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Criteria’s To evaluate Governmental Systems. Three Governmental Systems:. Directorial System. Westminter Type System. Presidential System. In Parliament Centralized Sovereignty. Head of State. Cabinet. Parliament. In Parliament centralized Sovereignty. Head of State. Cabinet.

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Presentation Transcript

Criteria’s

To evaluate

Governmental Systems


Three Governmental

Systems:

Directorial

System

Westminter Type

System

Presidential System


In Parliament Centralized Sovereignty

Head of State

Cabinet

Parliament


In Parliament centralized Sovereignty

Head of State

Cabinet

Parliament


In Parliament centralized Sovereignty

Head of State

Cabinet

Parliament


Transparency

Minimalise Human

Failures

Minorities

Input - output

Criteria’s

Capacty to Learn

Participation

Participation

Efficiency

Legitimacy

Accounta-

bility


Democracy

Of the people – with the people – for the people


Liberty- Self-Determination

Finding the Truth

Rational Conflict Management

Why Democracy?

Efficiency Majority

Participation - Legitimacy

Accountability


Democracy

and: …...

Efficiency

Equality

Liberty

Fragmented

Nations

Rule of Law

Transition

Tyranny of the

Majority

Globalization

Transparency


Procedural

Substancial

Represen-

tative

Semi-direct

Direct

Types of Democracy

Winner

takes all

Consociacional Democracy


Problems of

Democracy

Principle

Of Oligarchie

Lobbies

Volonté Générale v.

Volonté de Tous

Media

Public Interest

Economy

Corruption

Exclusion

Foreigners Minorities


Representative

Democracy

Representation

Constituency

Volonté de Tous

Interests

Electoral System

Volonté Générale

Higher being

The whole people

Pluralism of Parties


Parties in

Government

Parliament

Executive

45%

55%

Wahlen

People


Semi-direct

Democracy

Parties

People:

Elects and

decides

Executive

Parliament

Admini-

stration

Economy

Volonté

Générale?


Semi-direct Democracy

People

Elections

Referendum

Parties

Parliament

Parliament

Finan-

ces

Legisla-

tion

Executive


Separation of Powers

Division of Labour

Separation of Powers

Checks and Balances

New Challenges

Media

Terrorism

Globalization

Migration


Legislation

Notion of Legislation

Up to Montesquieu

Natural law- Positivism

Notion of Law and separation

of powers


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