Japan’s Priorities for NRETs 2003-2004. 21 st Meeting of the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies October 13-15, 2003 Shanghai, PRC. Mr. Yoshihiro ITOH Chief Officer International Projects Dept.
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21st Meeting of the
Expert Group on
New and Renewable Energy Technologies
October 13-15, 2003
Mr. Yoshihiro ITOH
International Projects Dept.
New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO)
1. Japan’s New and Renewable Energy Targets
2. Policies for Development and Introduction of NRETs
3. RPS-Background, Outline, Explanation
4. ‘Biomass Nippon Strategy’
5. NEDO’s Role in Japan’s New Energy Scheme
6. Measures to Overcome Grid-Connection Obstacles
FY 2010 Target on New Energy Introduction (Revised)
1,000 x kl
1,000 x kl
Black Liquor, Waste Wood, etc.
Unused Energy(Including Cooling by Snow & Ice)
New Energy Total
(Ratio of total primary energy supply)
Total primary energy supply (in million kl)
about 602 Mkl
Budget (in 100 million \)
(in million US$)
※US$1 ＝ \125
Ⅲ. Introduction Promotion (full utilization of market mechanism)
- Certain effectiveness of new measure
- Wide choice of sources for electric power company
- Incentive for cost reduction
- Maintenance of free competition in the energy market
- Effect of financial burden on government, etc.
Necessity of studying the introduction of a new system adapted for Japan.
Japanese government decided to introduce a new measure making use of the market mechanism -Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS)-.
Establishment of the Law Concerningthe Use of New Energy by Electric Utilities (June 2002)
3-2. System Outline--Law Concerning the Use of New Energy by Electric Utilities
Accreditation of facilities for
New Energy power generation
Requiring use of a certain amount
of electricity by New Energy
Electricity Retailer (A)
Electricity Retailer (B)
New Energy Generator
by New Energy
Small/Medium Hydro (to 1 MW)
The target for 2010 is 12.2 TWh,
which would comprise 1.35% of national electric supply.
The national government obliges each electric power company to use a certain amount of electricity arising from New Energy, according to its sales of electricity.
An electric power company can select the most advantageous way among the following to carry out its obligation;
a) generating by oneself
b) purchasing from others
c) causing other electric company to subrogate the obligation
The national government verifies electric power companies’ use of electricity arising from New Energy each fiscal year.
1. Prevention of Global Warming--carbon-neutral energy source; mitigate CO2 emissions--
2. Creation of a ‘Recycling-Oriented Society’--more effective use of finite resources--
3. Fostering of New and Competitive Strategic Industries--trailblazing business model to revive industrial competitiveness--
4. Activation of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishery Industries and the Associated Rural Communities--effective use of abundant biomass in farm villages--
(based on regional factors)
1) Evolutionary Direction
ca. 2010—Unused Biomass
ca. 2020—Energy Crops
ca. 2050—New Crops
2) Developmental Direction
Construction of a Biomass Refinery
Cascaded Utilization of Biomass
Specific goals to be established, e.g. energy conversion efficiency, cost target of process equipment/systems, clear target level of biomass utilization….
Demonstrative Research on Combined Power Generation Systems (PV + Biogas)
PV 50kW; Biogas 60kW
Demonstrative Research on High-Efficiency PV Power Generation Systems
Medium-Voltage Power Line
Beijing City, PRC
Total Power Generation: 180kW
Demonstrative Research on Combined Power Generation Systems (PV + Wind + Advanced Battery)
PV Power Generation: 100kW
Wind Power Generation: 100kW
Gansu Prov., PRC
Demonstrative Research on Combined Power Generation Systems (Water-cooled PV + DG + Advanced Battery)
Xinjiang Prov., PRC
PV Power Generation: 60kW
DG Power Generation: 100kW