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Tradegy. Tragedy. A tragedy, according to Aristotle, focuses on the effect of the play on the audience and on the nature of the tragic hero. The hero, he says, inspires “pity” and “fear” in the audience. The Tragic Hero. Is a man of noble stature.

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Tragedy
Tragedy

  • A tragedy, according to Aristotle, focuses on the effect of the play on the audience and on the nature of the tragic hero.

  • The hero, he says, inspires “pity” and “fear” in the audience.


The tragic hero
The Tragic Hero

  • Is a man of noble stature.

  • Is good, though not perfect, and his fall results from his committing “an act of injustice” either through ignorance or from a conviction that some greater good will be served.

  • His downfall is his own fault, the result of his own free choice.

  • His misfortune is not wholly deserved.

  • The tragic flaw is not pure loss. It involves, before his death, some gain in self-knowledge-a “discovery”-a change from ignorance to knowledge.

  • Does not leave its audience in a state of depression.


Revenge tragedy
Revenge Tragedy

Revenge tragedy-this play consists of a murder that has to be avenged by a relative of the victim.

Typically, the victim’s ghost appears to demand revenge, and invariably madness of some sort is worked into subsequent events, which ultimately result in the deaths of the murderer, the avenger, and a number of other characters.

Crime, madness, ghostly anguish, poison, overheard conversations, conspiracies, and a final scene littered with corpses.

How does Hamlet transcend the conventions of revenge tragedy?


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