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Narrative Theory. Technical Code. Anything technical which goes into the narrative process (e.g. used to make representations etc.): Sound Camera Design Editing . Verbal Code. How language is used – both written and spoken – to convey the story? . Symbolic Code.

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technical code
Technical Code
  • Anything technical which goes into the narrative process (e.g. used to make representations etc.):

Sound

Camera

Design

Editing

verbal code
Verbal Code
  • How language is used – both written and spoken – to convey the story?
symbolic code
Symbolic Code
  • What do props and other aspects of mise-en-scene symbolise about the characters and their motivations etc?
barthes enigma code
Barthes’ Enigma Code
  • What questions are raised in the minds of the audience to keep their interest?
structure
Structure
  • Beginning / middle /end.

Todorov ‘s 3 part structure:

Equilibrium

Disequilibrium

New Equilibrium

NB – A film opening is likely to have unresolved narratives – left at disequilibrium stage - (see Barthes Enigma code)

character
Character
  • Propp’s Characters
    • Protagonist (or hero)
    • Antagonist (or villain)
    • Heroine (or Princess – love interest)
    • Father (authority figure)
    • Helper (or sidekick)
    • Donor (gives the protagonist something to help them in their quest.)
    • Mentor (teacher or guide)
narrative conflict
Narrative Conflict
  • Claude Levi Strauss and Binary Oppositions
  • Drama comes from conflict of oppositions:

Good v. Evil

Love v. Hate

Young v. Old

Male v. Female

Weak v. Strong

Gentle v. Fierce

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