You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in Chinese. 1. How many people are there in your family?. 2. Whose picture is this?. 3. Does Mr. Li have a son?. 4. What do your Mom and Dad do for a living?. Kinship Terms:. 子. 女儿. Classifier:. Interrogative QW:. Verb:.
You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in Chinese
1. How many people are there in your family?
2. Whose picture is this?
3. Does Mr. Li have a son?
4. What do your Mom and Dad do for a living?
Is this boy your little brother?
Same as numerals, when demonstrative pronouns are followed by a noun, a classifier is required in between.
son, child, seed, egg, small thing
possesive, adjectival suffix
Why 的 can be omitted?
Why 的 can not be omitted?
(Ref. IC Textbook P. 54 & 57)
Wang Peng's brother
Brother Wang Peng
Important Grammar: When 的 de can be omitted?
(RosettaStone L1 U2 Lesson 1)
Statute, regulation, principle
Is your dad lawyer?
cure, heal, doctor, medical
to shine, illumine, reflect
Little Gao, is that photo yours?
一片 (used as a classifier)
slice, splinter, strip
Can 个 always be used as a substitute for another classifier without changing the meaning of the phrase?
not, have not, none
Do you have ...?
have, possess, own, exist
all, both, entirely (due to) each
Adverbs （都、也，不，没） & Verbs（是，有）
Not all of … are
None of … have
Not all of … have
None of … are
Not have, either
·没 is always used to negate 有. However, to say “not all of …have”, we say in Chinese “不都有” rather than 没都有. (Text book, P. 63)
都- 不& 没
都 can occur before or after negation.The relative position of都 and negation influences the meaning of the sentence.
Negation 不+ 都indicates that the negated predicate does not refer to all of the noun phrase
(Text book P. 63)
都 + Negation 不、没indicates that the negated predicate refers to the entire noun phrase
Words order – 也，不，都
·I am American.
·I am also American.
·We both are American.
·I am not a college student.
·I am not a college student, either.
·None of us are college students.
·Not all of us are college students.
Words order – 也，没，都
·Eric has a younger brother.
·Steve also has a younger brother.
·Eric and Steve both have a younger brother.
·John doesn’t have any elder sisters.
·Mike doesn’t have any elder sisters , either.
·None of them has any elder sisters.
(them: John, Mike)
·Chris has two elder sisters.
·Not all of them have elder sister.
(them: John, Mike & Chris)
work, make, act
, to do
focusing sentence structure
Your parents do what for a living?
What do your parents do for a living?
What are your parent's jobs?
literature, culture, writing
·Pigs used to be a symbol of prosperity in Chinese family.
·Home is a roof 宀 on a standing pig 豕, where pigs are sheltered.
·家: (home) indicates that pigs lived around/inside human dwellings.
·父 (Fù): father, considered as the chief and instructor of his family. This character contains a right hand and a stick. 父is a radical in the character 爸.
·爸: is a pictophonetic character. It means “dad”, and has the same spelling as 巴, which is “ba”. 爸爸 this phrase is pronounced as “bàba”.
Mom and Dad
Little Wang's Mom
哥 - Gē
·哥 is the character 可 repeated twice.
·可：to send forth 口 a breath.
·歌: (Gē) means “to sing”, expression of satisfaction. The primitive singing consisted probably of a succession of cadenced exclamations of joy. Later,哥 became the appellative of an older brother, and took the pronunciation of歌.
What is the opposite word for 哥哥?
·A thread that is wound on a spool, having a catch on the top, and a winch at the bottom.
·Primitive instrument, reel and bobbin.
·Succession of brothers, younger brothers.
What is the opposite word for 弟弟?
Translate: Do you have sisters?
几 - Jǐ
·几: how many
- question word for the small numbers, eg. below 10;
- usually it is bound with a classifier. eg.
几个...(几个人？How many people?)
几张...(几张床？How many beds?)
·几: originally meant a seat, a stool. It can be a radical indicating a seat in a character.
·茶几: 茶 means “tea”,”茶几” together refers to the furniture - coffee table.
个 - Gè
·A twig of bamboo with a knot.
·个 is the most commonly used measure word (classifier). Sometimes it is used as a substitute for other measure words.
·Example: 一个人, 两个人, 三个人
will learn this later
If 人 is teacher, student, female student, female teacher, dad, older brother, etc. we can say:
On the RosettaStone Unit 2 Lesson 1, we have:
Classifier (Measure Word)
a glass of water
Classifier can not be misused.
sì zhī zhū
两 – Liǎng
two elder sisters
·Chinese, same as English, the word “couple” often replaces “二”.
·两 means couple, and has its origin in two weights balancing as they hang from a simple scale.
·两 is also used to indicate a unit of weight, ounce.
·When two is followed by a classifier (measure word), for example: two of something, it is read as 两.
the 2nd elder sis
(ref. IC Textbook P. 62)
·张: (proper n.) Family name
·张: (classifier, measure word), is associated with object with flat surfaces. eg. 一张照片
·张: (verb) open
yì zhāng chuáng
一 张 床
·高: a kind of pavilion, raised upon a substructure. An elevated place, high, lofty. 口 represents the hall under the building.
·高: (adj.) tall, high
(proper noun), family name （中国人的姓）
Translate the following phrases:
·禾(hé) – grain
·Put mouth to the grain is a “good thing”. The character 和 means “harmony”. The conjunction of mouth with grain is so natural that this character also means “and” .
·Usage: can’t link two clauses or two sentences as “and” can in English. (P.57)
My dad is a teacher, and my mom is a doctor.
Mom & Dad
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