Unit 4 The 1920’s and The Great Depression 1919-1950. 1. The Fordney-McCumber Tariff in 1922 affects other countries. High tax on imports made it impossible for Britain & France to sell their goods in the U.S.
1. The Fordney-McCumber Tariff in 1922 affects other countries. High tax on imports made it impossible for Britain & France to sell their goods in the U.S.
2. Economic problems hidden by the business boom of the1920s. Consumer debt, installment plans, low interest rates
4. Farmers lost their land, incomes failed in the 1920s
5. Danger of buying stocks on margin
6. Black Tuesday-Oct. 29, 1929
7. Banks failed after the stock market crashed, people panicked
9. People in the cities and in rural areas suffered during the Great Depression-lost homes, jobs, bread lines, drought in the Great Plains
10. The Great Depression affected families,-economic strain
11. Actions Hoover took to improve the economy
12. Three goals of the New Deal-relief, recovery, reform
13. New Deal programs provide help to different groups of Americans
14. Conservatives criticized the New Deal
3. Voting Rights- 19th Amendment: Women got the right to vote
1. What was the quota system? Limited # of immigrants- Emergency Quota Act of 1921, 1924 quota limits
5. Political – Pres power & change in politics during time period
1. 18th Amendment – Ban on alcohol, 1920 2.
21st Amendment – Repeal of Prohibition, 1933
1. What does the Teapot Dome scandal tell about President Harding? His administration included corrupt men-poor judgment.
6. Change in how America is
1. Attitudes prevalent in America after WW1- Nativism & Isolationism
2. Fear of communism- Sacco & Vanzetti case, General Mitchell Palmer rounding up communists and anarchists
4. Automobile changed American life- roads, new businesses rural families less isolated, independence
5. Advertising changes American life by using Psychology
6. Prohibition affects the nation. Disrespect for the law, rise to organized crime
7. Fundamentalist beliefs lead to the Scopes trial.
8. The flapper represent the spirit of the twenties
10. Charles A. Lindbergh becomes an American idol
12. The NAACP (peaceful protests against lynching) and Marcus Garvey’s (separate society) response to racial discrimination
13. The NAACP is the National Association for the Advancement of Colored people.
14. Contributions of artists of the Harlem Renaissance.
15. The New Deal expanded and limited opportunities for women.
16. African Americans make gains during the New Deal
17. Mexican Americans and Native Americans and the New Deal. Native Americans benefited from laws that strengthened their land claims.
18. The New Deal coalition was a group of voters, including Southerners, urban people, urban people, African Americans * union members who supported the New Deal.
19. Movies and radio were popular during the Depression, because they were inexpensive and an escape from the problems of Depression life.
20. The Federal Arts Project (FAP) & the Federal Writers Project (FWP) are two New Deal programs that supported the arts.
21. Liberals and conservatives criticize the New Deal
22. One of the most important and continuing benefits of the New Deal is the Social Security system.
7. Migration patterns/geography because they were
1. The Great Migration- Harlem Renaissance-Between 1910 and 1920 African Americans moving from the South to the big cities of the North