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Criteria’s To evaluate Governmental Systems. Three Governmental Systems:. Directorial System. Westminter Type System. Presidential System. In Parliament Centralized Sovereignty. Head of State. Cabinet. Parliament. In Parliament centralized Sovereignty. Head of State. Cabinet.

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Criteria’s To evaluate Governmental Systems

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Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Criteria’s

To evaluate

Governmental Systems


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Three Governmental

Systems:

Directorial

System

Westminter Type

System

Presidential System


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

In Parliament Centralized Sovereignty

Head of State

Cabinet

Parliament


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

In Parliament centralized Sovereignty

Head of State

Cabinet

Parliament


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

In Parliament centralized Sovereignty

Head of State

Cabinet

Parliament


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Transparency

Minimalise Human

Failures

Minorities

Input - output

Criteria’s

Capacty to Learn

Participation

Participation

Efficiency

Legitimacy

Accounta-

bility


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Democracy

Of the people – with the people – for the people


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Liberty- Self-Determination

Finding the Truth

Rational Conflict Management

Why Democracy?

Efficiency Majority

Participation - Legitimacy

Accountability


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Democracy

and: …...

Efficiency

Equality

Liberty

Fragmented

Nations

Rule of Law

Transition

Tyranny of the

Majority

Globalization

Transparency


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Procedural

Substancial

Represen-

tative

Semi-direct

Direct

Types of Democracy

Winner

takes all

Consociacional Democracy


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Problems of

Democracy

Principle

Of Oligarchie

Lobbies

Volonté Générale v.

Volonté de Tous

Media

Public Interest

Economy

Corruption

Exclusion

Foreigners Minorities


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Representative

Democracy

Representation

Constituency

Volonté de Tous

Interests

Electoral System

Volonté Générale

Higher being

The whole people

Pluralism of Parties


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Parties in

Government

Parliament

Executive

45%

55%

Wahlen

People


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Semi-direct

Democracy

Parties

People:

Elects and

decides

Executive

Parliament

Admini-

stration

Economy

Volonté

Générale?


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Semi-direct Democracy

People

Elections

Referendum

Parties

Parliament

Parliament

Finan-

ces

Legisla-

tion

Executive


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Separation of Powers

Division of Labour

Separation of Powers

Checks and Balances

New Challenges

Media

Terrorism

Globalization

Migration


Criteria s to evaluate governmental systems

Legislation

Notion of Legislation

Up to Montesquieu

Natural law- Positivism

Notion of Law and separation

of powers


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