uwf writing lab rules of thumb for dangling and misplaced modifiers
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UWF WRITING LAB RULES OF THUMB FOR DANGLING AND MISPLACED MODIFIERS

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UWF WRITING LAB RULES OF THUMB FOR DANGLING AND MISPLACED MODIFIERS. From Real Good Grammar, Too by Mamie Webb Hixon. Dangling Modifiers. are words or phrases which “dangle” because they have no word in the sentence to describe: While taking a shower , the doorbell rang.

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uwf writing lab rules of thumb for dangling and misplaced modifiers

UWF WRITING LABRULES OF THUMB FOR DANGLING AND MISPLACED MODIFIERS

From Real Good Grammar, Too

by Mamie Webb Hixon

Created by April Turner

dangling modifiers
Dangling Modifiers
  • are words or phrases which “dangle” because they have no word in the sentence to describe:
  • While taking a shower, the doorbell rang.
  • The doorbell was taking a shower?
revise dangling modifiers
Revise dangling modifiers
  • by adding a headword—a noun or pronoun that is described:
  • While Iwas taking a shower, the doorbell rang.
  • OR
  • While taking a shower, I heard the doorbell ring.
a misplaced modifier
A Misplaced Modifier
  • is placed too close to some other word that it does not intend to modify:
  • I only speak one language.
  • All you ever do is speak one language?
revise misplaced modifiers
Revise misplaced modifiers
  • by placing the modifier next to its headword:
  • I speak only one language.
split infinitives
Split Infinitives
  • are misplaced modifiers which are placed between the preposition to and the verb in an infinitive--a grammatical unit consisting of the word to plus a verb (to eat, to sleep, etc.):
  • Dentists encourage children to regularly brush their teeth.
  • The modifier regularly is splitting the infinitive to brush.
revise split infinitives
Revise split infinitives
  • by moving the modifier to another part of the sentence:
  • Dentists encourage children to brush their teeth regularly.
squinting modifiers
Squinting Modifiers
  • are misplaced modifiers which seem to modify two words:
  • Patty who was walking quickly reached the club.
  • Is Patty walking quickly, or is she quickly reaching the club?
revise squinting modifiers
Revise squinting modifiers
  • by changing the word order so there is no ambiguity:
  • Patty, who was quickly walking, reached the club.
  • OR
  • Patty who was walking reached the club quickly.
let s practice
LET’S PRACTICE!!!
  • Having encountered this problem many times before, the flat tire was easy for me to fix.
  • Having encountered this problem many times before, I could fix the flat tire easily.
  • I only have classes on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
  • I have classes on Tuesdays and Thursdays only.
let s practice a little more
LET’S PRACTICE A LITTLE MORE!!!
  • In group situations, the people who participate sometimes can be annoying when they don’t know what they are doing.
  • …who participate can sometimes be annoying…
  • It is the citizens’ right to openly criticize the government without fear of being harassed.
  • …right to criticize the government openly without fear of being harassed.
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