By ivan carrasquillo esmond arthur garnett christian james o connell
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Abyssal zone PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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By: Ivan Carrasquillo, Esmond Arthur Garnett, Christian James O’Connell. Abyssal zone. biotic and Abiotic organisms in the abyssal zone. livening The black swallower. The tripod fish The deep-sea angler fish And the giant squid Non-livening Nodule deposits Magnesium Gold

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Abyssal zone

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By ivan carrasquillo esmond arthur garnett christian james o connell

By: Ivan Carrasquillo,

Esmond Arthur Garnett,

Christian James O’Connell

Abyssal zone

Biotic and abiotic organisms in the abyssal zone

biotic and Abiotic organisms in the abyssal zone


The black swallower.

The tripod fish

The deep-sea angler fish

And the giant squid


Nodule deposits




Human damage in the ocean

Human Damage in The ocean

Human damage

  • Because the abyssal zone is so deep, and has so much pressure neither tidal changes or human activities really affect this zone. One human vehicle does some damage and it is the submarine. When it dives it sucks in oxygen and releases the salt and other chemicals causing damage to the fish.

Human damage

Global warming s affect on the abyssal zone

  • Coral one of the leading sources for the oceans food is being affected by global warming

  • Global warming is causing the skeletons of the coral reefs to become weaker

  • This is all a result of carbon dioxide gas being released in the ocean

Global Warming's affect on the abyssal zone

Coral bleaching

  • This is the breaking down of the relationship of coral and algae

  • This is also occurring because of the warm ocean water

  • The algae give the coral its coloration

  • The increasing CO2 levels in the ocean are releasing the algae

Coral Bleaching

Soft mushroom coral

Soft Mushroom coral

This animal has two different shapes. When it is closed up it looks like a mushroom but when it is open it looks like a flower. It has tentacles up to six inches long. It uses poison in its tentacles to kill and eat small fish.

Sea pig

Sea pigs are Scotoplanes. They are a common species found on the abyssal plain. They obtain their food from deposits in the deep-sea mud.

Sea pig

Sea cucumber

The sea Cucumber is a fish that is used for human consumption. It gets its food from decaying organic matter found in the ocean and plankton.

Sea Cucumber

Sea spiders

Sea spiders

Fang tooth

  • The fang fish gets its name from the sharp fangs in its mouth. When the fang tooth closes his mouth his teeth slide into pockets on the roof and the bottom of his mouth.

Fang tooth

Black dragon fish

Black Dragon fish




Sea whip

  • The sea Whip is a small colony of fish joined together. They get there food from the hydrothermal vents. They use tentacles to suck in the nutrients.

Sea Whip

Pollution killing the animals

Oil causes fish to die. Because they do not get any air.

PCBs stop’s fish eggs from hatching. PCBs also poison animals, and when they get eaten the poison passes through the food chain. PCB is a organic compound with 1 to 10 chlorine atoms attached to biphenyl.

Pollution killing the animals

The great red midas

  • The Giant Red Mysid is a bright red shrimp. In the dark ocean red appears black so it is camouflaged. When it is threatened it releases a glow liquid that distracts the predator giving it time to swim away.

The Great Red Midas


Stamina is a deep-sea fish, It haves loose jaws so its pray does not get away.

There bodies are almost black so that they bland in to the sea floor

They are predators, eating smaller fish and they have fang like teeth.

stomiids produce eggs that float up into the surface waters to hatch. After they hatch they eat the plantation


Bloody belly comb jelly

Bloody belly Comb Jelly

The Bloody belly Comb Jelly ranges from many colors . It uses comb like tentacles to propel itself in the water. They have a maximum size of 4.5 inches.

Spotted ratfish

Spotted Ratfish

The ratfish is a relative of the shark. It has a rat like face and stays near the ocean floor looking floor its next meal. It likes to eat crunchy food like crabs or claims.

Abyssal zone

A giant squid lays approximately 30,000,000 eggs in a life time, but only 2 live to be adults. A giant squid can move anywhere its beak can fit

Hula skirt siphonophore

Hula Skirt Siphonophore

This siphonophore has a float and swimming bells. It's able to regulate its density by changing the amount of gas in its float. The float has a pore at the bottom that emits gas and can be refilled with secretions produced by a special gland.

Abyssal zone

abyssal zone questions

Why doesn’t light reach the abyssal zone?Is the abyssal the most highly populated and why?How many animals are in the abyssal zone, and how many are found?How do the creatures adjust to the darkness?How do the creatures get there food?What was invented that led to further study of the abyssal zone?

Abyssal zone

Name one fish that was recently discovered?What is the temperature of the abyssal zone?What is bioluminescence?What is salinity?The abyssal have high salinity or low salinity?What creatures are being hurt in the abyssal zone?What is salinity?What would happen if the food chain was disturbed?If you affect one zone of the ocean what will happen to the other zones?

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