Overview of u s preparations for iter
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Overview of U.S. Preparations for ITER. Positioning the US to achieve its Burning Plasma interests through ITER. Ned Sauthoff Fusion Power Associates Washington, DC November 19, 2003. NRC 12/2002 - 2003. Congress. FESAC Burning Plasma Panel 9/2001. Snowmass Summer Study

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Overview of U.S. Preparations for ITER

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Overview of u s preparations for iter

Overview of U.S. Preparations for ITER

Positioning the US to achieve its Burning Plasma interests through ITER

Ned Sauthoff

Fusion Power Associates

Washington, DC

November 19, 2003


Preparations leading to the presidential decision

NRC12/2002 - 2003

Congress

FESAC

Burning

Plasma

Panel

9/2001

Snowmass

Summer

Study

7/2002

FESAC

2/2002-

9/2002

DOE

OMB

OSTP

White

House

1/2003

DOE/SC

Cost

Assessment11/2002

Preparations leading to the Presidential Decision…

UFA

work-

shops

What further preparations are needed to position the US to achieve its Burning Plasma interests?


Iter related activities

~2014

~2006

ITER-related activities

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction


Upcoming iter related activities

Upcoming ITER-related activities

  • “Levels of Interest” in packages for “in-kind contributions”

  • Contributing input to discussions

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction


Major components of iter

Blanket Module421 modules

Toroidal Field CoilNb3Sn, 18 coils

Vacuum Vessel9 sectors

Port Plug

6 heating

3 test blankets

2 limiters

rem. diagnostics

Poloidal Field CoilNb-Ti, 6 coils

Central SolenoidNb3Sn, 6 modules

Cryostat24 m high x 28 m dia.

Divertor54 cassettes

Major Components of ITER


Direct capital value

Direct Capital “Value”


Overview of the iter construction value

Overview of the ITER Construction “Value”


Guidelines for the us in kind offers

Guidelines for the US in-kind offers

  • The total value of the US offers matches the negotiated percentages

  • The cost of the the US offer is within the Administration’s dollar-limit

    • in-kind and in-cash contributions

    • construction management, and

    • US domestic agency, contingencies, reserves, …

  • The scope is of interest to “the US”

  • The scope is consistent with US capabilities

  • The scope is consistent with US export controls,US Trade Representatives’ guidelines, etc.


Us cost estimation for each procurement area of interest

US cost-estimation for each procurement-area of interest

US area experts (labs and universities)


Us cost estimation for procurement areas of interest

US cost-estimation for procurement-areas of interest

Magnet Systems[Minervini (MIT)]

Diagnostics [Young/Johnson (PPPL)]

Ion Cyclotron H&CD [Swain (ORNL) / Hosea (PPPL)]

Electron Cyclotron H&CD [Temkin (MIT) / Hosea (PPPL)]

Divertor[Ulrickson (SNL)]

Tritium [Willms (LANL)]

Vacuum Pumping and Fueling System[Gouge (ORNL)]

Conventional Systems [Hill (LLNL)]

US area experts (labs and universities)


Us cost estimation for each procurement area of interest1

ITER

Procurement

Packages

Comparison of ITER valueand US cost

US cost foradditional R&D and Design

ITER Cost

Worksheets

US supporting program to position the US

procurement

packages

cost

sheets

US cost-estimation for each procurement-area of interest

US area experts (labs and universities)

US industry


Burning plasma progam advisory committee

Burning Plasma Progam Advisory Committee

  • Membership

    • Stewart Prager(U. Wis.), chair

    • Mohamed Abdou(UCLA)

    • Réjean Boivin(GA)

    • Harold Forsen

    • Jeffrey Freidberg(MIT)

    • Richard Hawryluk(PPPL)

    • E. Bickford Hooper(LLNL)

    • Stan Milora(ORNL)

    • Gerald Navratil(Columbia)

    • Tony Taylor (GA)

    • George Tynan(UCSD)

    • Michael Ulrickson (Sandia)

    • James Van Dam(UTex)


Bppac criteria metrics and priorities for us contributions

BPPAC criteria, metrics and priorities for US contributions

1. US research positioning (High)

  • Metric: Extent to which activity positions the US for key science/technology roles in ITER

    2. ITER-value per dollar (High)

  • Metric: ITER value/(US cost of full scope of ITER-specific R&D + design + fab + contingency)

    3. Relative value or strength of US contribution to ITER (High/Medium)

  • Metric: High relative strength to meet a critical need of the ITER project

    4. Contributions to US fusion research program (Medium)

  • Metric: Enhancement of US capability for activity both in ITER and outside ITER

    5. Enhancement of fusion-relevant capability of US industry (Medium/Low)

  • Metric: Extent activity increases industrial capability in fusion areas

    6. Development of US fusion workforce (Low)

  • Metric: Extent to which activity builds a suitable US fusion science and technology work force.


Upcoming iter related activities1

Upcoming ITER-related activities

  • “Levels of Interest” in packages for “in-kind contributions”

  • Contributing input to discussions

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction


Nssg groups area us emphasis

NSSG-GroupsArea US emphasis

  • Management Structureeffectiveness

Strong project management

  • technical control(design integration, change control, …)

  • procurement control (vendor qualifications, inspections, progress payments, …)


Conceptual iter organizational structure

ILE

Council

Science and

Technology

Advisory

Committee

Management

Advisory

Committee

Auditors

Host country

Director-General

(DG)

ILE Staff (professionals + support staff)

Supporting

Services

Support for

Project Management,

Computer Network

Technical works,

etc.

Central Team

Contracts

Field Team

Field Team

Field Team

for construction phase

Domestic

Agency

Domestic

Agency

Domestic

Agency

Conceptual ITER Organizational Structure


Nssg groups area us emphasis1

NSSG-GroupsArea US emphasis

  • Management Structureeffectiveness

  • Staffingaccessibility

  • Procurement Systems/Methodsin-kind/in-cash

    changes

  • Procurement Allocationsproject success

    US interests


Status of procurement allocations

Status of Procurement Allocations

  • For each site-option, most packages have been provisionally assigned

  • In this provisional allocation, the US has a spectrum of packages that:

    • matches the negotiated value

    • involves the US in key science and technology areas of interest

    • is within the US dollar limit (including in-kind, in-cash, contingencies, domestic activity, …)

  • The provisional allocation is subject to review by others:

    • US export controls, ….

  • Next steps:

    • Allocation of remaining packages after site- and cost-sharing agreement

    • Discussions of coordination with other parties


Nssg groups area us emphasis2

NSSG-GroupsArea US emphasis

  • Management Structureeffectiveness

  • Staffingaccessibility

  • Procurement Systems/Methodsin-kind/in-cash; changes

  • Procurement Allocationsproject success and US interests

  • Resource Management Regulationsvisibility and changes

  • Riskrecognition and management

  • Intellectual Propertybenefits and protection

  • Decommissioningamount and timing of the funds


Upcoming iter related activities2

Upcoming ITER-related activities

  • Performance of “Home Team” tasks

  • Secondees

    • Naka

    • Garching

    • ITER Site (future)

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction


Overview of u s preparations for iter

1/06


Ita task requests

ITA Task Requests

  • Magnet

    • Qualification of industrial suppliers of Nb3Sn strands with increased value of Jc

    • Conductor performance and design criteria (transverse load effects)

    • CS jacket weld defect assessment

    • Stress analysis of the helium inlet regions

  • Divertor

    • Divertor Diagnostic Side Plates Design

    • Design of Special Divertor Diagnostic Cassettes including cassettes with in-vessel viewing access

    • Tolerance Study of the Divertor

  • Safety Computer Codes


Physics tasks and working group

Physics Tasks and Working Group

  • Neoclassical Tearing Modes in Inductive Operation

  • Resistive Wall Modes in Non-inductively Driven Plasma

  • Disruptions and their mitigation in Inductive Operation

  • Plasma control

  • Plasma transport simulations

  • Divertor

  • Edge pedestal and ELMs in Inductive Operation

  • Diagnostic Working Group


Upcoming iter related activities3

Upcoming ITER-related activities

  • Performance of “Home Team” tasks

  • Secondees

    • Naka

    • Garching

    • ITER Site (future)

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction


Secondees requested by the it

Secondees requested by the IT

  • completing design and writing technical procurement specifications for "long-lead" items

    • CS manufacturing, coil winding instrumentation, conductors

    • divertor, high heat flux components

    • blanket (shield and FW)

    • cryostat and vacuum system

  • layout review of the tritium plant and cryogenic distribution

  • taking over the design for IC, EC and CODAC systems

  • diagnostics definition and integration


Upcoming iter related activities4

Upcoming ITER-related activities

  • Development of the US ITER Project Management Plan

  • Positioning the US to perform agreed procurements

    • Performance of long-lead-time work on Critical Path Tasks

    • US reviews

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction


Upcoming iter related activities5

Upcoming ITER-related activities

  • R&D and Design on Diagnostics, Heating and Current Drive Systems

  • Re-establish US participation in the ITER Test Blanket Program

  • Experiments, theory and modeling aimed at key questions for burning plasmas (design and operation)

  • Planning for the ITER Research Phase

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction


Upcoming iter related activities6

Upcoming ITER-related activities

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction

  • Secondees

  • “In-kind” contributions

  • “Cash-fund” contributions

Participate in IGNITOR, if Italy builds it


Secondees

Secondees

  • During the EDA, the US provided ~35 secondees to the Joint Central Team.

  • The construction-phase secondee-assignments would be to a combination of:

    • the ITER site, and

    • Field Teams in the ITER party territories

  • 10% of the total ITER Central Construction Management Team professional staff level would be comparable to our EDA level:

    ~8-12 professionals at the ITER Site

    ~10-13 professionals on Field Teams


Upcoming iter related activities7

Upcoming ITER-related activities

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction

  • US: Scientific Merit should be the dominant criterion

  • US: “Magnitude of contribution”, rather than “Nature of contribution” should matter for decision-making

Participate in IGNITOR, if Italy builds it


Us actions on research participation in iter

US actions on Research Participation in ITER

  • Development of the US Burning Plasma program, integrating with the domestic and international programs

  • Drafting visions and plans for ITER research operations

  • Participation in the International Tokamak Physics Activity (ITPA)


Iter related activities1

ITER-related activities

Support of

US ITER Negotiations

ITER Transitional

Arrangements

Preparation of the

US ITER Project Team

BP-Supporting

Program Activities

Research

Operations

Construction


How do we position the us to meet us interests

How do we position the US to meet US interests?

  • Focusing on ITER Project and Program Success

    • Contributing project-enabling concepts into international Negotiations

  • Preparing for a 2006 US Start-of-Construction

    • Assessing possible US in-kind offers

    • Participating in the ITA by tasks and secondees

    • Establishing an effective US ITER Team

  • Positioning for ITER Research

    • Performing BP-supporting research on key issues (ITPA)

    • Establishing excellence in leading tokamak research

    • Developing world-class remote collaborations tools


Us interests guiding us preparations

US interests guiding US preparations

  • Study of Burning Plasmas (cf. G. Navratil)

  • Fusion technologies (cf. C. Baker)

  • U.S. Industry (R. Iotti)

  • As a Step Towards Fusion Power (R. Goldston)

  • Developing a truly international approach to the conception, design, construction and operation of major science and technology programs


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