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不三: I can not bear you. 不四: You can not bear me ,but your mother can bear you. 唐僧: I can not get down from the tree. 悟空: You can get down from the sheep. 小结:英语单词也有一词多义. Family: father and

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slide1
不三: I can not bear you.

不四: You can not bear me ,but your

mother can bear you.

唐僧:I can not get down from the tree.

悟空:You can get down from the

sheep.

小结:英语单词也有一词多义

slide2
Family:

father

and

mother

I

love

you

你跟妈妈关系好还是跟爸爸关系近?

答:跟妈妈。

因为爸爸(father谐音farther)

Mother:

mind

old

tears

heart

eyes

right

slide3
Wife:

washing

ironing

faithful

entertaining

Husband:

housing

understanding

sharing

buying

and

never

demanding

Love:

listening

oblige

value

excuse

News:

north

west east

south

slide4
我觉得学习英语找到合适的方法很重要,但不管是什么方法只要有用就是好方法,例如:结合汉语拼音.我觉得学习英语找到合适的方法很重要,但不管是什么方法只要有用就是好方法,例如:结合汉语拼音.

language= lan + gu + age

suicide= sui + ci + de

guide= gui + de

cinema = ci +ne + ma

增字母、减字母、换字母

例如:ring bring spring

able cable table notable portable fable

cool fool pool tool wool

bound found hound

mound pound round sound wound

eight right light might night fight sight

tight

height weight

slide5
联想法:

brought thought bought hi + story

atmosphere= at most here(只要把t变成p就行了)

brought(只要你给b一个耳光它就变成d)结果是

drought(干旱)

later (只要把l和a换个位置就变成alter)

以上说的这些仅供大家参考,最主要还要靠大家平时的日积月累。下面就介绍构词法(word-building)的一些知识.

slide6
1:常见的名词后缀

(1)表示“人和物”

-an American historian

-ian Italian Canadian politician

-ant assistant accountant participant

-ent student president resident

-ee employee trainee

-er writer speaker waiter

-or actor conductor sailor

-ess waitress hostess actress

-ist socialist novelist scientist dentist

趣谈词汇记忆
slide7
(2)表示“性质、状态、动作、行为”的抽象名词(2)表示“性质、状态、动作、行为”的抽象名词
  • -ability suitability probability
  • -ibility possibility responsibility
  • -age marriage shortage carriage
  • -al arrival refusal revival survival
  • -ance acceptance importance distance ignorance
  • -ence dependence existence difference conference
  • -dom freedom wisdom seldom
  • -ery slavery bravery discovery mastery robbery
  • -hood childhood adulthood neighborhood
  • -ion question construction election conduction
  • -ition composition competition
  • -ation modernization civilization alteration
  • -ism pessimism optimism socialism Marxism
  • -ment movement government encouragement
  • -ness kindness carelessness
  • -ship friendship leadership relationship
  • -ure exposure failure measure leisure pleasure
slide8
2:常见的动词后缀

(1)表示“使(成为)” “使……化”

  • -ate circulate decorate regulate alternate
  • -en strengthen weaken broaden widen lighten
  • -ify classify simplify specify qualify certify
  • -ize realize organize criticize recognize
  • -ish astonish cherish establish finish punish

polish vanish accomplish abolish

slide9
3:常见形容词后缀
  • (1)表示“具有……性质的”
  • -al national cultural natural
  • -an American republican
  • -ian Italian Canadian Christian
  • -ant pleasant resistant distant constant
  • -ent different confident excellent
  • -ary necessary imaginary customary
  • -ory compulsory contradictory
  • -ate considerate fortunate
  • -ese Chinese Taiwanese Cantonese
  • -ic heroic poetic economic
  • -some troublesome handsome quarrelsome
slide10
(2)表示“充满或缺乏”

-free duty-free care-free

worry-free

-ful hopeful useful

wonderful helpful

-less hopeless useless

needless

-(i)ous dangerous various

anxious serious

-y rainy cloudy dirty

hairy trendy fishy

(3)表示“类似”

  • -ish childish stylish greenish
  • -like childlike businesslike
  • -ly brotherly friendly deadly deathly
slide11
(4)表示“主、被动意义

-able comfortable lovable

capable believable

portable disable

-ible responsible sensible

visible

-ive active positive

negative passive

decisive extensive

expensive

(5)表示“方向”

-ward downward

backward

forward

westward

eastward

upward

slide12
4: 常见的副词后缀
  • -ly strongly successfully quickly
  • angrily slowly
  • -ward(s) downwards eastwards
  • -wise clockwise likewise otherwise
slide13
常见的前缀
  • 1:表示“否定或逆转”
  • de- defeat defend define deform
  • dis- disappear disagree disorder disgust
  • in- incorrect inactive incapable
  • inaccurate inconsiderate
  • il- illegal illogical illiberal
  • im- impossible immature

imperfect impatient

  • ir- irregular irrelevant irresponsible
  • mis- misuse mislead misunderstanding
  • non- non-stop nonsense non-violence
  • un- unhappy unlucky unpleasant
slide14
2:表示“时间顺序”
  • ex- ex-president ex-wife ex-husband
  • fore- foretell forehead foresee forecast
  • mid- middle midfield midnight midterm
  • post- post-war postgraduate postpone
  • pre- prepare prepay premature predict
  • re- recall repair rebuild rewrite

reconstruct

slide15
3:表示“方向或位置”

ex- export exclude expel exert

in- invade include indicate indoor infect

im- import immigrate imitate impact impair

impel

inter- international interactive interchange

sub- subway subsequent substandard subtitle

tele- telephone telescope telecommunication

trans- transparent transport transplant translate

slide16
4:表示“程度、大小或差别”
  • macro- macroeconomics
  • micro- microscope Microsoft micro-oven
  • mini- minibus miniskirt minimum
  • over- overwork overuse overhear
  • super- supermarket superpower superb

superstar

  • under- underdeveloped underestimate

underline undermine

  • vice- vice-president vice-principal
slide17
5:表示“数量”
  • bi- bicycle bimonthly bilingual bilateral
  • kilo- kilometer kilogram kilohertz kilowatt
  • mono- monolingual monologue monopoly
  • multi- multiple multimedia multifunctional

multinational

  • semi- semifinal semiconductor semiconscious
  • tri- triangle tricycle triple trilateral
  • uni- unicycle unique universal uniform

unilateral

slide18
6:变换词类的前缀

be- befriend belittle behead

en- enable endanger enjoy

enlarge endear encourage

enrich ensure enforce

em- embrace employ embitter

embody embezzle

slide19
了解一些常见的词根

1:audi =hear

audience auditorium audible audition

2: ced (cess)=go

precede proceed process successor

successive recede exceed excess

3: cept =take

except exception exceptional accept

acceptance acceptable

intercept reception deception concept

conception receptive

4: circ =ring

circle encircle semicircle circular circulate

circulation circumstance

slide20
5: clud (clus) =close,shut

exclude exclusive include inclusive

conclude conclusion seclude secluded

(decide ,decisive , decision)

6: cord =heart

record recorder concord concordant accord

accordant discord discordant

7: cred =believe, trust

credit credible discredit incredible

credulous incredulous

8: cur (curs, cour) =run

occur occurrence current currency course

concur recurrent recur

slide21
9: dict (dic) =say

contradict dictate predict prediction indicate indication dictionary

10: duc (duct) =lead

educate introduce introduction conduct product

reduce reduction deduce

11: fer =bring, carry

conference confer differ different offer prefer

preferable transfer defer

12: fus = pour

refuse refusal confuse confusion transfuse transfusion

13: ject =throw

project inject reject rejection

interject subject subjective object objective

abject adjective eject

slide22

14: log =speak dialogue dialog apology apologize monologue logic 15: medi = middle immediate immediately medium multimedia intermediate medieval Mediterranean medicine 16: memor = memory memory memorize memo memorable memorial commemorate remember misremember 17: mini =small, little minimum minimize diminish minus minor miniskirt minority 18: miss (mit) =send missile dismiss emit promise compromise commit submit 19: mot =move motion motive motivate promote promotion demote remote 20: pel =push, drive propel expel repel repulsion repulsive dispel compel impel

slide23

21: pend (pens) =hang depend dependent independent suspend suspense suspension append depend dependable 22: port =carry portable porter import export transport transportation report support supportive sport23: pos =put expose compose composition composer propose proposal opposeopposite dispose disposal pose position purpose deposit 24: rupt =break rupture interrupt interruption disrupt bankrupt corrupt erupt eruption25: sent (sens) =feel sense sensation sentimental consent consensus resent sensible sensitive nonsense assent sentence

slide24

26: sist = stand resist resistant consist consistent assist assistant exist existent insist insistent persist persistent 27: spect (spec) =look spectacle prospect inspect expect respect suspect suspicious spectator special specify specific speculate 28: tain (ten, tin) =hold contain obtain sustain maintain continue continual continuous attain mountain fountain Britain curtain certain29: tend (tens, tent) = stretch extend extension extensive (extended family) extent (~ reading) attend attendant attention attentive content contest contestant (participant) tend tent tension tense pretend intend intensive (~ reading)30: tract =draw tractor attract attractive contract abstract ( concrete ) extract subtract distract distraction distracted distracting

slide25
31:ven =come

invent invention prevent prevention

conventional event eventual

32: vert (vers) = turn

advertise anniversary divert diverse

diversify diversity revert reverse introvert

extrovert convert versatile controversial

invert avert

33: vis (vid) =see

vision visible visit advise

advisable revise supervise visa

evident evidence provide video

Thank you for being

with me !

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