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Latin and Greek. Prefixes, Suffixes, and Roots. UNIT. I. PREFIX. d e-. a way d own remove, reduce Ex. defrost, debug, deflate. PREFIX. re-. again back, backward Ex. react, recognize, return. SUFFIX. - tion. state of q uality of Ex. action, direction, irritation. UNIT.

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Latin and greek

Latin and Greek

Prefixes,

Suffixes,

and Roots


Latin and greek

UNIT

I


Latin and greek

PREFIX

de-

  • away

  • down

  • remove, reduce

  • Ex. defrost, debug, deflate


Latin and greek

PREFIX

re-

  • again

  • back, backward

  • Ex. react, recognize, return


Latin and greek

SUFFIX

-tion

  • state of

  • quality of

  • Ex. action, direction, irritation


Latin and greek

UNIT

II


Latin and greek

PREFIX

dis-

  • not

  • opposite of

  • Ex. disagree, disinterested, disable


Latin and greek

PREFIX

un-

  • not

  • to reverse an action

  • Ex. unkind, unceasing, undo


Anthrop

ROOT

anthrop

  • human

  • man

  • Ex. anthropology, philanthropic,

    misanthrope


Latin and greek

UNIT

III


Latin and greek

PREFIX

anti-

  • against

  • Ex. antibiotic, anti-smoking,

    anticlimactic


Latin and greek

ROOT

aqua

  • water

  • Ex. aquatic, aquarium, aqueduct


Latin and greek

ROOT

auto

  • self

  • Ex. automobile, autobiography,

    autograph


Latin and greek

UNIT

IV


Astro

ROOT

astro

  • star; outer space

  • Ex. astronaut, astronomy, asteroid


Latin and greek

ROOT

bi

  • two

  • Ex. bicycle, biped, biplane


Biblio

ROOT

biblio

  • book

  • Ex. bibliophile, bibliography, Bible


Latin and greek

UNIT

V


Latin and greek

ROOT

bio

  • life

  • Ex. biology, biography, biome


Cardio

ROOT

cardio

  • heart

  • Ex. cardiology, cardiogram,

    cardiovascular


Latin and greek

ROOT

carn

  • flesh

  • Ex. carnivore, reincarnate, incarnate


Latin and greek

UNIT

VI


Circu

ROOT

circu

  • around

  • Ex. circuitous, circus, circumference


Chron

ROOT

chron

  • time

  • Ex. chronological, synchronize, chronical


Latin and greek

ROOT

cogn

  • knowledge

  • Ex. cognitive, recognize, incognito


Latin and greek

UNIT

VII


Contra

PREFIX

contra-

  • against

  • Ex. contrast, contradict, contralto


Counter

PREFIX

counter-

  • opposing, against

  • Ex. counteract, counterattack,

    counterproductive


Latin and greek

ROOT

corp

  • body

  • Ex. corporation, corporeal, corpse


Latin and greek

UNIT

VIII


Latin and greek

ROOT

cred

  • believe

  • Ex. credible, incredible, credits


Latin and greek

ROOT

derm

  • skin

  • Ex. dermatologist, epidermis, dermatitis


Latin and greek

ROOT

dict

  • say

  • Ex. dictate, dictionary, contradict


Latin and greek

PREFIX

eu-

  • good

  • Ex. euphemism, eulogy, eurphoria


Latin and greek

UNIT

IX


Latin and greek

SUFFIX

-ic

  • of; relating to

  • Ex. academic, historic, horrific


Latin and greek

PREFIX

in-

  • not

  • Ex. independent, inexcusable,

    insubordinate


Latin and greek

PREFIX

epi-

  • on; above

  • Ex. epidemic, epicenter, epilogue


Latin and greek

UNIT

X


Latin and greek

PREFIX

endo-

  • inside; within

  • Ex. endorse, endontics, endoplasmic


Latin and greek

PREFIX

ex-

  • outside; away from; former

  • Ex. exclude, excommunicate, exhibit


Extra

PREFIX

extra-

  • outside; beyond

  • Ex. extraterrestrial, extrovert,

    extraordinary


Latin and greek

UNIT

XI


Latin and greek

ROOT

fin

  • end

  • Ex. finish, finite, refine, finale


Latin and greek

ROOT

gen

  • birth, race

  • Ex. genetic, genesis, generate,

    genealogy


Latin and greek

ROOT

giga

  • billion

  • Ex. gigabyte, gigabit, gigahertz,

    gigantic


Latin and greek

UNIT

XII


Graph

ROOT

graph

  • write

  • Ex. paragraph, biography,

    photograph, polygraph, graphite


Latin and greek

ROOT

hemi

  • half

  • Ex. hemisphere, hemiplegia,

    hemidemisemiquaver


Latin and greek

PREFIX

kilo-

  • thousand

  • Ex. kilogram, kilobyte, kilometer


Latin and greek

UNIT

XIII


M ono

PREFIX

mono-

  • one

  • Ex. monarchy, monocle, monogamy


Latin and greek

ROOT

mort

  • death

  • Ex. mortician, mortify, mortuary


M ulti

PREFIX

multi-

  • many

  • Ex. multitask, multiply,

    multimillionaire


Latin and greek

UNIT

XIV


Latin and greek

PREFIX

neo-

  • new

  • Ex. neonatal, neophyte, neoblastic


Latin and greek

PREFIX

nano-

  • very small

  • Ex. nanosecond, nanotechnology,

    iPod Nano


Latin and greek

ROOT

nat

  • birth

  • Ex. nativity, nature, native


Latin and greek

UNIT

XV


Latin and greek

ROOT

nova

  • new

  • Ex. novel, innovative, novice


Latin and greek

ROOT

nul

  • nothing

  • Ex. nullify, annulment, null and void


Ology

SUFFIX

-ology

  • study of

  • Ex. biology, kinesiology, theology


Latin and greek

UNIT

XVI


Latin and greek

ROOT

phil

  • love

  • Ex. philanthropist, bibliophile,

    Philadelphia


P ed pod

ROOT

ped/pod

  • foot

  • Ex. pedestrian, podiatrist, pedal


Penta

PREFIX

penta-

  • five

  • Ex. pentagon, Pentacost, Pentateuch


Latin and greek

UNIT

XVII


Latin and greek

PREFIX

a-/an-

  • not; without

  • Ex. anarchy, anonymous, atheist,

    apathetic


Ism ist

SUFFIX

-ism/-ist

  • an action, practice, or condition/ one who holds with actions, practices, or conditions

  • Ex. Catholocism, hair stylist,

    anachronism


Latin and greek

SUFFIX

-ous

  • possessing; full of

  • Ex. porous, superfluous, generous


Latin and greek

UNIT

XVIII


Phobia

ROOT

phobia

  • fear

  • Ex. arachnophobia, claustrophobia, abluthophobia

    agoraphobia, chorophobia, enetophobia, gynophobia, aulophobia, linonophobia, hematophbia, glossophobia, gymnophobia, lunaphobia, pedophobia, novercaphobia, metrophobia, pantophobia, triskadekaphobia, pogonophobia, pteronophobia, xanthophobia


Latin and greek

ROOT

phon

  • sound

  • Ex. telephone, homophone,

    Francophone


Photo

ROOT

photo

  • light

  • Ex. photograph, photogram,

    photosynthesis


Latin and greek

UNIT

XIX


Phyte

SUFFIX

phyte

  • a plant with a specified character/habitat

  • Ex. hydrophyte, zoophyte, neophyte


Latin and greek

ROOT

poli

  • city; government

  • Ex. metropolis, police, necropolis,

    Indianapolis


Latin and greek

ROOT

poly

  • more than one; many

  • Ex. polytheism, polygamy,

    polynomial, polyglot


Units

UNITS

XX-XXI


Latin and greek

ROOT

port

  • carry

  • Ex. portable, export, support


Latin and greek

PREFIX

pre-

  • before

  • Ex. precaution, prefix, prejudice


Latin and greek

PREFIX

post-

  • after

  • Ex. postpone, posterior, posthumous


Latin and greek

PREFIX

pro-

  • forward; before; for

  • Ex. progress, promote, pronoun; prologue, prophecy, improvise; pro-life/pro-choice


Units1

UNITS

XXII-XXIII


Scrib script

ROOT

scrib/script

  • write

  • Ex. scribe, scribble, prescription,

    subscription


Scope

ROOT

scope

  • see

  • Ex. microscopic, telescope, horoscope


Latin and greek

PREFIX

semi-

  • half (different from bi- !)

  • Ex. semicircle, semiannual,

    semiconcious


Latin and greek

ROOT

somn

  • sleep

  • Ex. insomniac, somnolent,

    somnambulate


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXIV


Latin and greek

ROOT

soph

  • wise

  • Ex. sophomore, sophisticated,

    philosopher


Spect

ROOT

spect

  • see

  • Ex. circumspect, spectacles, inspect


Latin and greek

ROOT

rupt

  • break

  • Ex. interrupt, rupture, bankrupt


Hetero

ROOT

hetero

  • different

  • Ex. heterogeneous, heterophonia,

    heteromorphic


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXV


Latin and greek

ROOT

hex

  • six

  • Ex. hexagon, hexadactylism,

    hexasyullabic


Hydro

ROOT

hydro

  • water

  • Ex. hydroplane, dehydrated,

    hydrophilia


Hyper

ROOT

hyper

  • over; above

  • Ex. hyperactive, hypercritical,

    hypertension


Latin and greek

ROOT

tri-

  • three

  • Ex. triangle, tripod, trimester


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXVI


Uni mono

PREFIX

uni-/mono-

  • one

  • Ex. unilateral, unity, universe;

    monologue


Sesqui

PREFIX

sesqui-

  • one and one half (1 ½ )

  • Ex. sesquicentennial


Duo bi

PREFIX

duo-/bi-

  • two

  • Ex. duet, duplicate, duel,

    doppelgänger; bicycle


Tri terti

PREFIX

tri-/terti-

  • three

  • Ex. triceps, triceratops; tertiary


Quad quart tetra

PREFIX

quad-/quart-/ tetra-

  • four

  • Ex. quarter, quart, quadruple, quad,

    quartet; tetris


Quint penta

PREFIX

quint-/penta-

  • five

  • Ex. quintuplet, quinquegenarian,

    quintessential; pentagon


Sexa sext hex

PREFIX

sexa-/sext-/ hex-

  • six

  • Ex. sextuplet, sexagenarian; hexapod


Septem hepta

PREFIX

septem-/hepta-

  • seven

  • Ex. September, septennial;

    heptarchy, heptagram


Latin and greek

PREFIX

octo-

  • eight

  • Ex. October, octagon, octopus


Novem nona

PREFIX

novem-/nona-

  • nine

  • Ex. November, nonagon,

    nonagenarian


Decem deca

PREFIX

decem-/deca-

  • ten

  • Ex. December, decahedron, decade,

    decathlon


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXVII


Hyper1

PREFIX

hyper-

  • over

  • Ex. hyperactive, hypersensitive,

    hyperbole


Latin and greek

PREFIX

hypo-

  • under

  • Ex. hypothermia, hypochondriac,

    hypotenuse


Inter

PREFIX

inter-

  • between; amongst

  • Ex. intercede, interstate, interlude


Intra

PREFIX

intra-

  • within

  • Ex. intravenous, intrastate,

    intramural


Hetero1

PREFIX

hetero-

  • different

  • Ex. heterogeneous, heterodox,

    heterochromatic


Latin and greek

PREFIX

homo-

  • same

  • Ex. homo sapiens, homogenous,

    homonym


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXVIII


Latin and greek

SUFFIX

-itis

  • inflammation; disease

  • Ex. arthritis, bronchitis, tendonitis


Latin and greek

ROOT

logo

  • word; speech

  • Ex. prologue, dialogue, logogram


Latin and greek

PREFIX

mis-

  • bad; wrong; hate

  • Ex. misbehave, mischievous,

    miserable, misogynist


Latin and greek

PREFIX

mal-

  • bad; evil

  • Ex. malcontent, malicious,

    maleficent, malignant,

    malevolent, malapropism


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXIX


Mania

ROOT

mania

  • addiction to; obsession with

  • Ex. kleptomania, pyromania,

    egomaniacle


Phobia1

ROOT

phobia

  • fear

  • Ex. mysophobe, arachnophobia


Latin and greek

ROOT

theo

  • God; a god

  • Ex. theology, monotheism, atheist,

    Dorothy


Metro

PREFIX

metro-

  • mother

  • Ex. metropolis, metro


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXX


Micro

PREFIX

micro-

  • small

  • Ex. microscope, microphone,

    microcosm


Macro

ROOT

macro-

  • large

  • Ex. macrofossil, macrocosm,

    macrostructure


Latin and greek

PREFIX

mini-

  • small

  • Ex. miniskirt, minimal, diminish


Latin and greek

PREFIX

mega-

  • large

  • Ex. megabyte, megalomaniac,

    megabucks


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXXI


Latin and greek

PREFIX

sub-

  • under

  • Ex. submerge, subconscious,

    submissive, subcutaneous,

    subdivision, subdue, subterfuge


Super

PREFIX

super-

  • over

  • Ex. supernatural, superfluous,

    supersede, superhuman, superior,

    supercilious


Trans

PREFIX

trans-

  • across

  • Ex. transport, transcend, transmit,

    transparent, translate


Latin and greek

PREFIX

tele-

  • far

  • Ex. telephone, telescope, telegram,

    telepathic, telekinesis


Later

PREFIX

later-

  • side

  • Ex. lateral, equilateral, unilateral,

    collateral


Latin and greek

PREFIX

lat-

  • carry

  • Ex. translate, superlative, relative


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXXII


Latin and greek

ROOT

tort

  • twist

  • Ex. contort, distort, extortion,

    torture


Latin and greek

ROOT

tox

  • poison

  • Ex. toxic, antitoxin, intoxicated,

    toxicity


Vid vis

ROOT

vid/vis

  • see

  • Ex. video, evident, provide, invisible,

    revise, supervise, visit


Vita viv

ROOT

vita/viv

  • life

  • Ex. vital, vitamin, survive, revive,

    vivid, vivacious


Latin and greek

UNIT

XXXIII


Mit mis

ROOT

mit/mis

  • send

  • Ex. transmit, admit, remit, submit,

    emit, mission, missile, missive


Latin and greek

ROOT

bene

  • good

  • Ex. beneficial, benefactor, beneficiary,

    benign, benevolent


Belli

ROOT

belli

  • war

  • Ex. belligerent, rebellion, antebellum,

    bellicose, casus belli


Hemo hema

ROOT

hemo/hema

  • blood

  • Ex. hemoglobin, hemorrhage,

    hemophiliac, hematoma


Latin and greek

ROOT

gam

  • marriage

  • Ex. monogamy, bigamy, polygamy


Latin and greek

ROOT

gyn

  • woman

  • Ex. gynecentric, gynarchy,

    gynecologist, gynecophobia,

    androgynous, gynoid


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