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Surrogacy and Cloning. By: Liz Dove, Ebony Staples, Taylor Cavette, Cassandra Johnson, Megan Canny, & Cassandra Kimberly. Surrogacy. Definition: woman who gestates a fetus for others, usually for a couple or another woman Traditional surrogacy Gestational surrogacy.

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surrogacy and cloning

Surrogacy and Cloning

By: Liz Dove, Ebony Staples, Taylor Cavette, Cassandra Johnson, Megan Canny, & Cassandra Kimberly

surrogacy
Surrogacy
  • Definition: woman who gestates a fetus for others, usually for a couple or another woman
    • Traditional surrogacy
    • Gestational surrogacy
purdy s stance on surrogacy
Purdy’s Stance on Surrogacy
  • Laura Purdy’s approach to surrogacy:
    • Pros:
      • Infertility
      • Health risks
      • Disease prevention
      • Non-traditional families
    • Cons:
      • Baby-selling
      • Potential for coercion
rothman s stance on surrogacy
Rothman’s Stance on Surrogacy
  • Paid surrogacy is baby-selling
  • Children are not for sale
  • Fetus is part of the maternal body
surrogacy interesting fact
Surrogacy – Interesting Fact
  • Traditional Surrogacy Fees
    • $40,000 - $65,000
  • Gestational Surrogacy Fees
    • $75,000 - $100,000
surrogacy major moral theories
Surrogacy – Major Moral Theories
  • Utilitarian
  • Rule-Utilitarian
  • Kantian
  • Natural Law Theory
surrogacy vs adoption
Surrogacy vs. Adoption
  • Surrogacy-
    • Genetic relation to child
    • Usually cheaper
  • Adoption
    • No genetic relation to child
    • Usually more expensive
    • More difficult to adopt due to scarcity of children
case of mary beth whitehead
Case of Mary Beth Whitehead
  • Over 20 years ago Whitehead was a surrogate mother for William and Elizabeth Sterns.
  • After the birth on March 27, 1986, Whitehead would not give the baby to the Stern’s and left the state with the infant.
cloning
Cloning
  • Definition: the asexual production of a genetically identical entity from an existing one
    • Important to understand a clone is not a perfect copy of an individual
    • Instead, a clone is a living thing that shares a set of genetic instructions with another
    • Video
cloning1
Cloning
  • Reproductive cloning
    • Creating a genetic duplicate of an adult animal or human
    • 1997 an adult sheep was cloned, which resulted in the birth of “Dolly”
the national academy of science s stance on cloning
The National Academy of Science’s Stance on Cloning
  • Clones, although identical will not be identical physically or characteristically
  • Clones experience different environments and nutritional inputs in utero
  • Different contributions made to each “twin”
david brock s stance on cloning
David Brock’s Stance on Cloning
  • The right to ignorance is not violated by cloning technology
  • The “twin” will still have an open future
cloning pros
Cloning – Pros

PROS

  • Solves problem of having a child with a genetic connection
  • Eliminates transfer of genetic disease or health risk
  • Eliminates shortage of organ donations or non-matching organ tissue types
cloning cons
Cloning- Cons

CONS

  • Violates the right to a unique identity for the resulting clone
  • Violates right to an open future
  • Unnatural and replaces natural procreation with the artificial manufacture of children
  • Higher number of birth defects
cloning major moral theories
Cloning – Major Moral Theories
  • Utilitarian

- Good verses bad consequences for everyone involved

-Cloning is morally admissible

-Rule Utilitarian’s view

-My View’s on Cloning

cloning major moral theories1
Cloning-Major Moral Theories
  • Kantian Deontology

-Kant states, “Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own words or in the person of any other, never simply as a means, but always at the same time as an end.”

-It is possible by this theory to oppose or defend cloning.

cloning major moral theories2
Cloning-Major Moral Theories
  • Natural Law Theory

-Moral standards discerned in nature through human reason

-Doctrine of Double Effect

-Backed by Roman Catholic Church

-Morally impermissible

conclusion
Conclusion

Cloning- Major Moral Theories

-Utilitarian

-Kantian Deontology

-Natural Law Theory

references
References

Adoption.com. (2010). Surrogacy. Retrieved from http://adopting.adoption.com/child/surrogacy.html

Discovery Networks. (2009 April 29). Human cloning [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7tbxN5uwaqA

JNJ Health. (2009, December 7). Gestational surrogacy [Video file].

Retrieved from

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2VcxbAgrWMc&feature=related

U.S. Department of Energy Genome Program. (2010). Cloning Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/cloning.shtml

Vaughn, L. (2010). Bioethics: Principles, issues, and cases. New York, NY: Oxford.

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