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Eurostars – A Joint Programming Initiative. Implementation and Impacts G eorg Licht Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) Mannheim Innovation: Engine for Economic Growth Sofia October 31 2014. Agenda. What is Joint Programming? What is Eurostars? Virtues and Vices of Eurostars

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Agenda

Eurostars – A Joint Programming Initiative.Implementation and ImpactsGeorg LichtCentrefor European Economic Research (ZEW)Mannheim Innovation: Engine forEconomic GrowthSofiaOctober 31 2014


Agenda

Agenda

  • What is Joint Programming?

  • What is Eurostars?

  • Virtues and Vices of Eurostars

  • Potential Impacts


What is joint programming

What is Joint Programming?

  • R&D programmes jointly financed and governed by the European and the level of member countries of the EU

  • Article 185 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) = Lisbon Treaty

    “In implementing the multiannual framework programme, the Union may make provision, in agreement with the Member States concerned, for participation in research and development programmes undertaken by several Member States, including participation in the structures created for the execution of those programmes”.


Joint programming examples

Joint Programming - Examples

  • FP6 2002 bis 2006

    • European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP)

  • FP7 2007-2013

    • Ambient Assisted Living (AAL)

    • Eurostars

    • European Metrology Research Programme (EMRP)

    • Joint Baltic Sea Research Programme (BONUS4


Joint programming examples ii

Joint Programming – Examples II

  • Horizon 2020 (FP“8“ 2014-2020)

    • Alzheimer and other Neurodegenerative Diseases (JPND)

    • Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change (FACCE)

    • A Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life

    • Cultural Heritage and Global Change

    • Urban Europe - Global Urban Challenges

    • Connecting Climate Knowledge for Europe (CliK’EU)

    • More Years, Better Lives

    • AntimicrobialResistance – The Microbial Challenge

    • Water Challenges for a Changing World

    • Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans


What is eurostars

Whatis Eurostars?

  • Programme tofoster R&D in SMEs in member countries of EU andseveralassociated countries (Switzerland, Israel, Norway, Iceland, Turkey)

  • Near-marketresearch (twoyeartillproduct/serviceintroduction in themarket after project end)

  • Lead partner: R&D intensity >10% (R&D spending/turnoveror R&D employees/total employment)

  • Minimum: 2 partnersfrom 2 participating countries

  • Partners: Firm ofanysize; universities; publicresearchinstitute

  • Bottom-upapproach open to all technologiesand all industries

  • Project: <3 years; typicalsizeof EUR 0.8-2 million


Joint programming in eurostars

Joint Programming in Eurostars

  • EU fundfrom FP7: upto EUR 100 millionconditioned on a contributionfrommemberstatesof EUR 300 million; Hence, EU shareis not morethan 25%

  • Responsibleforimplementation: EUREKA

  • Centralisedevaluationanddecentralisedfundingdecisions(eachcountryfinanceonlyparticipantsfromtheircountry)

  • Internet-basedapplication via EUREKA website;

    • 2008-2009: Onecall per year; 2010-2013:Two calls per years

  • Evaluation bytwotechnicalexperts (different countries, excludingthehome countries ofapplicants)

  • Quality-basedrankingof all projectsbyevaluationpanel (Ranking list)


Project ranking and funding in virtual vs common pot system

Project Ranking andFunding in Virtual vs. Common Pot System


Virtues and vices of virtual vs common pot system

VirtuesandVicesofVirtual vs. Common Pot System

  • Positiv:

    • Incentive effectfor national fundingprovision

    • Eachcountryonlyfundparticipantsfromthereowncountry(andreceive a top-up on itsownresources out of EU funds)

    • Eachcountrycanselecttheamountofmoneyitcanaffordtofund R&D in SMEs cooperatingwith international partners

    • Learning frompartnerhowtobestfund SME R&D projects

    • International platformforcompetition on thebestavailable SME R&D projects

  • Negativ:

    • High coordinationeffortneeded


Potential impacts

Potential Impacts

  • Innovation in newproducts / services /process

  • Improvementof IP position

  • Improve EU widevisibility

  • Easemarketexcessto large markets in Europe throughcollaborationin the R&D phaseand also themarketintroductionphase

  • Easy fundingprocedureand quick decision on technicalqualityofproject

  • Relative smalleffortneedfordevelopmentoftheproposal

  • Technological openessallowsfor high flexibility in contentofthe R&D project


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