the summer break. Briefly share the most interesting experience you had this summer.

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writing curriculum descriptive writing workshop

Writing Curriculum: Descriptive Writing Workshop

Charleston Middle SchoolAugust 16, 2010

Denise E. ReidEastern Illinois [email protected]

introductions
Introductions

Reintroduce yourselves after the summer break.

Briefly share the most interesting experience you had this summer.

the writer s notebook
The Writer’s Notebook

A writer’s notebook gives you a place to write down what makes you angry or sad or amazed, to write down what you noticed and don’t want to forget. A writer’s notebook gives you a place to live like a writer. (Ralph Fletcher, 2003)

A writer’s notebook should include: descriptions of experiences, lists, details, stories, wonderings, notes, wonderful words, mind pictures, drawings, quick writes, etc.

A writer’s notebook should be on hand during writing block.

“Words and language are a way of trying out and understanding something.” (Harlen, 2001)

getting started
Getting Started
  • Leave first 2-3 pages blank for a Table of Contents.
  • Number and date the pages as you add items to your writer’s notebook.
  • What type of notebook will you use?
  • What will you use as an initial introduction to the writer’s notebook?
quick write
Quick Write

What concerns do you have about writing instruction?

What do you do at the beginning of the school year to get to know your students and to help them get to know and understand each other?

my writing territories
My Writing Territories
  • In your writer’s notebook label the next page “My Writing Territories”
  • Include three sections: ideas, audience, genres
  • Work on your writing territories for the next five to ten minutes.

(Nancie Atwell, 1998)

topic selection
Topic Selection
  • Think of things you have done.
  • Think of things that could happen.
  • Think of things that you want to do.
  • Think of places you have been.
  • Think of things you want to know more about.
  • Write about something that you know how to do.
  • What problems need solving in your life (the world)?
  • Who might have solutions?
  • What’s a kind of writing that you would like to try?
minilessons
Minilessons

A minilesson is …

  • a forum for sharing the things that will help writers grow and deepen their understanding of good writing.
  • an avenue to provide students with a repertoire of strategies
  • a forum for students to share what they know.
  • the forum for bringing your class together as a community.
  • an interactive time between teacher and students.
  • based on students’ needs.
  • a short lesson (5-10 minutes).
using my writing territories as a minilesson
Using “My Writing Territories” as a Minilesson

Post your “Writing Territories” to share with your students.

Give a brief explanation of several of the items included on your writing territories list to model your thinking.

“Now it’s your turn to create a list of your territories.”

Share your ideas with a partner.

descriptive writing unit activity 1 sensory activity
Descriptive Writing Unit Activity # 1: Sensory Activity

Select one of the ideas from your list.

Use your five senses to explore the idea.

What do you see?

What smells and tastes surround the event?

What textures can you feel?

What sounds do you hear?

Use this brainstorming activity to write about the event.

descriptive writing unit activity 2 character description
Descriptive Writing Unit Activity # 2: Character Description

This a guided writing activity. Help your students learn the art of visualizing as you walk them through several practices. This activity works well with character and setting development.

  • Brainstorm a list of colorful characters with personality. Ex. world’s most perfect teenager, cowboy, pirate, vampire, clown, astronaut, bully, brownnoser, etc.
  • Choose one of these characters from your list. Close your eyes. Picture the character standing still.
  • Jot down descriptions as I walk you through this activity.
  • Do several of these over the next couple of weeks.
character description continued
Character Description continued:

Visualize your character standing still-begin at the feet-what type of shoe is he/she wearing-how would you describe the shoe? -move up to the ankle—do you see socks, a cuff, slender bones, etc.-glance at the hip area—is he/she wearing slacks, shorts, anything in the pockets, or hanging from the pockets-what do you notice about the waist area—thin, thick, belted, shirt hanging out-what do you notice about the arms and hands—what do the fingernails look like? Is he/she holding anything?-how would you describe the clothing?-check out his/her posture.-what type of hairstyle does this character have? color—length—hat-look at the face—what do you notice about the expression (brows, lips, eyes)

characterwriting drawing activity
CharacterWriting-Drawing Activity
  • Picture your character doing something.
  • Use your character visualization to describe the character as he/she is engaged in this activity. You do not need to use every part of your visualization.
  • Draw a picture to accompany your writing.
using metaphors similes
Using Metaphors/Similes

Crazy like a Fox: A Simile Story by Loreen Leedy

My Dog is as Smelly as Dirty Socks: And Other Funny Family Portraits by Hanock Piven

Muddy as a Duck Puddle: And Other American Similes by Laurie Lawlor & Ethen Long

There’s a Frog in My Throat: 440 Animal Sayings a Little Bird Told Me by Loreen Leedy & Pat Street

descriptive writing unit activity 3 your simile story
Descriptive Writing Unit Activity # 3: Your Simile Story
  • Make a list of similes that you know.
  • OR create your own similes.
    • As slimy as …
    • As useless as …
    • Messy like …
    • Silly like …
    • As soft as …
  • Select your favorites.
  • Can you fit them together to tell a story.

http://www.loreenleedy.com/books/crazyfox.html

using similes and metaphors character description revised
Using Similes and Metaphors: Character Description Revised
  • Reread your character descriptive piece.
  • Improve your writing using figurative language such as similes or metaphors to make comparisons
      • It feels like …
      • It looks like …
      • It tastes like …
      • It sounds like …
      • It smells like …
      • It reminds me of …
descriptive writing unit activity 4 color poem
Descriptive Writing UnitActivity # 4: Color Poem
  • Think of a color.
  • Brainstorm as many ideas as you can think of related to that color.
  • Organize the ideas into a poem.
  • Share your poem with a peer.

Hailstones and Halibut Bones by Mary O’Neill

Illustrated by Leonard Weisgard

brown
Brown?

It sounds so ordinary!

Artists use many shades of brown:Brown – (“Tuppeny” the Guinea pig – Fuzzy)Sepia – (Forest floor silent and damp)bittersweet (bitter sweet! crackly)Mahogany (cello – Deep and gleaming)Raw Umber (“Charley” Furry, tangly)Burnt Umber (pine tree bark)Burnt Sienna (hamburgers on the grill)Burnt Orange (“Baron” – silkey, shiney and flaming)Tan (Saddle Leather – smells good)

Find them all if you can.

descriptive writing unit activity 5 descriptive parts of speech
Descriptive Writing UnitActivity # 5: Descriptive Parts of Speech

Avoid using things and ways!

Look at your character description.

Are your nouns and verbs descriptive or specific?

There are many words or phrases that can be used to describe an object.

Chicken Cheeks by Michael Ian Black & Kevin Hawkes

Use a dictionary or thesaurus.

descriptive writing unit activity 6 real author s words
Descriptive Writing UnitActivity # 6: Real Author’s Words
  • Locate descriptive language used by authors.
  • Record ideas in your writer’s notebook.
  • Share with others.
descriptive writing unit activity 6 punctuation
Descriptive Writing UnitActivity # 6: Punctuation

Dear John letter …

Eats, Shoots & Leaves: Why, Commas Really Do Make a Difference! By Lynne Truss and Bonnie Timmons

Refer back to your character description. Have you used commas and other punctuation marks effectively?

essential components of writing block
Essential Components of Writing Block
  • Minilessons
  • Independent reading/writing
  • Conferencing
  • Sharing
essential characteristics of writing block
Essential Characteristics of Writing Block
  • Choices about content (choices within the required assignment)
  • Time for writing
  • Teaching
  • Talking
  • High expectations and safety (know your students)
  • Structured management (record keeping & classroom organization)
  • Publication rituals
independent writing
Independent Writing
  • Sustained independent writing.
  • Brainstorm a list of topics.
  • Reread current writing piece.
  • Write on current piece.
  • Revise writing piece.
  • Proofread piece of writing and edit.
  • Look through drafts of old pieces of writing.
  • Research a topic.
  • Copy or type a final draft.
  • Make illustration for a final draft.
  • Write in writer’s notebook.
where do you get ideas for minilessons
Where do you get ideas for minilessons?
  • Student work
  • Conferences with students
  • Teacher observations
  • Real authors
  • Curriculum and Standards
types of writing minilessons
Types of writing minilessons

Minilessons include …

  • procedures for writers’ workshop.
  • sharing information about literary craft.
  • about “what authors do” using real examples
  • information about different genres.
  • about conventions of writing.
conferences
Conferences …
  • should be natural.
  • require good listening.
  • require honest reactions.
  • require modeling.
  • require guiding.
writing conferences
Writing Conferences

“If you can keep only one thing in mind, and I fail at this half the time, it is that we are teaching the writer and not the writing. If the piece of writing gets better, but the writer has learned nothing that will help him or her another day on another piece, then the conference was a waste of everyone’s time. It may have done more harm than good, for such conferences teach students to be dependent on us.” Lucy McCormick Calkins

types of conferences
Types of Conferences
  • Teacher-Student Conference

-Content/Form/Process/Evaluation

  • Group Conferences

-Members of the group provide the author of the piece as to how they were effected by the piece

  • Peer Conferences

-Ask the author questions about the piece of writing. Ask author to clarify ideas.

  • Self Conferences

-Goal: Become an independent reflective writer.

teacher conferences
Teacher Conferences

CONTENT: Questions extend and develop the writing adding details.

FORM: Questions encourage experimentation with the design, genre, sequence, or emphasis.

PROCESS: Questions focus on the writer about how the writer writes.

EVALUATION: Questions analyze strengths and weaknesses of the writing.

asking questions about writing
Asking Questions about Writing

“It is easy to list questions in a book and harder to ask them in real classrooms. The questions put the spotlight on the writer, and too often as teachers we hesitate to give away control. We look at a student’s rough draft and have the urge to take it over, to make it match our expressions.”

Lucy McCormick Calkins

response types for group peer conferences
Response Types for Group & Peer Conferences
  • Pointing: Providing positive, specific feedback

-What part jumps out at you?

-What parts do you like?

-Could you picture any parts in your mind?

  • Questioning

-Ask questions always using “I”.

-Was there a place where you had just a sketchy mental picture

and wanted more?

Peers never evaluate a piece of writing, but give the writers “feedback”.

peer conference framework writing workshop
Peer Conference Framework-Writing Workshop
  • The writer reads out loud.
  • Listeners focus on the content.
  • Listeners ask questions to learn more.
  • The writer teaches the listener about the subject.
  • The writer makes decisions about what to do next.
sharing writing workshop
Sharing—Writing Workshop
  • The author’s chair (when published)
  • Share with group of peers.
  • Publish a newsletter.
  • Publish in real magazines or journals.
  • Publish online.
  • Share with elementary school aged partners.
  • Post on bulletin board.
  • Create class anthology.
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