Food Security Analysis Unit
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Food Security Analysis Unit. The Integrated Food Security and Humanitarian Phase Classification (IPC) ALNAP Nairobi June 2006. Outline. Need for a common classification system Existing systems and global initiatives Overview of IPC and Situation Analysis Components of the IPC

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Food security analysis unit

Food Security Analysis Unit

The Integrated Food Security and Humanitarian Phase Classification

(IPC)

ALNAP

Nairobi

June 2006


Outline

Outline

  • Need for a common classification system

  • Existing systems and global initiatives

  • Overview of IPC and Situation Analysis

  • Components of the IPC

    • Reference Table

    • Analysis Templates

    • Cartographic Protocols

    • Standardized Population Tables

  • Potential for replication and expansion


A common classification system would lead to

A Common Classification System would lead to…..

  • …food security and humanitarian interventions being more:

    • Needs based

    • Strategic

    • Timely

Because a Classification System can enable ….

  • Technical consensus

  • Comparability over space

  • Comparability over time

  • Transparency through evidence-based analysis

  • Accountability

  • Clear early warning

  • More strategic response


We need a

We need a….

…. ‘common currency’ for describing nature and severity of crises.


Existing classification systems

Existing Classification Systems

  • Oxfam

  • Howe and Devereux

  • MSF

  • FEWSNET

  • WFP

  • ODI

  • Others…

On-going Related Global Initiatives

  • SMART

  • Benchmarking

  • Humanitarian Tracking Service

  • IASC

  • Sphere Guidelines

The IPC draws from aspects of existing systems and

can potentially contribute to these global initiatives.


The ipc is a tool to

The IPC is a tool to ….

  • enable a composite analytical statement on food security and humanitarian situations

  • for current situation analysis and early warning

  • drawing together multiple indicators of human welfare and livelihoods

  • for consistent and meaningful analysis.

The IPC summarizes

Situation Analysis…

…a distinct stage in the ‘analysis-response continuum’.


Situation analysis in the analysis response continuum

Key Aspects of

Situation Analysis

‘Situation Analysis’ in the ‘Analysis-Response Continuum’

  • Severity (phase classification)

  • Geographic coverage

  • Magnitude (# people)

  • Immediate causes

  • Underlying causes

  • Identification of general needs

  • Current responses

  • Criteria for social targeting

  • Transitory vs. chronic

  • Projected trend / scenarios

  • Confidence level of analysis

Situation

Analysis

Response Analysis

Response

Planning

Response

Imple-

mentation

Monitoring/

Evaluation


Components of the ipc include

Components of the IPC include…

  • Reference Table

  • Analysis Templates

  • Cartographic Protocols

  • Standardized Population Tables


Food security analysis unit

IPC Reference Table

  • Phases include full spectrum

  • Broad categories, yet essential differences in implications for action

  • Explicit inclusion of ‘livelihood crisis’

  • Strategic Response Framework has three broad objectives

    • mitigate immediate outcomes

    • support livelihoods

    • address underlying causes

  • Holistic but not prescriptive

  • Early Warning Levels include: alert, moderate risk, and high risk.

  • Linked to probability, severity, substantiation, appropriate action, and timeframe

  • Based on analysis of process indicators

  • Operationalizes concepts of risk, hazard, and vulnerability

  • Reference outcomes, not process indicators

  • Breadth of humanitarian outcomes

  • Current or imminent outcomes on lives and livelihoods

  • Fewest possible

  • Measurable / practical

  • Support phase classification through convergence of evidence


Analysis templates have 3 parts

Analysis Templates have 3 parts

  • Support of Phase Classification statement

    • Direct and indirect evidence

    • Evaluation of data reliability

  • Key information for mitigating immediate outcomes

    • Hazards, effects on access/availability, opportunities for response, etc.

  • Key information for supporting livelihoods and addressing underlying causes

    • Underlying causes, effects on livelihood assets, opportunities for addressing underlying causes


Standarized population tables

Standarized Population Tables

  • List magnitude of problem by administrative boundary, livelihood zone, and livelihood system

  • Can include layers of crisis levels

  • Identify number of people in Phase 3, 4, or 5

    • Do not list ‘number of people in need’


In summary what the ipc is

In Summary, what the IPC is…

  • A tool for summarizing and communicating Situation Analysis, based on common standards, that links complex information to action

  • A technical ‘forum’ for enabling technical consensus


And what the ipc is not

And what the IPC is not…

  • A method—it draws from multiple methods

  • An information system—it is a complimentary ‘add-on’

  • Response analysis—this is the next step, which is based on sound situation analysis


Potential for replication and expansion

Potential for Replication and Expansion

  • Consistent and positive feedback from analysts, governments, implementing agencies, donors, media.

  • While developed in Somalia context, based on international standards

  • Endorsement by GHA Regional Food Security and Nutrition Working Group

  • Being discussed in numerous forums


Food security analysis unit

SOURCE:

GHA

Government Ministries

GHA FOOD SECURITY OUTLOOK (Jun.-Dec., 2006)

Draft Preliminary Analysis, March 6 2006

For category explanations see

http://www.fsausomali.org


For more information

For more information…

  • Web

    www.fsausomali.org

  • email [email protected]


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