Practical experience in elvs management in spain
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PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE IN ELVS MANAGEMENT IN SPAIN. 1. BEST PRACTICES ON ELVs MANAGEMENTValencia 12-13 June. Legal framework. ON OCTOBER 2000 DIRECTIVE 2000/53/CE IS PUBLISHED ON THE OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EU (SEVERAL DECISSIONS MODIFIED ANNEX II AFTERWARDS)

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PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE IN ELVS MANAGEMENT IN SPAIN

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Practical experience in elvs management in spain

PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE IN ELVS MANAGEMENT IN SPAIN

1

BEST PRACTICES ON ELVs MANAGEMENTValencia 12-13 June


Legal framework

Legal framework

  • ON OCTOBER 2000 DIRECTIVE 2000/53/CE IS PUBLISHED ON THE OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EU (SEVERAL DECISSIONS MODIFIED ANNEX II AFTERWARDS)

  • ON JANUARY 3rd 2003 ROYAL DECREE 1383/2002 TRANSPOSING THE DIRECTIVE IN SPAIN IS PUBLISHED

  • ON FEBRUARY 2004 THE ORDER 249/2004 REGULATING THE DEREGERISTRATION SYSTEM OF DEPOLLUTED VEHICLES WAS PUBLISHED

  • ON JULY 13th 2005 THE DECISION 2005/293/CE LAYING DOWN THE RULES ON MONITORING

  • ON NOVEMBER 2005 DIRECTIVE RRR (2005/64/CE) WAS PUBLISHED ON THE OFFICILA JOURNAL OF THE EU


The solution adopted for elvs

The solution adopted for ELVs

  • Continue working with the professionals already dealing with ELV treatment in the past (if they adapt to the new regulation).

  • Let market conditions work.

  • Cover the costs of depollution, separation and recovery of materials with the residual vehicle value

  • without any extra cost when acquiring a new vehicle, nor via tax neither via price, until it is not really needed,


The solution adopted for elvs1

The solution adopted for ELVs

  • The Spanish Royal Decree gives to the producer two options, either to assume directly the obligations relative to the reception and the recovery or establish an Integrated System of Management

All brands have chosen to assume directly their responsibility with a sufficient ATFs network, offering to sign the same contract to all ATFs authorized by the autonomous regions

The contract was negotiated in SIGRAUTO and once decided the model, the marks empowered SIGRAUTO for signing it in his name with any interested ATF


The role of sigrauto

The role of SIGRAUTO

SIGRAUTO helps its members to comply with their responsibilities on the ELV management in the most efficient way possible. With that aim SIGRAUTO has achieved the following objectives:

  • Establish a well distributed contracted network of ATFs with capacity to treat the total amount of ELVs in Spain.

  • A constant provision of information both to the general public and to the professionals.

  • Comply the recovery targets set for 2006.


Situation of the contracted network

Situation of the contracted network


Situation of the contracted network1

Situation of the contracted network

425 CONTRACTED ATFs

17 CONTRACTED SHREDDERS

>85% OF TOTAL ELVs TREATED

The contracted network has enough capacity for treating all ELVs has complete coverage all over the country and we can affirm that the network is at first technical level in a worldwide basis.


Brands contracting the network

Brands contracting the network


Achievements

Achievements

  • All vehicles are delivered to an ATF

  • ATFs are controlled by the Regional Governments

  • All ELVs are depolluted and the wastes delivered to authorized companies for its management

  • SIGRAUTO organizes training courses and promotes the use of computer management.

  • SIGRAUTO also carries out and promotes R&D activities

  • Recovery targets for 2006 have been reached


Recovery targets

Recovery targets

Prevention

Reuse

Recycling

Energy

Recovery

Ellimination

Landfill


Monitoring

Monitoring

A Regional Government’s responsibility

  • The way recovery targets shall be measured is set in the recently published Decision 293/2005.

  • The responsibility of measuring and reporting is clearly of the Administration (in Spain is a two step process: first Regional Governments and then the Spanish Government).

  • The first mandatory report is the one corresponding to 2006 levels and the deadline is on July 1st 2008.


Actual recovery levels

Actual recovery levels

1,6%

NON METALLIC CONTENT IN REUSE

100% REUSE

1,5%

FLUIDS

100% REUSE-RECYCLING-RECOVERY

68%

FERROUS METALS

100%REUSE-RECYCLING

3%

GLASS

100% REUSE-RECYCLING

7%

NON FERROUS METALS

100% REUSE-RECYCLING

4%

TYRES

100% REUSE-RECYCL-RECOVERY


Actual recovery levels1

Actual recovery levels

THE ACTUAL LEVELS ARE

APROXIMATLEY 86,5%

WITH MORE THAN THE 80% FOR REUSE AND RECYCLING


Only existing value valencia

Only existing value: Valencia


Verified data monitoring trial

Verified data: monitoring trial

  • SIGRAUTO has carried out a detailed analysis of the recovery levels achieved in Spain. The trial has been suggested from ACEA to compare the results with similar trials made in Germany, United Kingdom and Belgium

  • The analysis of the information is showing levels a little higher than 85%:


Future targets

Future targets

THE TARGETS FOR 2015 ARE TOO AMBITIOUS

RECOVER = 95%

LANDFILL LIMIT = 5%

WITH A MINIMUM 85%

FOR REUSE AND RECYCLING


The challenges to increase the levels

The challenges to increase the levels

  • The Commissions in its report makes clear that the challenges to increase the recovery levels and being able to reach 95% on 2015 can be only achieved through the so called “post-shredding technologies”instead of separation of the different elements at ATFs.

  • The aim of these technologies must be mainly to separate the different plastics and rubberfor its recovery, together with the separation of the “organic fraction” (which can be used in energy recovery options) from the “inert fraction”


Problems for post shredding technologies

Problems for Post-shredding technologies

  • Its development has been in some way slowed-down due to the uncertainty existing regarding the revision of the targets recently clarified by the Commission.

  • Heavy investments that need strong guarantee of long term material inputs.

  • The products obtained could have markets but they need to be developed. There are some lack of activities from the plastic manufacturers side in using recycled plastics.


2015 levels

2015 levels

ON JANUARY 2007 FER AND SIGRAUTO SIGNED AN AGREEMENT WITH THE SPANISH CEMENT PRODUCERS ASSOCIATION (OFICEMEN) WITH THE SCOPE OF ANALYSING ON AN INDUSTRIAL BASIS THE UTILISATION OF SHREDDER RESIDUES AS ALTERNATIVE FUEL IN CEMENT KILNS


Some additional problems

Some additional problems

  • Some sectors are trying to put restrictions to the reuse of parts.

  • Some vehicles might be going directly from the ATF to the smelting plants

  • There is a need of R&D investments in order to comply with the increasing legislative pressure and landfill costs


Some additional problems1

Some additional problems

  • Integrated Management Systems (SIGs) proliferation in Spain

  • The End of Life Vehicles legislation is specific and should not be interfered by partial legislations (batteries, tires, used oil, etc) which should be limited to the materials produced during the life of the vehicle.


Economical aspects

Economical Aspects

  • All incentives for research and development aiming to make the treatment profitable is lost.

  • All participants know that there is a fund to pay the treatment costs.

  • Integrated Management Systems are non profit organizations in a free market.


Responsibility

Responsibility

  • It is always better that the direct responsible of the management continues to be the manufacturer putting the product in the market.

  • Instead of transferring this responsibility to an Integrated Management System financed with an extra cost charged when selling the products.


Other problem the reuse of parts

Other Problem: The reuse of parts

FIRST TEMPTATION

  • Forbid the reuse of parts

  • Promoting the sales of new original parts

  • CLEPA tried to do so and the only result is that in Directive RRR there is a list of parts not to be reused when MANUFACTURNG NEW VEHICLES


Parts extracted at repairing shops

Parts extracted at repairing shops

ARE THE ANSWERS VALID ALSO FOR THE PARTS GENERATED AT REPAIRING SHOPS AS A CONSEQUENCE OF A REPAIRING OR MAINTAINANCE OPERATION?

NO, these parts must be reprocessed or remanufactured by someone that has responsibility on the reselling of that part.


Sigrauto

SIGRAUTO

IS SIGRAUTO’S SOLUTION VALID?

  • -Yes we are satisfied.

  • -We have achieved good results without increasing vehicle prices.

  • -Even so, we have received critics for not having established an Integrated Management System.


Conclusion

Conclusion

PERSONALLY I AM COMPLETELY SATISFIED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF OUR NETWORK AND CONVINCED THATA OUR SECTOR HAS OPTED FOR THE BEST SOLUTION FOR ALL THE SOCIETY


A problem the measuring methodology

A problem: The measuring methodology

  • The possible methodologies are laid down in the Commission Decision

  • There are difficulties both in liability and availability of data

  • Most member states are still deciding which methodology to use and usually opting for a simple methodology based in statistical data and not in detailed information coming from each facility.

  • There is a general tendency of using the methodology of assuming a certain metal content (around 75%) and adding up the non metallic materials and components recovered.


Commission report on targets

Commission Report on targets

THE CONCLUSION IS THAT

THE TARGETS MUST BE MANTAINED

BECAUSE THEY GENERATE BENEFITS BOTH ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL.

THE COMMISSION WILL PROMOTE ECO-INNOVATION IN THE SECTOR MAINLY IN INNOVATIVE SHREDDINGTECHNOLOGIES AND PLASTIC RECYCLING


Integrated management systems in spain

Integrated Management Systems in Spain

  • Replacement Tyres

    • TNU

    • Signus Ecovalor

  • Used oil

    • Sigaus

    • TPI

  • Batteries and accumulators

  • Electric and electronic devices

  • Packaging


Who pays all this

Who pays all this?


Advantages to contracted atfs

Advantages to contracted ATFs

  • Manufacturers have not opted for a new network based on their dealers or other networks like the Technical Inspection of Vehicles Facilities.

  • Manufacturers defend their ATF’s network from the attempts of interference of other sectors and their interests in banning or limiting their activity


Integrated management systems

Integrated Management systems

ARE THE PANACEA?

  • NO

  • They play an important role.

  • There are better solutions both environmentally and economically.

  • Their excessive proliferation shall be avoided because of the derived costs.

  • They reduce the incentives for R&D investments.

  • Producer’s responsibility is diluted.


2006 levels tyres

2006 levels: tyres

Royal Decree 1481/2001 establishes that from July 16th 2006 used tyres cannot be landfill not even shredded so tyres replaced are repairing shops and the ones coming from ELVs need to be send to recovery processes.

Today this is solved for both streams of tyres but as shown in the pictures SIGRAUTO keeps working in order to find new solutions for the tyres generated by ELVs in order to make more profitable and simple their recovery.


2006 levels glass

2006 levels: glass

ATFs

SHREDDERS

RECYCLERS

GLASS RECOVERY PROJECT

Even if in this moment the Commission is thinking in eliminating the mandatory separation of glass at the depollution step if there are post-shredding separation processes, SIGRAUTO carried out a project analyzing and measuring the real costs of processing a kg of non metallic materials through the whole treatment chain in order to see if it was possible for shredders to promote glass separation at ATF compensating the costs of extracting and storing the glass with part of the benefits they obtain.


Used parts

Used parts

A QUESTION  

  • Has any sense to oblige to use original parts when repairing a used car with 10 or more years of age?

    SOME ANSWERS. 

  • Reused parts shall be authorized to be used as another option.

  • The economic issue is solved.  

  • It avoids that people extend the life of damaged parts (lighting, windshield, suspensions, wheels, etc.)..

  • The ELV treatment chain keeps its profitability avoiding negative market values that would be finally paid by the consumers.


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