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Surrogacy and Cloning. By: Liz Dove, Ebony Staples, Taylor Cavette, Cassandra Johnson, Megan Canny, & Cassandra Kimberly. Surrogacy. Definition: woman who gestates a fetus for others, usually for a couple or another woman Traditional surrogacy Gestational surrogacy.

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Surrogacy and cloning

Surrogacy and Cloning

By: Liz Dove, Ebony Staples, Taylor Cavette, Cassandra Johnson, Megan Canny, & Cassandra Kimberly


  • Definition: woman who gestates a fetus for others, usually for a couple or another woman

    • Traditional surrogacy

    • Gestational surrogacy

Purdy s stance on surrogacy
Purdy’s Stance on Surrogacy

  • Laura Purdy’s approach to surrogacy:

    • Pros:

      • Infertility

      • Health risks

      • Disease prevention

      • Non-traditional families

    • Cons:

      • Baby-selling

      • Potential for coercion

Rothman s stance on surrogacy
Rothman’s Stance on Surrogacy

  • Paid surrogacy is baby-selling

  • Children are not for sale

  • Fetus is part of the maternal body

Surrogacy interesting fact
Surrogacy – Interesting Fact

  • Traditional Surrogacy Fees

    • $40,000 - $65,000

  • Gestational Surrogacy Fees

    • $75,000 - $100,000

Surrogacy major moral theories
Surrogacy – Major Moral Theories

  • Utilitarian

  • Rule-Utilitarian

  • Kantian

  • Natural Law Theory

Surrogacy vs adoption
Surrogacy vs. Adoption

  • Surrogacy-

    • Genetic relation to child

    • Usually cheaper

  • Adoption

    • No genetic relation to child

    • Usually more expensive

    • More difficult to adopt due to scarcity of children

Case of mary beth whitehead
Case of Mary Beth Whitehead

  • Over 20 years ago Whitehead was a surrogate mother for William and Elizabeth Sterns.

  • After the birth on March 27, 1986, Whitehead would not give the baby to the Stern’s and left the state with the infant.


  • Definition: the asexual production of a genetically identical entity from an existing one

    • Important to understand a clone is not a perfect copy of an individual

    • Instead, a clone is a living thing that shares a set of genetic instructions with another

    • Video


  • Reproductive cloning

    • Creating a genetic duplicate of an adult animal or human

    • 1997 an adult sheep was cloned, which resulted in the birth of “Dolly”

The national academy of science s stance on cloning
The National Academy of Science’s Stance on Cloning

  • Clones, although identical will not be identical physically or characteristically

  • Clones experience different environments and nutritional inputs in utero

  • Different contributions made to each “twin”

David brock s stance on cloning
David Brock’s Stance on Cloning

  • The right to ignorance is not violated by cloning technology

  • The “twin” will still have an open future

Cloning pros
Cloning – Pros


  • Solves problem of having a child with a genetic connection

  • Eliminates transfer of genetic disease or health risk

  • Eliminates shortage of organ donations or non-matching organ tissue types

Cloning cons
Cloning- Cons


  • Violates the right to a unique identity for the resulting clone

  • Violates right to an open future

  • Unnatural and replaces natural procreation with the artificial manufacture of children

  • Higher number of birth defects

Cloning major moral theories
Cloning – Major Moral Theories

  • Utilitarian

    - Good verses bad consequences for everyone involved

    -Cloning is morally admissible

    -Rule Utilitarian’s view

    -My View’s on Cloning

Cloning major moral theories1
Cloning-Major Moral Theories

  • Kantian Deontology

    -Kant states, “Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own words or in the person of any other, never simply as a means, but always at the same time as an end.”

    -It is possible by this theory to oppose or defend cloning.

Cloning major moral theories2
Cloning-Major Moral Theories

  • Natural Law Theory

    -Moral standards discerned in nature through human reason

    -Doctrine of Double Effect

    -Backed by Roman Catholic Church

    -Morally impermissible


Cloning- Major Moral Theories


-Kantian Deontology

-Natural Law Theory

References (2010). Surrogacy. Retrieved from

Discovery Networks. (2009 April 29). Human cloning [Video file]. Retrieved from

JNJ Health. (2009, December 7). Gestational surrogacy [Video file].

Retrieved from

U.S. Department of Energy Genome Program. (2010). Cloning Fact Sheet. Retrieved from

Vaughn, L. (2010). Bioethics: Principles, issues, and cases. New York, NY: Oxford.