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Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e. Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst. Dr.Oz. Stress soothers Oz Cab Stress and Weight Gain Stress Proof Your Body in 5 Steps De-Stress Plan One minute to better health (wellness challenge). Biopsychological Domain.

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thinking about psychology the science of mind and behavior 2e

Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e

Charles T. Blair-Broeker

Randal M. Ernst

dr oz
Dr.Oz
  • Stress soothers
  • Oz Cab
  • Stress and Weight Gain
  • Stress Proof Your Body in 5 Steps
  • De-Stress Plan
  • One minute to better health (wellness challenge).
stress

Stress

Module 12: Effects of Stress

teens stress
Teens & Stress
  • In your group, list the three most stressful things teens deal with daily.
  • List some explanations as to why these things happen and why they are stressful.
optimism pessimism
Optimism & Pessimism
  • Were your suggestions for “why these things happen” and why they are stressful (the attributions) optimistic or pessimistic?
  • Optimistic thinking empowers people to seek ways to change stressful situations and pessimistic thinking sees no way out of a stressful circumstance.
stress1
Stress
  • The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
  • Is a process of perceiving and responding
  • The response is called a stress reaction.
stress2
Stress
  • Play “Emotions, Stress and Health” and “Stress: Locus of Control”
  • http://www.learner.org/resources/series142.html
  • Dr.Oz (stress and meditation)
  • http://www.doctoroz.com/press
health psychology
Health Psychology
  • A subfield of psychology that focuses on how stress affects our well being and health
stress responding to stress

Stress:Responding to Stress

Module 12: Effects of Stress

hans selye 1907 1982 sell yay
Hans Selye (1907-1982)Sell-yay
  • Psychologist who researched recurring responses to stress the he called the general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
  • Discovered various chemicals caused stress reactions in animals
general adaptation syndrome
General Adaptation Syndrome
  • Sylye’s concept of the body’s adaptive response to stress in three stages
    • Alarm
    • Resistance
    • Exhaustion
general adaptation syndrome1
General Adaptation Syndrome
  • Alarm Reaction – nervous system activated in response to stressor
  • Resistance – body responds with physiological reactions to cope with the stressor
  • Exhaustion – body’s resistance to stress is depleted (physical deterioration)
slide22
Watch “Worried Sick” Scientific American Frontiers
  • http://www.pbs.org/saf/1310/video/watchonline.htm
stress stressful events

Stress:Stressful Events

Module 12: Effects of Stress

daily stress
Daily Stress
  • Stress can be caused by:
    • Typical demands of the day
    • Living situations
    • Economic difficulties
burnout
Burnout
  • Physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job-related stress
  • Burnout can result in:
    • Depression
    • Decreased performance
    • Cynicism
significant life changes
Significant Life Changes
  • Stress can be the result of personal life changes
    • Death of a loved one (risk of dying in the week after your spouse dies doubles!)
    • Leaving home for college
  • Can result in health problems
catastrophes
Catastrophes
  • Large scale stress events (i.e. earthquakes, floods, war, etc.)
  • Prolonged exposure can lead to physical and psychological problems.
  • 44% of Katrina-related deaths in Alabama were related to stress.
effects of perceived control

Effects of Perceived Control

Module 12: Effects of Stress

perceived control
Perceived Control
  • The sense of control or influence one has over stressful events in one’s life
  • Most studies suggest the lower the perceived control the larger the potential for health-related problems
  • Lower perceived control leads to a lowered immunity to disease.
control and stress
Control and Stress
  • Play “Coping with Stress: Control and Predictability” (2:49) Module #22 from The Brain: Teaching Modules (2nd edition).
optimism
Optimism
  • A generally positive outlook on the future
  • Optimists have stronger immune systems and recover faster from health problems.
  • Opposite of pessimism
stress hormones
Stress Hormones
  • Hormones released in response to stress
  • The body must work to rid the body of the stress hormones.
  • Pessimism and perceived lack of control both produce more stress hormones.
stress and disease cancer and stress

Stress and Disease:Cancer and Stress

Module 12: Effects of Stress

stress cancer connection
Stress-Cancer Connection
  • Evidence for a connection is not conclusive.
  • Two conclusions:
    • Stress does not create cancer cells.
    • Stress affects the body’s malignancy- fighting ability.
cognition and cancer
Cognition and Cancer
  • Play “Cognition and the Immune System: Mind/Body Interaction” (10:20) Segment #4 from The Mind: Psychology Teaching Modules (2nd edition).
type a
Type A
  • Term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone.
  • More prone to heart attacks and other stress related illnesses.
type b
Type B
  • Individuals who are easygoing, relaxed people
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