Barton W. Stone  Alexander Campbell

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Barton W. Stone Alexander Campbell

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1. Barton W. Stone & Alexander Campbell

2. Life & Work of BARTON W. STONE Birth and early influences Education and the beginning of religious interests The making of a preacher In 1798, Stone appeared before the Transylvania Presbytery for ordination. He was asked: “Do you receive and adopt the Confession of Faith, as containing the system of doctrine as taught in the Bible?” He replied: “I do, as far as I see it consistent with the Word of God.”

3. Life & Work of BARTON W. STONE Doctrinal questions Stone noticed that the doctrine of Calvinism and the practice of encouraging men to repent and believe were contradictory. Stone began to preach the universal nature of the gospel (as per John 3:16; Titus 2:11). Stone’s greatest contribution: the promotion of unity The Last Will and Testament of the Springfield Presbytery (1804)

4. Raccoon John Smith said: “Let us, then my brethren, be no longer Campbellites or Stoneites, New Lights or Old Lights, or any other kind of lights, but let us come to the Bible and to the Bible alone, as the only book in the world that can give us all the light we need.” (1831)

5. Life & Work of BARTON W. STONE Questions about baptism Uniting with Campbell Stone’s death: November 9, 1844

6. About Barton W. Stone “To be sure his talent was not, perhaps, quite so brilliant as some others; but his acquaintance with the Scriptures was extensive and critical, and a more humble, conscientious and pious man cannot be found. If Justice is ever done to his memory, he will be regarded as the first great American reformer,--the first man, who, to much purpose, pleaded the ground that the Bible, without note, commentary, or creed, must destroy antichristian powers, and eventually conquer the world…A man more devoted to Christianity, has not lived nor died, and many stars will adorn his crown in a coming day.” --Tolbert Fanning (December, 1844)

7. Life & Work of ALEXANDER CAMPBELL Birth and early influences Reunion and the principle of restoration The Declaration and Address Upon examining the text, Alexander expressed his approval and stated his desire to spend his life proclaiming the principles contained in it.

8. A Commentary on the Declaration & Address “But, note again, the Declaration and Address proposes Christian unity on the basis of restored N. T. practice by direct appeal to the N. T. as the only standard of faith and practice. The Disciples have preserved the objective of unity; we the method of restoration. Most Disciples have abandoned restoration as a method and seek unity on the basis of broad religious principles and toleration rather than a resolution of differences. We on the other hand, have salvation as the prime objective of restoration, and unity as secondary and the natural result of a a restored oneness of doctrine.” --Jay Smith (1961 Abilene Christian Lectures)

9. Life & Work of ALEXANDER CAMPBELL Constant themes: Truth “Often I have said, and often have I written, that truth, truth eternal and divine, is now, and has long been with me the pearl of great price. To her I will, with the blessing of God, sacrifice everything. But on no alter will I offer her a victim. If I have lost sight of her, God who searcheth the hearts knows I have not done it intentionally. With my whole heart I have sought the truth, and I know that I have found it.” --Alexander Campbell (Millennial Harbinger, 1830)

10. Life & Work of ALEXANDER CAMPBELL The presentation of truth Regarding infant baptism Regarding the purpose of baptism Regarding the distinction between the covenants

11. Life & Work of ALEXANDER CAMPBELL The defense of truth Campbell / Walker (1820 on Baptism) Campbell / McCalla (1823 on Baptism) Campbell / Owen (1829 on The Evidences of Christianity) Campbell / Purcell (1837 on Romanism v. Protestantism) Campbell / Rice (1842 on The Plea for N. T. Christianity v. The Westminster Confession of Faith) Campbell said: “And we are fully persuaded that a week’s debating is worth a year’s preaching, such as we generally have, for the purpose of disseminating truth and putting error out of countenance.” (Memoirs, vol. II, p. 90)

12. Life & Work of ALEXANDER CAMPBELL The defense of truth In writings The Christian Baptist (1823-1829) The Millennial Harbinger (1830-1863) In teaching Established Bethany College (1841)

13. Life & Work of ALEXANDER CAMPBELL Campbell described how to achieve unity: “Let the BIBLE be substituted for all human creeds; FACTS, for definitions; THINGS, for words; FAITH, for speculation; UNITY OF FAITH, for unity of opinion; THE POSITIVE COMMANDS OF GOD, for human legislation and tradition; PIETY, for ceremony; MORALITY, for partisan zeal, THE PRACTICE OF RELIGION, for the mere profession of it: and the work is done.” (The Christian System, p. 90).

14. Life & Work of ALEXANDER CAMPBELL Campbell wrote: “I have no idea of adding to the catalogue of new sects. This game has been played too long. I labor to see sectarianism abolished, and all Christians of every name united upon the one foundation on which the apostolic church was founded.” (Christian Baptist, 1826)

15. Life & Work of ALEXANDER CAMPBELL Campbell and the Missionary Society Campbell and the Instrument Campbell’s Death: March 4, 1866

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