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Development of Nursing. Dorothea Dix 1802-1887. 1814- Dorothea left home because of alcoholic/abusive parents 1821- Opened school in Boston. Taught children from well-to-do families. After some time she decided to poor and neglected children at home.

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Dorothea dix 1802 1887
Dorothea Dix 1802-1887

  • 1814- Dorothea left home because of alcoholic/abusive parents

  • 1821- Opened school in Boston. Taught children from well-to-do families. After some time she decided to poor and neglected children at home.

  • 1836- met the Rathbone family who introduced her to the belief that government should help with social welfare.

  • 1840 & 1841- Returned to America to care for mentally ill people who had no one to care for them.

  • 1846- Traveled to Illinois to study mental illness. She met with legislature and they adopted first mental hospital.

  • 1848- called for reform in mental illness when visiting North Carolina.

  • 1849- North Carolina State Medical Society formed

  • 1856- Hospital named after Dorothea Dix


Dorothea Dix

1802-1887


Florence nightingale 1820 1910
Florence Nightingale1820-1910

  • Known as British nursing hero of Crimean War

  • Soldiers called her “Lady with the Lamp” because she worked throughout the night helping British soldiers.

  • 1858- Took notes entitled Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, Efficiency, and Hospital Administration of British Army, started reform in hospitals.

  • 1860- published notes on nursing

  • 1860- opened a nursing school at Saint Thomas Hospital in London

  • Felt nurses should be trained in science and also advocated for attention to cleanliness and nurses should have compassion for patients

  • She started nursing to be the important profession that it is today and saw to it that hospitals were kept safe and clean from patients.



Linda richards america s first trained nurse 1841 1930
Linda RichardsAmerica’s First Trained Nurse1841-1930

  • Parents hoped for her to become missionary

  • At age of 4, family moved. 6 weeks after her father passed away from lung hemorrhage.

  • Family moved back to Newbury, VT. Her mother became ill with tuberculosis.

  • Linda nursed her mother through her final illness and was only 13 years of age when her mother passed.

  • She began training under Doc Currier, the family doctor.

  • 1860- got married

  • 1865- husband got ill. She nursed him until his death in 1869.

  • She moved to Boston and was hired as an assistant nurse at Boston City Hospital


Linda richards continued
Linda Richards (continued)

  • Signed up for nurse-training program.

  • A year after training she is first to graduate

  • Created a system for charting and keeping medical records for each patient.

  • 1874- ready to take over the floundering Boston Training School

  • 1877- met Nightingale who suggested she attend King’s College Hospital and the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary in England

  • 1878– becomes ill from overwork and uses that to open first nurse-training program in Japan.

  • 1883- opened more schools in Massachusetts, Philadelphia, and Michigan.


Linda Richards

1841-

1930


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