The synagogue
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The Synagogue. Jewish place of prayer, community, and education Services daily but main service on Friday night and Saturday morning Requires a minyan = at least ten adults over the age of 13 Usually led by rabbi = religious leader and teacher. Interior. All Synagogues contain.

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The Synagogue

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The synagogue

The Synagogue


The synagogue

  • Jewish place of prayer, community, and education

  • Services daily but main service on Friday night and Saturday morning

  • Requires a minyan = at least ten adults over the age of 13

  • Usually led by rabbi = religious leader and teacher


Interior

Interior


All synagogues contain

All Synagogues contain . . .

  • AronKodesh – Holy Ark, holds Torah scrolls

    • After the Hebrews received the Ten Commandments, they were told to make an ark to house them

    • Each Torah is handwritten in Hebrew on parchment paper (animal skin)

    • Today, the Holy Ark sits on a raised platform in the synagogue, and contains the Torah scrolls.

  • NerTamid – “eternal light”, near the Ark

    • symbolizes the presence of God

  • Bimah – the lectern from which the Torah is read


The synagogue

Rabbi holding a Torah scroll – the scrolls are written in Hebrew by hand on parchment


The synagogue

  • An Eternal Light hangs above the Ark.

  • This light is always burning, as a symbol of God’s presence.


Ner tamid

Ner Tamid


Bimah

Bimah


The synagogue

  • Jews pray facing Jerusalem, so the synagogue wall containing the Holy Ark faces this direction.

  • Rabbis and elders sit along the wall which houses the Ark.


The synagogue

Orthodox synagogues separate men and women at worship. They have a divider called a mechitzah between the two sections of the synagogue.


Rabbi

Rabbi

  • He (or she in Reform and some Conservative communities) leads services, educates, and officiates at events like bar mitzvahs, weddings and funerals

  • It usually takes five years of postgraduate study to become a rabbi.


The menorah

The Menorah

  • One or two Menorah (seven branched candle sticks)are found close to the Ark.


Synagogue service

Synagogue Service

  • Service is led by the Rabbi and perhaps a cantor (leads sings and chanting of prayers and reads from Torah)

  • Service is often a mixture of Hebrew and English

  • Lasts between 30 and 90 minutes


The service

The Service:

  • Chanting of the Shema (their most important statement of beliefs) and Amidah (silent prayer in which they ask God for certain things)

  • Scripture readings

    • Writings

    • Psalms

    • Prophets

    • Torah

  • Sermon

  • Blessings


The synagogue

Different branches of Judaism have different attitudes towards these laws:

  • Orthodox – follow strictly, do not change

  • Conservative – some follow strictly, many follow a modified version, more flexible to change (ex. Giving women equal role in synagogue ritual)

  • Reform – following is up to the individual; many follow partially, only practice certain rituals which strengthen their relationship with God (ex. Sabbat and Kashrut are not observed, service in English)


Clothing during service

Clothing During Service

  • Yarmulke/Kippah:

    • Hat worn by men during service/worship to show their respect for God

  • Tallit:

    • prayer shawl while praying

    • Filfills one of the commandments

  • Tefillin:

    • Small leather boxes with straps that can be tied on the arm and around the head (serving God with body and mind)

    • Contain versus on parchment from 4 sections of the Torah

    • Reminder of God’s commandments

    • Not worn on Shabbat or festivals


Clothing worn during worship

Clothing worn during worship:

kippah

tallit

teffilin


The synagogue

  • Tour of Synagogue:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Z_gyc7yG_c

  • Service

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5vpKoj8a93s

  • How Jews Pray

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U5amPgrazeo


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