Key Differences The U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. Constitutional Qualifications. House of Representatives Article I, Sec. 2:
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The U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate
House of Representatives
Article I, Sec. 2:
“No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.”
Article I, Sec. 3:
“No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.”
U.S. House: Size
Article I, Sec. 2
“The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative...” (Reapportionmentand Redistricting)
House of Reps. in 1789… 65 Reps. (13 states)
House of Reps. in 2013(since 1913)… 435 Reps.
Washington D.C., American Samoa, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, Mariana Islands and Puerto Ricoeach have 1 non-voting “Delegate”
435 Congressional Districts spread throughout the 50 states + 6 Delegates = 441 Total Representatives
If original standards were still upheld today, the House of Representatives would have 10,400 Reps.!
ONE Representative represents ONE Congressional District…
…which equals about 715,000 constituents!
U.S. Senate: Size
Article I, Sec. 3
“The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each Statechosen by the Legislature thereof…”
Senatein 1789… 26 Senators (13 states)
Senatein 2013… 100 Senators (since 1959)
“The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof…”
* EACH senator representsAN ENTIRE STATE!
U.S. HOUSE: Terms
Article I, Sec. 2“The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States…”
U.S. SENATE: Terms
Article I, Sec. 3
“The Senate of the United States… Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year…”
Article I, Section 3:
Senate Class Structure
POTUS nominations take effect only when confirmed by the Senate…
…and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote!