Food Insecurity in Asia & the Pacific: Status, Challenges and Key Actions
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Food Insecurity in Asia & the Pacific: Status, Challenges and Key Actions. Hiroyuki Konuma Assistant Director-General & Regional Representative FAO-Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. IFA Crossroads Asia-Pacific Conference 8-10 November 2010, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Content.

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Food Insecurity in Asia & the Pacific: Status, Challenges and Key Actions

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Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Food Insecurity in Asia & the Pacific: Status, Challenges and Key Actions

Hiroyuki Konuma

Assistant Director-General & Regional Representative

FAO-Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

IFA Crossroads Asia-Pacific Conference

8-10 November 2010, Hanoi, Viet Nam


Content

Content

  • Global and the Asia-Pacific regional portrait of food security

  • Soaring food prices and food insecurity

  • Medium or Long-term challenges

  • Conclusions


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Global and the Asia-Pacific

regional portrait of food security


World cereal production by type

World cereal production by type

Source: FAO Crop Prospects and Food Situation, September 2010


Basic facts of world cereal situation million tonnes rice in milled terms

Basic facts of world cereal situation(million tonnes, rice in milled terms)

1 Data refer to calendar year of the first year shown.

2 For wheat and coarse grains, trade refers to exports based on July/June marketing season. For rice, trade refers to exports based on calendar year of the second year shown.

3 Data are based on an aggregate of carryovers level at the end of national crop years and, therefore, do not represent world stock levels at any point in time.

Source: FAO Crop Prospects and Food Situation, September 2010


Far east cereal production million tonnes

Far East cereal production(million tonnes)

Source: FAO Crop Prospects and Food Situation, September 2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Source: FAO SOFI 2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Source: FAO SOFI 2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Source: FAO SOFI 2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Regional trends in the number of undernourished, from 1990-2 to 2010

Source: FAO SOFI 2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Regional trends in the proportion of undernourished, from 1990-2 to 2010

Source: FAO SOFI 2010


Number of undernourished in the asia pacific region

Number of undernourished in the Asia-Pacific region

Source: FAO SOFI 2010


Proportion of undernourished in the asia pacific region

Proportion of undernourished in the Asia-Pacific region

Source: FAO SOFI 2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Soaring food prices and food insecurity


Food price changes 2005 2010

Food price changes - 2005-2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

FAO food price index declined from the peak in mid-2008, but has started to climb again since mid-2010.Food prices index remains higher than the pre-crisis level in many developing countries.

Source: FAO World Food Situation Report, November 2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Source: FAO Global Food Price Monitor, November 2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Source: FAO Global Food Price Monitor, November 2010


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Source: FAO Global Food Price Monitor, November 2010


Recent price changes

Recent price changes

  • In October 2010, world market price rice and wheat were 47 and 42 percent lower than their peaks in 2008.

  • Wheat prices that had been increasing sharply since July fell in October, but they remain 60% higher than the beginning of July 2010 and 40% higher than one year ago.

  • Domestic prices of wheat have increased markedly in some importing countries, such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Mongolia and, in particular, in Afghanistan.


Real commodity prices in 2007 08 relative to 1997 2006 and projection for 2010 2019

Real commodity prices in 2007-08 relative to 1997-2006 and projection for 2010-2019

Source: FAO


Medium and long term challenges

Medium and Long-Term Challenges

  • World population would reach 9.1 billion by 2050

  • 70% increase of world food production demand by 2050 (100% increase for developing countries)


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Conclusions


Changes in factors of production in developing countries of asia resulted from green revolution

Changes in Factors of Production in Developing Countries of Asia Resulted from Green Revolution.

Source: FAOSTAT, July 2002 and Dr. Borlaug’s estimated on modern variety adoption, based on CIMMYT and IRRI data


Priority actions to attain food security

Priority actions to attain food security

  • Mobilizing political will and building up global solidarity

  • Investment in agriculture R & D

  • Empowering small scale farmers

  • Reducing post-harvest losses

  • Adaptation and mitigation to climate change and natural disasters and

  • Harmonization of bio-energy development with food security

  • Responsible investment in agriculture

  • Creating awareness, partnership and solidarity at all levels


Long term challenges of hunger reduction in the region

Long-term challenges of hunger reduction in the region

  • Increasing food production to meet needs of a growing, affluent and ageing population, which will increase from 4.2 billion in 2010 to 5.3 billion in 2050

  • Achieving broadly-based, inclusive economic growth

  • Establishing sustainable targeted safety nets for the poor and vulnerable groups

  • Addressing competition between food and biofuel needs

  • Success in adaptation to and mitigation of climate change in agriculture

  • Coping with water scarcity

  • Dealing with commercialization and globalization of markets

  • Ensuring food safety


Key actions to address persistent growing hunger in the region

Key actions to address persistent & growing hunger in the region

  • Increase investment to sustain productivity growth

  • Empower small producers and women farmers

  • Increase access to food, not just supply by increasing incomes on agriculture and in other sector

  • Strengthen farm & non-farm sector linkages

  • Improve ability to respond to new pressures and uncertainties


Food insecurity in asia the pacific status challenges and key actions

Put pressure on decision makers to end hunger. Sign the petition, and push for action wherever you are. Please sign the petition at address below.

http://www.1billionhungry.org/


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