Technology Infrastructure for Electronic Commerce. Olga Gelbart [email protected] THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY based on Prof. Lance Hoffman’s Lecture on Network Infrastructure for Electronic Commerce. Snapshots of the Electronic Commerce World. Yesterday - EDI
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1962 Licklider, J.C.R., Galactic Network memos
Licklider - MIT to ARPA
ARPANET and successors: open architecture networking
1970s: universities and other DoD contractors connect
packets rather than circuits (note many of the names in
the articles were graduate students then)
1975: 100 sites and e-mail is changing how people collaborate
Late 1970s: New Packet Switching Protocol:
Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
1980: MILNET takes over military traffic
1980s: NSFNet links together NSF researcgers,
Internet protocols incorporated into (BSD) Unix, a widespread operating system
Late 1980s: NSFNet absorbs original ARPANET (for a US university to get NSF
funding for an Internet connection, that connection had to be made available to
all qualified users on campus, regardless of discipline
1995: Commercial backbones replace NSFNet backbone
Commercial Networks: AOL, Compuserve, etc.
From “A Brief History of the Internet” by B. Leiner, et al.,
From Hobbes’ Internet Timeline at http://info.isoc.org. ...
Adapted from Gail Grant
Adapted from Gail Grant
SATAN) also used by the enemy
When should government have right tomonitor telecommunications?
What safeguards prevent abuse ofinformation obtained with taps?
Can a free society toleratehidden data with no accountability?
(adapted from White House briefing)
* provides successor for DES* provides law enforcement solution
Key Escrow Holders
Law Enforcement Agency
Commerce Dept., NISTTreasury Dept., Automated Systems Div
APPLICATION OF BLIND SIGNATURE TO A REAL CRIMEB. von Solms and D. Naccache, Computers and Security 11, 6 (1992)reprinted in Hoffman, L. (Ed.), Building in Big Brother,
Commercial use: Should promote widespreadcommercial use of technologies that canprevent unauthorized access to electronic info
Exportation: Should allow export of DES toprovide an acceptable level of security
Escrow: Premature (Key recovery = current proposal)
Classified material: The debate on cryptopolicy should be open and does not requireknowledge of classified material
Total preliminary report at http://www.nap.edu/nap/online/titleindex.html#c
Cryptography\'s Role in Securing the Information Society, 1996,National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Box 285, Washington DC 20055, (800) 624-6242
Reps. Goodlatte (R-VA), Eshoo (D-CA)
from 3/19/97 hearing at