BACTERIA. WHAT IS BACTERIA – a single celled organism that is a prokaryote THREE BASIC SHAPES OF BACTERIA ARE ROD-LIKE SPHERICAL SPIRAL. SHAPES OF BACTERIA CHOLERA. SHAPES OF BACTERIA GONORRHEA. SHAPES OF BACTERIA MENINGITIS. STRUCTURE OF BACTERIA. CELL WALL CELL MEMBRANE CYTOPLASM
ARCHEABACTERIA –live in extreme environments, ex. Hot springs, acid, intestines, mud, sewage
EUBACTERIA – in your body, useful or harmless to you,
Asexual/binary fission – Reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that is identical to the parent. MITOSIS?
Sexual/conjugation – one bacterium transfers its genetic material into another bacterium.
Figure 13 page 196 in your book
FOOD – Autotrophs and heterotrophs
RESPIRATION – process of breaking down food to release energy. Most need oxygen, some do not.
ENDOSPORE FORMATION – when conditions are unfavorable for growth. In order to survive these conditions bacteria need to form endospores, a small, rounded, thick walled, resting cell that form inside a bacterial cell.
Can resist freezing, heating, and drying
FUEL – Natural gas, Bacteria produce the methane gas used for fuel
FOOD – Bacteria help make certain foods buy giving the food its flavor and structure.
Example – cheese, yogurt, apple cider, olives, sauerkraut
ENVIRONMENT – Recycling, act as decomposers
Cleanup – breakdown oil and dangerous chemicals
INCLUDES DISEASES SUCH AS THE FOLLOWING: