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Medical Assistant Skills - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 20. Medical Assistant Skills. Career Highlights. Medical assistants are valuable members of the health care team Education requirements Certified or registered Administrative versus clinical choices Required skills. 20:1 Measuring/Recording Height and Weight.

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chapter 20

Chapter 20

Medical Assistant Skills

career highlights
Career Highlights
  • Medical assistants are valuable members of the health care team
  • Education requirements
  • Certified or registered
  • Administrative versus clinical choices
  • Required skills
20 1 measuring recording height and weight
20:1 Measuring/RecordingHeight and Weight
  • Use: to determine if a patient is overweight or underweight
  • Must be accurate
  • When and why measurements are required
  • Daily weights
  • Observe safety factors

(continues)

measuring recording height and weight continued
Measuring/Recording Height and Weight (continued)
  • Wide variety of scales
  • Recording weight
  • Adult weight scales
  • Infant weight scales
  • Recording height
  • Height bar on adult scale

(continues)

measuring recording height and weight continued1
Measuring/Recording Height and Weight (continued)
  • Basic procedure for infant weight
  • Basic procedure for measuring height of infant
  • Measuring infant head circumference
  • Measuring infant chest circumference
  • Recording growth graph
20 2 positioning a patient
20:2 Positioning a Patient
  • Patient must be positioned correctly for variety of examinations, tests, and procedures
  • Wide variety of positions used
  • Patient may be on a bed, examination table, surgical table, diagnostic table, or treatment table

(continues)

positioning a patient continued
Positioning a Patient(continued)
  • Reassure patient
  • Horizontal recumbent or supine position
  • Prone position
  • Sims’ or left lateral position
  • Knee-chest position
  • Fowler’s positions

(continues)

positioning a patient continued1
Positioning a Patient(continued)
  • Lithotomy position
  • Dorsal recumbent position
  • Trendelenburg position
  • Jackknife (proctologic) position
  • Basic principles and procedures for positioning patients
20 3 screening for vision problems
20:3 Screening for Vision Problems
  • Vision screening tests
  • Types of Snellen charts
  • Interpretation of readings on Snellen chart
  • Snellen chart tests only for defects in distant vision
  • Nearsightedness or myopia

(continues)

screening for vision problems continued
Screening for Vision Problems(continued)
  • Test for color blindness
  • Terms or abbreviations
  • Basic principles and procedure for screening vision with Snellen chart
  • Procedure for screening vision by the Jaeger system
20 4 assisting with physical examinations
20:4 Assisting withPhysical Examinations
  • Large variety of physical examinations are performed
  • Major types of examinations
  • Techniques used during the examination
  • Equipment used for examination
  • Preparation of the patient

(continues)

assisting with physical exams continued
Assisting with Physical Exams(continued)
  • Tests done prior to physical examinations
  • Be prepared to assist as needed
  • Observe standard precautions

(continues)

assisting with physical exams continued1
Assisting with Physical Exams(continued)
  • Basic principles for eye, ear, nose, and throat (EENT) examination
  • Guidelines for assisting with a gynecological examination
  • Procedure for assisting with a general physical examination
20 5 assisting with minor surgery and suture removal
20:5 Assisting with Minor Surgeryand Suture Removal
  • Done in medical, surgical, and other health care facilities
  • Various types of procedures done
  • Instruments and equipment
  • Strict sterile technique used to prepare surgical tray

(continues)

assisting with minor surgery and suture removal continued
Assisting with Minor Surgeryand Suture Removal(continued)
  • Skin prep
  • Local anesthetic
  • Will be expected to assist as needed
  • Sterile dressings available to use
  • Suture removal
  • Patients often fearful and apprehensive

(continues)

assisting with minor surgery and suture removal continued1
Assisting with Minor Surgeryand Suture Removal(continued)
  • Specimens
  • Observe standard precautions
  • Basic principles of assisting with minor surgery
  • Basic guidelines for assisting with suture removal
20 6 recording and mounting an electrocardiogram
20:6 Recording and Mountingan Electrocardiogram
  • Electrical conduction pattern in the heart
  • Waves and what they show
  • Twelve-lead electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Electrodes
  • Lead markings

(continues)

recording and mounting an electrocardiogram continued
Recording and Mountingan Electrocardiogram(continued)
  • Basic parts of ECG machine
  • PQRST pattern
  • Reassure patient
  • Mounting ECG leads
  • Basic principles for recording and mounting an ECG
20 7 using the physicians desk reference pdr
20:7 Using the Physicians’Desk Reference (PDR)
  • Provides information about drugs and medications currently in use
  • Published yearly—periodic supplements
  • Consists of six main sections

(continues)

using the pdr continued
Using the PDR(continued)
  • Manufacturers’ index
  • Brand and generic names
  • Product classification
  • Product identification guide
  • Product information
  • Diagnostic product information
20 8 working with math and medications
20:8 Working with Mathand Medications
  • Medication: a drug used to treat or prevent a disease or condition
  • Extreme care is required while handling any medication
  • Only authorized persons can administer medications
  • Check legal requirements in your state

(continues)

working with math and medications continued
Working with Math and Medications(continued)
  • Forms of medications
  • Routes of administration
  • Safety rules to observe when working with medications
  • Report all mistakes immediately
  • Concentrate while handling any medication and avoid distractions

(continues)

working with math and medications continued1
Working with Math and Medications(continued)
  • Six rights to observe when giving medications
    • Right medication
    • Right dose or amount
    • Right patient
    • Right time
    • Right method or route of administration
    • Right documentation
roman numerals
Roman Numerals
  • Used for some drugs and solutions, and used at times while ordering supplies
  • Key symbols: I, V, X, L, C, D, M
  • Any number can be formed
  • Rules of using Roman numerals
converting metric measurements
Converting Metric Measurements
  • Metric system used in many health care fields
  • Basic units: gram, liter, meter
  • Based on unit of tens
  • Rules of converting metric measurements
household or english system of measurement
Household or EnglishSystem of Measurement
  • Common system used in the United States
  • Many different units of measurement
  • Conversion of household to metric
  • Conversion of metric to household
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