Chapter 8 Confederation to Constitution. Moving West. This was America in 1787 With all the new land, people wanted to move West
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Chapter 8Confederation to Constitution
Pictured here is the FIRST Constitution in America…
the 1st official government
The Land Ordinance of 1785
Government would have 3 branches: executive, legislative & judiciary
2 houses – both have representatives based on population – these reps would make decisions in government.
Legislative: includes Congress
Executive: includes President & Vice President
Judicial: includes Courts
1 house – each state would have only 1 representative (1 vote)
The Great Compromise –
3 branches of government: executive, legislative, judicial
2 houses –
3 Branches of Government
2 Houses - Senate & House of Representatives
Senate 2 representatives per state no matter the population
House of Representatives number of representatives based on population
Good for big states
Good for small states
Stronger national government
One person to head the executive branch (Pres.)
Stronger state governments
Feared a strong executive (Pres.)
Different branches of government
Supported a bill of rights
Bill of Rights – the first 10 amendments (changes) to the Constitution
1781Articles of Confederation go into effect.
1777Continental Congress passes the Articles of Confederation.
1777–1781States debate ratification of the Articles of Confederation.
1786Annapolis Convention is held.
Shay’s Rebellion occurs.
1788U.S. Constitution is ratified.
1787Constitutional Convention is held in Philadelphia.
1789 Government created by the new Constitution takes power.
1791Bill of Rights is added to the Constitution.
The Constitution has lasted for over 200 years!