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Food Insecurity in Asia & the Pacific: Status, Challenges and Key Actions. Hiroyuki Konuma Assistant Director-General & Regional Representative FAO-Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. IFA Crossroads Asia-Pacific Conference 8-10 November 2010, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Content.

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Presentation Transcript
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Food Insecurity in Asia & the Pacific: Status, Challenges and Key Actions

Hiroyuki Konuma

Assistant Director-General & Regional Representative

FAO-Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

IFA Crossroads Asia-Pacific Conference

8-10 November 2010, Hanoi, Viet Nam

content
Content
  • Global and the Asia-Pacific regional portrait of food security
  • Soaring food prices and food insecurity
  • Medium or Long-term challenges
  • Conclusions
slide3
Global and the Asia-Pacific

regional portrait of food security

world cereal production by type
World cereal production by type

Source: FAO Crop Prospects and Food Situation, September 2010

basic facts of world cereal situation million tonnes rice in milled terms
Basic facts of world cereal situation(million tonnes, rice in milled terms)

1 Data refer to calendar year of the first year shown.

2 For wheat and coarse grains, trade refers to exports based on July/June marketing season. For rice, trade refers to exports based on calendar year of the second year shown.

3 Data are based on an aggregate of carryovers level at the end of national crop years and, therefore, do not represent world stock levels at any point in time.

Source: FAO Crop Prospects and Food Situation, September 2010

far east cereal production million tonnes
Far East cereal production(million tonnes)

Source: FAO Crop Prospects and Food Situation, September 2010

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FAO food price index declined from the peak in mid-2008, but has started to climb again since mid-2010.Food prices index remains higher than the pre-crisis level in many developing countries.

Source: FAO World Food Situation Report, November 2010

recent price changes
Recent price changes
  • In October 2010, world market price rice and wheat were 47 and 42 percent lower than their peaks in 2008.
  • Wheat prices that had been increasing sharply since July fell in October, but they remain 60% higher than the beginning of July 2010 and 40% higher than one year ago.
  • Domestic prices of wheat have increased markedly in some importing countries, such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Mongolia and, in particular, in Afghanistan.
medium and long term challenges
Medium and Long-Term Challenges
  • World population would reach 9.1 billion by 2050
  • 70% increase of world food production demand by 2050 (100% increase for developing countries)
changes in factors of production in developing countries of asia resulted from green revolution
Changes in Factors of Production in Developing Countries of Asia Resulted from Green Revolution.

Source: FAOSTAT, July 2002 and Dr. Borlaug’s estimated on modern variety adoption, based on CIMMYT and IRRI data

priority actions to attain food security
Priority actions to attain food security
  • Mobilizing political will and building up global solidarity
  • Investment in agriculture R & D
  • Empowering small scale farmers
  • Reducing post-harvest losses
  • Adaptation and mitigation to climate change and natural disasters and
  • Harmonization of bio-energy development with food security
  • Responsible investment in agriculture
  • Creating awareness, partnership and solidarity at all levels
long term challenges of hunger reduction in the region
Long-term challenges of hunger reduction in the region
  • Increasing food production to meet needs of a growing, affluent and ageing population, which will increase from 4.2 billion in 2010 to 5.3 billion in 2050
  • Achieving broadly-based, inclusive economic growth
  • Establishing sustainable targeted safety nets for the poor and vulnerable groups
  • Addressing competition between food and biofuel needs
  • Success in adaptation to and mitigation of climate change in agriculture
  • Coping with water scarcity
  • Dealing with commercialization and globalization of markets
  • Ensuring food safety
key actions to address persistent growing hunger in the region
Key actions to address persistent & growing hunger in the region
  • Increase investment to sustain productivity growth
  • Empower small producers and women farmers
  • Increase access to food, not just supply by increasing incomes on agriculture and in other sector
  • Strengthen farm & non-farm sector linkages
  • Improve ability to respond to new pressures and uncertainties
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Put pressure on decision makers to end hunger. Sign the petition, and push for action wherever you are. Please sign the petition at address below.

http://www.1billionhungry.org/

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