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Wenstrom Bible Ministries Marion, Iowa Pastor-Teacher Bill Wenstrom www.wenstrom.org. Wednesday March 2, 2011 1 Timothy: 1 Timothy 1:18-Paul’s Command To Timothy Is In Accordance With The Prophecies About Him And To Encourage Him To Fight The Good Fight Lesson # 30.
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Wednesday March 2, 20111 Timothy: 1 Timothy 1:18-Paul’s Command To Timothy Is In Accordance With The Prophecies About Him And To Encourage Him To Fight The Good FightLesson # 30
1 Timothy 1:18 This command I entrust to you, Timothy, my son, in accordance with the prophecies previously made concerning you, that by them you fight the good fight,
“This command” is composed of the accusative feminine singular form of the immediate demonstrative pronoun houtos (οὗτος) (oo-toce), “this” and the articular accusative feminine singular form of the noun parangelia (παραγγελία) (pahr-ahn-ya-lee-ah), “command.”
The immediate demonstrative pronoun houtos, “this” does not refer to the hina clause to follow since this clause presents the purpose of the charge rather than its content.
Houtos refers to Paul’s urgent request in verses 3-5 that Timothy order certain unidentified pastors in Ephesus to stop teaching false doctrine to the church in that city as well as to stop being occupied with Jewish myths and useless genealogies.
The charge not only involves prohibitions for these pastors to stop teaching false doctrine and being occupied with Jewish myths and useless genealogies but also it involves a call for these pastors to be faithful in administrating the household of God by adhering to Paul’s gospel or apostolic teaching.
“I entrust to you, Timothy, my son” is composed of the first person singular present middle indicative form of the verb paratithemi (παρατίθημι) (pah-dah-teeth-ah-mee), “I entrust”
and the dative second person singular form of the personal pronoun su (σύ) (see), “you” and the vocative neuter singular form of the noun teknon (τέκνον) (tek-known), “child” vocative masculine singular form of the proper name Timotheos (Τιμόθεος) (ti-moe-thay-oce), “Timothy.”
This indicates that Paul was entrusting Timothy with a charge that he himself had received from the Lord and was passing along to Timothy to have these pastors in Ephesus stop being unfaithful and to get back to fulfilling their duties of proclaiming the gospel.
It implies that Paul considers Timothy himself to be faithful and responsible enough to communicate this charge to these men and thus would be an encouragement to his young delegate.
The present tense is a progressive or descriptive present indicating that Paul at the time of writing was entrusting Timothy to get these unidentified pastors back on track.
In 1 Timothy 1:18, this word Timotheos is a vocative of emphatic emotional address and expresses the urgency of the situation in Ephesus and the importance of Timothy carrying out Paul’s instructions in this epistle in order to deal with the problem in Ephesus.
As was the case in 1 Timothy 1:2, teknon here in verse 18 means “spiritual child” describing Timothy as Paul’s spiritual child emphasizing the spiritual relationship that Paul had with Timothy.
“In accordance with the prophecies previously made concerning you” is composed of the preposition kata (κατά) (kah-tah), “in accordance with”
and the articular accusative feminine plural form of the noun propheteia (προφητεία) (pro-fee-tee-ah), “the prophecies” and the accusative feminine plural present active participle form of the verb proago (προάγω) (pro-ah-go), “previously made”
and the preposition epi (ἐπί) (eh-pee), “concerning” and the accusative second person singular form of the personal pronoun su (σύ) (see), “you.”
This gift is no longer existent since it existed during the pre-canon period of the church age to fill the void until the New Testament canon had been completed.
The prepositional phrase to follow indicates quite clearly that the content of these prophecies was related to the charge that Paul gave Timothy in verses 3-5 and who is being reminded here of them by the former.
Thus, these prophecies were not related to the identification of Timothy’s spiritual gift of pastors-teacher or that he would be a faithful servant of the gospel and friend of Paul.
The noun propheteia refers to those prophecies that were made about Timothy that undoubtedly spoke of what God would do through him in this situation in Ephesus.
The noun propheteia is the object of the preposition kata, which functions as a marker of a norm of similarity introducing the norm which governs something.
This indicates that the “prophecies” previously made about Timothy were “in accordance with” Paul’s urgent request that Timothy order certain pastors to stop teaching false doctrine and being occupied with myths and useless genealogies and get back to administrating the household of God by being faithful to their duties.
The verb proago is used in an intransitive and temporal sense and means “to happen or take place previously” indicating that these prophecies concerning Timothy that are consistent with Paul’s urgent request that he get certain pastors back in line took place in an unidentified point in Timothy’s past.
The personal pronoun su refers once again to Timothy and is the object of the preposition epi, which functions as a marker of persons benefited by an event indicating that these prophecies previously mentioned in Timothy’s past were for his benefit in order to encourage him to fight the good fight.
1 Timothy 1:18 This command I entrust to you, Timothy, my son, in accordance with the prophecies previously made concerning you, that by them you fight the good fight.” (NASU)
“That by them you fight the good fight” is composed of the conjunction hina (ἵνα) (ee-nah), “that” and the second person singular present middle subjunctive form of the verb strateuo (στρατεύομαι) (strah-tev-oh), “you fight”
and the preposition en (ἐν), “by” and the dative third person feminine plural form of the intensive personal pronoun autos (αὐτός) (awf-toce), “them” and articular accusative feminine singular form of the adjective kalos (καλός) (kah-loce), “good” and the accusative feminine singular form of the noun strateia (στρατεία) (strah-tee-ah), “fight.”
The conjunction hina is employed with the subjunctive mood of the verb strateuo to form a purpose clause that expresses the purpose for Paul’s urgent request recorded in verses 3-5.
Therefore, Paul’s urgent request that he made of Timothy when he was departing for Macedonia to order certain pastors in that city to stop teaching false doctrine and get back to being faithful in administrating the household of God by teaching his gospel was for the express purpose of encouraging him to fight the good fight.
The intensive personal pronoun autos refers of course to these prophecies made concerning Timothy that were in accordance with Paul’s charge mentioned in verses 3-5.
It is the object of the preposition en, which is a marker of means indicating that these prophecies were the means by which Timothy was to fight.
These specific prophecies, which were specific words from God to Timothy were to be the means by which Timothy was to be engaged in spiritual combat in Ephesus with the kingdom of darkness.
It indicates that Paul reminded Timothy of the charge that he issued to him before leaving Ephesus to get these pastors in line in order that he might continue being engaged in spiritual combat with the kingdom of darkness.
The noun strateia is used in a metaphorical or figurative sense meaning “spiritual combat,” or “spiritual warfare” and refers to spiritual combat with the kingdom of darkness.
So these two words indicate that Paul wants Timothy to continue to be engaged in a spiritual military campaign whose objective is stop certain pastors from teaching false doctrine to their congregations and to be faithful in administrating the household of God by proclaiming the gospel of Jesus Christ.
Here it describes spiritual combat that Timothy was engaged in as superior to combat in the natural realm since it is with a superior enemy.
It describes spiritual combat as of the utmost importance in life possessing outstanding qualities because it is on behalf of a superior sovereign king, Jesus Christ and against a superior enemy, Satan.