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Narrative Theory. Technical Code. Anything technical which goes into the narrative process (e.g. used to make representations etc.): Sound Camera Design Editing . Verbal Code. How language is used – both written and spoken – to convey the story? . Symbolic Code.

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Technical code
Technical Code

  • Anything technical which goes into the narrative process (e.g. used to make representations etc.):

    Sound

    Camera

    Design

    Editing


Verbal code
Verbal Code

  • How language is used – both written and spoken – to convey the story?


Symbolic code
Symbolic Code

  • What do props and other aspects of mise-en-scene symbolise about the characters and their motivations etc?


Barthes enigma code
Barthes’ Enigma Code

  • What questions are raised in the minds of the audience to keep their interest?


Structure
Structure

  • Beginning / middle /end.

    Todorov ‘s 3 part structure:

    Equilibrium

    Disequilibrium

    New Equilibrium

    NB – A film opening is likely to have unresolved narratives – left at disequilibrium stage - (see Barthes Enigma code)


Character
Character

  • Propp’s Characters

    • Protagonist (or hero)

    • Antagonist (or villain)

    • Heroine (or Princess – love interest)

    • Father (authority figure)

    • Helper (or sidekick)

    • Donor (gives the protagonist something to help them in their quest.)

    • Mentor (teacher or guide)


Narrative conflict
Narrative Conflict

  • Claude Levi Strauss and Binary Oppositions

  • Drama comes from conflict of oppositions:

    Good v. Evil

    Love v. Hate

    Young v. Old

    Male v. Female

    Weak v. Strong

    Gentle v. Fierce


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