You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in Chinese
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You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in Chinese PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in Chinese. 1. How many people are there in your family?. 2. Whose picture is this?. 3. Does Mr. Li have a son?. 4. What do your Mom and Dad do for a living?. Kinship Terms:. 子. 女儿. Classifier:. Interrogative QW:. Verb:.

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You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in Chinese

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You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in Chinese

1. How many people are there in your family?

2. Whose picture is this?

3. Does Mr. Li have a son?

4. What do your Mom and Dad do for a living?


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

Kinship Terms:

女儿

Classifier:

Interrogative QW:

Verb:

Important Grammar:

Profession:

Other:


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

hái

Child

孩子:child

男孩子:boy

女孩子:girl

那个女孩子:that girl

这个男孩子是你弟弟吗?

Is this boy your little brother?


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

Demonstrative Pronoun:

zhè

this

that

那个人

这个人

那些人

这些人

Same as numerals, when demonstrative pronouns are followed by a noun, a classifier is required in between.


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

children

儿子

女儿

妈妈 =

爸爸 =


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

son

儿子

prince

王子

boy,young fellow

小子

son, child, seed, egg, small thing

noun suffix

日子

本子

男子

女子

老子


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

de

有的人,some people

我的老师

爸爸的朋友

possesive, adjectival suffix

谁的

A: 这是谁的哥哥?

C: 这是我哥哥。

B: 这是王朋的哥哥。

Why 的 can be omitted?

Why 的 can not be omitted?

(Ref. IC Textbook P. 54 & 57)

王朋的哥哥= 王朋哥哥?

Wang Peng's brother

Brother Wang Peng


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

Important Grammar: When 的 de can be omitted?

(RosettaStone L1 U2 Lesson 1)


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

lawyer

律师

法律

law

same

一律

Statute, regulation, principle

Is your dad lawyer?

你爸爸是律师吗?

是,他是律师。

不,他不是律师。


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

cure, heal, doctor, medical

医学

běi

什么是西?

医生

医师

dōng

西医

中医

nán

小王的妈妈是医生吗?


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

zhào

to shine, illumine, reflect

/灬

照片

Photo, picture

照明

lighting, illumination

小高,那张照片是你的吗?(L2D1)

Little Gao, is that photo yours?


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

piàn

照片

一片 (used as a classifier)

两片

三片

slice, splinter, strip

Can 个 always be used as a substitute for another classifier without changing the meaning of the phrase?

一个西瓜

一片西瓜


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

méi

有人吗?

(Anybody?)

没有人。

(Nobody.)

not, have not, none

有没有

Do you have ...?

你有哥哥吗?

你有没有哥哥?

我有哥哥。

有,我有哥哥。

我没有哥哥。

没有,我没有哥哥。


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

right hand

meat

have, possess, own, exist


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

dōu

all, both, entirely (due to) each

不都是

不都有

都不是

都没有

都不是

都没有

都是

都有

不都是

不都有

不都是

不都有

都不是

都没有


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

Adverbs (都、也,不,没) & Verbs(是,有)

Not all of … are

None of … have

Not have

Not, either

Not all of … have

None of … are

Am/is/are not

Not have, either

·不是

·没有

·也不是

·也没有

·都不是

·都没有

·不都是

·不都有


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

都& 没

·没 is always used to negate 有. However, to say “not all of …have”, we say in Chinese “不都有” rather than 没都有. (Text book, P. 63)

·√不都有

·X没都有


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

都- 不& 没

都 can occur before or after negation.The relative position of都 and negation influences the meaning of the sentence.

·Partial Negation

不+ 都是

不+ 都有

Negation 不+ 都indicates that the negated predicate does not refer to all of the noun phrase

(Text book P. 63)

·Complete Negation

都+ 不是

都+ 没有

都 + Negation 不、没indicates that the negated predicate refers to the entire noun phrase


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

Words order – 也,不,都

·I am American.

·I am also American.

·We both are American.

·I am not a college student.

·I am not a college student, either.

·None of us are college students.

·Not all of us are college students.


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

Words order – 也,没,都

·Eric has a younger brother.

·Steve also has a younger brother.

·Eric and Steve both have a younger brother.

·John doesn’t have any elder sisters.

·Mike doesn’t have any elder sisters , either.

·None of them has any elder sisters.

(them: John, Mike)

·Chris has two elder sisters.

·Not all of them have elder sister.

(them: John, Mike & Chris)


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

zuò

+ Object

什么

work, make, act

, to do

focusing sentence structure

你爸爸、妈妈是做什么的?

你爸爸、妈妈做什么?

做法

method, procedure

Your parents do what for a living?

to behave

做人

What do your parents do for a living?

What are your parent's jobs?

这是谁做的?

这是Mitch做的?


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

wén

literature, culture, writing

文字

文学

Britain

英国人

英文

英国

China

中文

中国人

中国

Japan

日文

日本

日本人

法文

France

法国

法国人

Germany

德国

德国人

德文

Candad

加拿大

加拿大人

英文

America

美国

美国人

英文


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

shéi

shéi

who

whose

hái

zhè

这个女孩子是谁?

这个女孩子是Paula.

这是谁的?

这是我的。


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

家- Jiā

home, family

·Pigs used to be a symbol of prosperity in Chinese family.

·Home is a roof 宀 on a standing pig 豕, where pigs are sheltered.

·家: (home) indicates that pigs lived around/inside human dwellings.

大家

Your family

家人

My family


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

·父 (Fù): father, considered as the chief and instructor of his family. This character contains a right hand and a stick. 父is a radical in the character 爸.

·爸: is a pictophonetic character. It means “dad”, and has the same spelling as 巴, which is “ba”. 爸爸 this phrase is pronounced as “bàba”.


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

中文

英文

爸爸和妈妈

Mom and Dad

My Mom

我妈妈

Little Wang's Mom

小王的(de)妈妈

Grandma

爸爸的妈妈/妈妈的妈妈

Step-mother

hòu妈


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

哥 - Gē

·哥 is the character 可 repeated twice.

·可:to send forth 口 a breath.

·歌: (Gē) means “to sing”, expression of satisfaction. The primitive singing consisted probably of a succession of cadenced exclamations of joy. Later,哥 became the appellative of an older brother, and took the pronunciation of歌.

What is the opposite word for 哥哥?


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

·A thread that is wound on a spool, having a catch on the top, and a winch at the bottom.

·Primitive instrument, reel and bobbin.

·Succession of brothers, younger brothers.

What is the opposite word for 弟弟?


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

meì

younger sister

older sister

姐姐

妹妹

姐妹

大姐

sisters

小妹

Translate: Do you have sisters?


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

几 - Jǐ

·几: how many

- question word for the small numbers, eg. below 10;

- usually it is bound with a classifier. eg.

几个...(几个人?How many people?)

几张...(几张床?How many beds?)

·几: originally meant a seat, a stool. It can be a radical indicating a seat in a character.

·茶几: 茶 means “tea”,”茶几” together refers to the furniture - coffee table.


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

个 - Gè

·个: unit

·A twig of bamboo with a knot.

·个 is the most commonly used measure word (classifier). Sometimes it is used as a substitute for other measure words.

·Example: 一个人, 两个人, 三个人

will learn this later

If 人 is teacher, student, female student, female teacher, dad, older brother, etc. we can say:

一个老师、一个学生、一个女学生、一个女老师、一个爸爸、一个哥哥

On the RosettaStone Unit 2 Lesson 1, we have:

一位先生、一位警察、一个女人


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

Classifier (Measure Word)

计量词

中文

英文

Singular form

one man

一个男人

Countable noun

Plural form

three students

三个学生

Singular/Plural

a glass of water

一杯水

Uncountable noun

noun

numberal

classifier

+

+

Conclusion:

1.

人/老师

Classifier can not be misused.

2.

sì zhī zhū

四只猪

四个猪

一个

四个

两个

三个


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

两 – Liǎng

two elder sisters

两个姐姐

·Chinese, same as English, the word “couple” often replaces “二”.

·两 means couple, and has its origin in two weights balancing as they hang from a simple scale.

·两 is also used to indicate a unit of weight, ounce.

·When two is followed by a classifier (measure word), for example: two of something, it is read as 两.

the 2nd elder sis

二姐姐

(ref. IC Textbook P. 62)


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

zhāng

·张: (proper n.) Family name

·张: (classifier, measure word), is associated with object with flat surfaces. eg. 一张照片

·张: (verb) open

(张是中国人的一个姓。)

(RosettaStone)

yì zhāng chuáng

一 张 床

One bed


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

Gāo

·高: a kind of pavilion, raised upon a substructure. An elevated place, high, lofty. 口 represents the hall under the building.

·高: (adj.) tall, high

(proper noun), family name (中国人的姓)

- 您贵姓?

- 我姓高。

Translate the following phrases:

Mr. Gao

Junior Gao

Senior Gao

高先生

老高

小高


You will be able to ask and answer the following questions in chinese

和- Hé

·禾(hé) – grain

·Put mouth to the grain is a “good thing”. The character 和 means “harmony”. The conjunction of mouth with grain is so natural that this character also means “and” .

·Usage: can’t link two clauses or two sentences as “and” can in English. (P.57)

My dad is a teacher, and my mom is a doctor.

我爸爸是老师,我妈妈是医生。(Correct)

我爸爸是老师,和我妈妈是医生。(Wrong)

Mom & Dad

爸爸和妈妈

- 你有姐妹吗?

- 有,我有一个姐姐和一个妹妹。

Watch video "2008 Beijing Olympic Opening Ceremony" episode


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