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تكون بسيطة أو معقدة حسب مهام هذا النشاط. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ولتصحيح هذا المسار الذى يؤدى إلى تدهور التعليم وإهدار للطاقات والجهد والمال لا بد للنظم التربوية القائمة أن تعيد النظر فى تنظيم مناهجها بحيث تحقق البنية المنظومية التى يراعى فيها المدى والتتابع والتكامل والتناغم كما يراعى فيها الترابـــــط بيــــــن المعرفـــــة والمهــــــارة والوجـــــــــدان.

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تكون بسيطة أو معقدة حسب مهام هذا النشاط.

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4466618

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. .

.

.

( - - - ) .


4466618

.

( ) :

.

(24 8) .


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( ) .

.

.

: .


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:

(1)

.


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.

(2): .

(3)

(4)

(2)

(1)

(2)


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(3): .

(1)

(4)

(2)

(3)

(3)


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(5)

(1)

(3)

(6)

(4)

(2)

:

(4):


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.

. .

  • .

(2)

(3)

(5)

(4)


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5

(1)

(5)

(3)

( (

( (

(6)

(4)

(2)

(1)

(1)

(5)

(5)

) (

(3)

(3)

(6)

(6)

(4)

(2)

(4)

(2)

)(

)(

)(

)

(

(1)

(5)

(3)

(6)

(5)

(4)

(2)

)(


4466618

2

2

2

2+

4-

4

2

8+

2

2

8-

2-

. : (2 4 8 16):

:

) 6)


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16

8

4

2

:

.

.

12 .


4466618

8

16

2

8

14 +

14-

4

4

4

4

6 +

12 +

-12

2

2

8 +

8 -

2 -

2

2 +

- 6

2

- 4

8

4

4 +

2

2

:

(7)


4466618

:

1- .

2- .

3- (24) .

: .

4- 24 .

5- .


4466618

4

4

16

4

8

4

2

2

2

2

2

4

-14

16

2

+14

+8

-8

-2

+2

-4

8

4

+4

8

16

8

4

8

2

  • : ( ):

2- :

2

6 -

2 +

6 +

2 -

4 +

4 -


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3- :

2

4

2 +

2

6 +

4 +

8

4

2

2

4

2

6 -

2 -

2

4 -

8

4

4- :


4466618

: :

:

:

(1):

8 + 4 = 12

(2):

12 + 4 = 16

(3):

12+13= 25

.

:

=

+


4466618

()

+

=

()

()

. :

(8)


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()

()

()

.

.

  • :

:

( 9)


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12

4 +

8 +

4 +

16

4 +

12 +

8 +

25

12 +

13 +

1 +

13

12

8

4

4

12

. .

(1-3) :


4466618

:

1- ( ) .

.

2 - .

: :

. :

(1):

8 3 = 5

(2):

16 14 = 2

25 13 = 12

(3):


4466618

()

-

()

=

.

:

.

:


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()

()

()

()

()

()

-

=

()

()

()

()

  • :

(10)

..

  • ::

(11)


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5

3 -

2 -

5 -

2

12 -

14 -

2 -

12

1 -

13 -

12 -

13

3

14

16

25

8

( 1-3) :


4466618

3

6 -

3 +

6 +

3 -

3 +

3 -

9

6

:

1- ( ) .

2- .

:

: (3 6 9) ().


4466618

3 + 3 = 66 - 3 = 3

6 + 3 = 99 - 3 = 6

3 + 6 = 99 - 6 = 3

: (1) ( 4).

q: :

. . .

.


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.

.

.

. .

.

.

.


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  • :

  • .

    • (1): 2 2 = 4

  • (2): 2 4 = 8

  • (3): 2 8 = 16

.

.


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(2+)

(2+)

2

4

(+2)

6

(1)

(2)

((

(*)

(2+)

(3)

(-24)

8

24

(12 )

(4)

(2+)

(2+)

(11)

2

10

22

( 5)

(2+)

(10)

(2+)

(6 )

12

20

( 9)

(7)

(2+)

(8)

(2+)

14

18

16

(2+)

(2+)

(2)

(12)


4466618

2

(4)

(2)

(2)

8

4

(2 4 8):

:

:

(2 4) 2 2 = 4

(4 8) 4 2 = 8 (2 8) 2 4 = 8


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2

4

2

2 +

4

6

2 +

3

2

8

4

2 +

5

2

10

: (2 4 8) .

(=).

(2) .

  • (1): (2 4 6 8 10):

  • :


4466618

2 +

14

16

2 +

2 +

8

12

7

18

9

2 +

6

10

2

20

  • (2): (2 12 14 16 18 20):

  • :


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2

2

6 -

4

2 -

2

4 -

8

4

  • (2) (3) :

  • : ( 2)


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2

6 +

2

4

2 +

2

8

4

4 +

: (2 4 8) .

2 2 = 44 - 2 = 2

2 4 = 88 - 4 = 4

4 2 =88 - 6 = 2

  • : ( 3)

  • :

(2 4 8) .


4466618

2

2 +

6 +

6 -

4

2

2 -

2

8

4

4 -

4 +

  • : ( 23) :

  • :

: (2 4 8) .


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=

q: :

.

  • :

  • (1):

  • 6 3 = 2

  • (2):

  • 16 8 = 2

. :


4466618

()

=

()

()

:

- .

:

(13)

: . .


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(2)

(2)

2

8

=

4

(4)

()

()

()

:

( 14)

(8 4) (2).

  • :

  • 1- (8) : (4) (2).

  • (4): (2) (2).

2- : :

(8 2 = 4) (4 2 = 2) (8 4 = 2)


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18 6= 3

50 10 = 5

(2):

(2)

2

3

6

(3)

3

5

2

2

10

6

6

10

50

18

3

5

(14):

:

(6) (3) (2) (3) (2) .

  • :


4466618

2

(+6)

( 2)

(-6)

(2-)

( 4)

(2+)

(4)

(2)

(2)

(2)

(4-)

(4+)

4

8

  • :

:

- ( 4)

- ( 5)

- ( 6)

:


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(2 4 8) ( ) .

  • :

.

.

.


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.

.

..

- : .

- : .

- : .

.


4466618

.

. .

( 15).

:

- .

- ( 1-3).

(1)

(2)

(3)

- .


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(1)

(3(

(2)

(15)


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:

:

1- :

. .

2- :

.

3- :

.

4- : .


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5- : .

6- : .

7- : .

8- : .


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1- - (2000):

.

- .

2- (2001):

" " - ( 2001).

3- - (2001):

.

- (2001).

4- (2002):

.

( 2002).


4466618

5- (2002):

( 2002).

6- (2002):

" "

- ( 2002).

7- (2002):

" "

(2002).

8- - - (2002):

" "

.


4466618

9- - (2003):

" "

_ _

10- (1995):

(1) .

11)Fahmy, A.F.M., Lagowski, J.J; Pure Appl. Chem., 1999, 71(5) 859 863.

[15th ICCE, Cairo, Egypt, August, 1998].

12)Fahmy, A.F.M., Lagowski, J.J. Arief, M.H.

[16th (ICCE) Budapest, Hungary August, (2000)].

13)Fahmy, A.F.M., Workshop: on New Trends in Chemistry Teaching (NTCT)

Organized by IUPAC, UNESCO, Budapest, Hungary August, (2000).


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14)Fahmy, A. F. M.; Hamza M. S. A; Medien, H. A. A.; Hanna, W.

G.; and Lagowski; J. J.; Satellite conference of the WCC 2001;

Brisbane, Australia 1st July (2001).

http.//www. salty2k.com/satlc

15)Fahmy, A. F. M.; Lagowski; J. J.; Chemical Education

International Vol 3; (2002)

http.//www.iupac.org/publications/Cei

16)Fahmy, A. F. M.; Hamza M. S. A; Medien, H. A. A.; Hanna, W. G.; Mona

A. S.; and Lagowski; J. J.; Chinees J.C.E., 23 - 26 (2002).


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