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Lesson 1-6, page 194. Symmetry & Transformations. 1.6 Transformation of Functions. Recognize graphs of common functions Use vertical shifts to graph functions Use horizontal shifts to graph functions Use reflections to graph functions Use vertical stretching & shrinking to graph functions

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Lesson 1 6 page 194

Lesson 1-6, page 194

Symmetry & Transformations


1 6 transformation of functions
1.6 Transformation of Functions

  • Recognize graphs of common functions

  • Use vertical shifts to graph functions

  • Use horizontal shifts to graph functions

  • Use reflections to graph functions

  • Use vertical stretching & shrinking to graph functions

  • Use horizontal stretching & shrinking to graph functions

  • Graph functions w/ sequence of transformations


Basic functions
Basic Functions

  • You should memorize the following basic functions. They are vital to understanding upper level math courses.

  • See the back section of your book,

    Algebra’s Common Functions, for all of the basic functions you should memorize. (See inside back cover and turn back 1 or 2 pages.)


Types of transformations
Types of Transformations

  • Vertical translation: shifts basic graph up or down; up if y = f(x) + b ordown if y = f(x) – b

  • Horizontal translation: shifts basic graph left or right; right if y = f(x - d) orleft if y = f(x + d)

  • Reflection over x-axis:

    across x axis if y = -[f(x)]

  • Vertical stretching and shrinking:y = af(x)

    stretch if |a| > 1; shrink if 0<|a|<1


  • Vertical shifts

    • Moves the graph up or down

    • Impacts only the “y” values of the function

    • No changes are made to the “x” values

  • Horizontal shifts

    • Moves the graph left or right

    • Impacts only the “x” values of the function

    • No changes are made to the “y” values


Recognizing the shift from the equation look at examples of shifting the function f x x 2
Recognizing the shift from the equation, look at examples of shifting the function f(x)=x2.

  • Vertical shift of 3 units up

  • Horizontal shift of 3 units left (HINT: x’s go the opposite direction of what you might think.)


Combining a vertical horizontal shift
Combining a vertical & horizontal shift shifting the function f(x)=x

  • Example of function that is shifted down 4 units and right 6 units from the original function.


Types of symmetry
Types of Symmetry shifting the function f(x)=x

Symmetry with respect to the

  • y-axis (x, y) & (-x, y) are reflections across the y-axis

  • Origin (x, y) & (-x, -y) are reflections across the origin

  • x-axis(x, y) & (x, -y) are reflections across the x-axis


Tests of symmetry
Tests of Symmetry shifting the function f(x)=x

  • f(x) = f(-x) symmetric to y-axis

    even function

    (replace x with –x)

  • - f(x) = f(-x) symmetric to origin

    odd function

    (replace x with –x & y with –y)

  • f(x) = - f(x) symmetric to x-axis

    neither even nor odd function

    (replace y with –y)

    **Note** Functions don’t have to be symmetric to the x axis to be

    neither even nor odd. (ex. y=x^2+3x) not even or odd function

    and also not symmetric to x axis.


Example determine any all symmetry of 6x 7y 0
Example – Determine any/all symmetry of shifting the function f(x)=x6x + 7y = 0.

a) y-axis (replace x w/ -x)

b) origin (replace both)

c) x-axis (replace y w/ -y)

  • Is the function even, odd, or neither?


Example determine any all symmetry of
Example – Determine any/all symmetry of shifting the function f(x)=x

a) y-axis (replace x w/ -x)

b) origin (replace both)

c) x-axis (replace y w/ -y)

  • Is the function even, odd, or neither?


Skip horizontal stretch shrink
***SKIP*** shifting the function f(x)=xHorizontal stretch & shrink

f(x) = |x2 – 4|

  • We’re MULTIPLYING by an integer (not 1 or 0).

  • x’s do the opposite of what we think they should. (If you see 3x in the equation where it used to be an x, you DIVIDE all x’s by 3, thus it’s compressed or shrunk horizontally.)


Vertical stretch shrink
VERTICAL STRETCH (SHRINK) shifting the function f(x)=x

f(x) = |x2 – 4|

  • y’s do what we think they should: If you see 3(f(x)), all y’s are MULTIPLIED by 3 (it’s now 3 times as high or low!)


Sequence of transformations
Sequence of transformations shifting the function f(x)=x

  • Follow order of operations.

  • Select two points (or more) from the original function and move that point one step at a time.


Graph of example
Graph of Example shifting the function f(x)=x


Transformations with the squaring function
Transformations with shifting the function f(x)=xthe Squaring Function

FunctionTransformation

  • g(x) = x2 + 4 ________________________

  • h(x) = x2 – 5 _______________________

  • j(x) = (x – 3)2 ________________________

  • k(x) = (x + 1)2 ________________________

  • q(x) = -x2 ________________________

  • r(x) = 2x2 ________________________

  • s(x) = ¼x2________________________


Your turn describe these transformations with the absolute value function
Your turn. Describe these transformations with the Absolute Value Function.

FunctionTransformation

  • g(x) = -|x| ________________________

  • j(x) = 3|x|________________________

  • k(x) = |x + 4|________________________

  • r(x) = |x| - 1________________________

  • s(x) = -½|x|________________________

  • t(x) = |x| + 2 ________________________


Summary of transformations
Summary of Transformations Value Function.

  • See table 1.5 on page 203.

  • This is an excellent summary of all the transformations studied.


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