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How To Create a Healthy Meal Plan. One Fitness Camp. What are macronutrients?. Macronutrients are nutrients that provide calories or energy. Nutrients are substances needed fo Growth Metabolism Other body functions. “macro” means large What three nutrients needed in large amounts ?.

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what are macronutrients
What are macronutrients?
  • Macronutrients are nutrients that provide calories or energy.
  • Nutrients are substances needed fo
    • Growth
    • Metabolism
    • Other body functions.
    • “macro” means large

What three nutrients needed in large amounts?

each of these macronutrients provides calories the amount of calories that each one provides varies
Each of these macronutrients provides calories, the amount of calories that each one provides varies.
  • Carbohydrate = 4 calories per gram.
  • Protein = 4 calories per gram.
  • Fat = 9 calories per gram.

What does this mean?

slide5

This means that if you looked at the Nutrition Facts label of a product and it said 12 grams of carbohydrate, 0 grams of fat, and 0 grams of protein per serving, you would know that this food has about 48 calories per serving

  • 12 grams carbohydrate multiplied by 4 calories for each gram of carbohydrate = 48 calories
slide6

FYI

  • Besides carbohydrate, protein, and fat the only other substance that provides calories is alcohol.
  • Alcohol = 7 calories per gram.
  • Alcohol, however, is not a macronutrient because we do not need it for survival
slide8

Carbohydrates are the macronutrient that we need in the largest amounts.

  • USDA, 45% - 65% of calories should come from carbohydrates.
  • We need this amount of carbohydrate?
    • Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of fuel.
    • Carbohydrates are easily used by the body for energy.
    • All of the tissues and cells in our body can use glucose for energy.
    • Carbohydrates are needed for the central nervous system, the kidneys, the brain, the muscles (including the heart) to function properly.
    • Carbohydrates can be stored in the muscles and liver and later used for energy.
    • Carbohydrates are important in intestinal health and waste elimination.
  • low-glycemic carbohydrates helps keep your blood sugar steady and makes for a more sustained energy release.
how many carbohydrates should i consume per day
How many carbohydrates should I consume per day?
  • The amount of carbohydrates you need really depends on your activity level and metabolism.
  • For weight loss,
  • Women should have two - three servings of starchy carbohydrates from whole grains and at least one fruit or vegetable serving each meal
  • Men should have three - four servings of starchy carbs from whole grains and at least one fruit or vegetable serving each meal
where are carbohydrates found
Where are carbohydrates found?
  • Carbohydrates are found in starchy foods
    • Grain
    • Potatoes
    • Fruit
    • Milk
    • Yogurt
fiber
Fiber
  • A certain types of carbohydrates that our body cannot digest.
  • These carbohydrates pass through the intestinal tract and help to move waste out of the body.
    • Diets that are low in fiber have been shown to cause problems such as constipation and hemorrhoids and to increase the risk for certain types of cancers such as colon cancer.
  • Diets high in fiber
  • decrease risks for heart disease
  • obesity
  • help lower cholesterol.
  • Foods high in fiber include whole grain products, fruits, and vegetables.
    • Women need approximately 30g/day
    • Men need approximately 38 to 40g/day
why do we need protein to survive
Why do we need protein to survive?
  • USDA recommends
    • 10% - 35% of calories should come from protein.
we need protein for
We need protein for:
  • Growth (especially important for children, teens, and pregnant women)
  • Tissue repair
  • Immune function
  • Making essential hormones and enzymes
  • Energy when carbohydrate is not available
  • Preserving lean muscle mass
  • They provide a longer release of energy than carbohydrates, helping you to feel more satisfied when you eat them.
protein is found in
Protein is found in:
  • meats
  • poultry
  • fish
  • meat substitutes
  • cheese
  • milk
  • nuts
  • legumes
  • In smaller quantities in starchy foods and vegetables.
why do we need fat to survive
Why do we need fat to survive?
  • Although fats have received a bad reputation for causing weight gain, some fat is essential for survival.
  • According to the USDA 20% - 35% of calories should come from fat.
we need this amount of fat for
We need this amount of fat for:
  • Normal growth and development
  • Energy (fat is the most concentrated source of energy)
  • Absorbing certain vitamins
    • like vitamins A, D, E, K, and carotenoids
  • Providing cushioning for the organs
  • Maintaining cell membranes
  • Providing taste, consistency, and stability to foods
fat is found in
Fat is found in:
  • meat
  • poultry
  • nuts
  • milk products
  • butter and margarine
  • oils
  • lard
  • fish
  • grain products
  • salad dressing
there are three main types of fat
There are three main types of fat:
  • Saturated Fat – Bad
  • Trans Fat – Bad
  • Unsaturated Fat – Good
  • Saturated Fat and Trans Fat
  • increase your risk for heart disease.
  • Replacing Saturated and Trans Fat in your diet withUnsaturated Fat decrease the risk of developing heart disease.
trans fat is found in
Trans Fat is found in:
  • Baked goods
  • Snack foods
  • Fried foods
  • Margarine
unsaturated fat is found in
Unsaturated Fat is found in:
  • Fish
  • Olive oil
  • Avocados
  • Nuts
  • Canola oil
  • 20-30 % of your daily calories should come from fat, especially from good unsaturated fat found in this list.
    • Women on a 1600 calorie diet = 320 to 480 calories from fat pre day
    • Men on a 2000 calorie diet = 400 to 600 calories from fat per day
micronutrients
Micronutrients:
  • Macronutrients are very important they are not the only things that we need for survival.
  • Our bodies also need water (6-8 glasses a day) and Micronutrients.
  • Micronutrients are nutrients that our bodies need in smaller amounts, and include vitamins and minerals.
balanced meals
Balanced Meals
  • Learning how to balance the nutrients in your meals is an essential part of losing weight successfully
  • For a diet to be truly balanced it must contain a mix of
    • Carbohydrates – starch – low glycemic
    • Protein – lean sources
    • Fat – Mostly Unsaturated
  • When you incorporate a variety of food groups into your meals, you help stabilize your blood sugar and supply your body with a more complete nutritional load of vitamins and minerals.
  • Eating balanced meals is clearly a great approach to long-term weight loss. And the best part?
  • The rules are simple enough that you don’t have to put too much thought into it at mealtime, nor do you need to break out the calculator whenever you eat.
healthy meal planning recourses
Healthy Meal Planning Recourses
  • Google Recipes
  • www.food.com
  • www.lowfatrecipes.com
  • www.healthyrecipes.com
  • www.allrecipes.com
  • Cook Books & Magazines
  • Buy Cook Books that include calorie count for each recipe
  • “Healthy Cooking”
  • “Cooking Light”
  • Fitness Magazines
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