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Designing tools for enhanced monitoring of railway safety performance of the European Union and its Member States. Vojtech EKSLER & Cecilia LIND Safety Unit. Part I: Introducing SMS for Europe. Introduction (1). “You cannot manage what you cannot measure.” Kelvin, Kaplan

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slide1

Designing tools for enhanced monitoring of railway safety performance of the European Union and its Member States

Vojtech EKSLER & Cecilia LIND

SafetyUnit

slide2

Part I:

  • Introducing SMS for Europe
introduction 1
Introduction (1)
  • “You cannot manage what you cannot measure.”
  • Kelvin, Kaplan
  • …so you cannot improve what you cannot monitor.
  • Railway safety management in Europe has been evolving into a three management layer system (Railway Undertakings, National Safety Authorities, ERA) with each having distinct responsibilities.
  • Tools for each levels are needed for effective management.
introduction 2
Introduction (2)

Safety monitoring through outcomes:

Fatal train collisions and derailments per billion train-km in the EU

introduction 3
Introduction (3)
  • PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION
  • Less than ten fatal train collisions and derailments per year at EU level.
  • With continuous improvement in railway safety, relying on accident data becomes unsustainable.
  • Difficult to improve the system with accident data only (reactive approach).
  • EU and national regulators rely on analytical approaches that is only one element of system approach to safety.
sms for europe 1
SMS for Europe (1)
  • Concept of an SMS applied until now only at the operators’ level to be extended to national (MSs) and supranational (EU) level.
  • Hazards are not always limited geographically and sometimes their identification may only be possible when considering relevant data available across the EU.
  • SMS for Europe should add value, not replace the existing system at national level.
sms for europe 2
SMS for Europe (2)
  • First building blocks of the European SMS:
  • EU/National safety plans
    • Enabling legal framework currently under discussion with MSs
  • Common database of occurrences
    • Top-level occurrences to be mandatory shared at EU level, lower-level occurrences reported in a harmonized way
  • Enhanced monitoring
    • Enhanced monitoring of outcomes and system monitoring (regulatory regime).
enhanced monitoring
Enhanced monitoring
  • Two parts: Outcomes monitoring and regulatory regime monitoring

I

II

enhanced monitoring of outcomes
Enhanced monitoring of outcomes
  • Current legal framework for outcomes reporting in the EU
  • Based on a study for ERA by TRL (UK)
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Part II:

  • Monitoring regulatory regime performance
theoretical basis
Theoretical basis
  • Stems from modern management theories, notably Stewhart’s cycle for continuous improvements and quality control
  • Other sources: ISO standards, safety management in othersectors, studyby DNV for ERA
example of application 2
Example of application (2)

2.1 Establishment and responsibilities

areas for use
Areas for use
  • Prioritise ERA tasks
  • Input to safety analysis (trends)
  • Voluntary health checks of individual MSs
  • Input to work-streams and missions
  • Impact assessments
timing
Timing
  • PART I:
  • New legal framework in 2014
  • Preparatory works ongoing
  • PART II
  • Currently running a pilot with 5 countries
  • Evaluation by summer 2014
thank you for your attention
Thankyou for your attention!
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