Passive voice
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Passive Voice. Teacher Silvino Sieben 2ª Série - EM. You are being replaced by a machine. Form. Different tenses of be (is, was, is being, have been, …) + past participle of the main verb.

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Passive Voice

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Passive voice

Passive Voice

Teacher Silvino Sieben

2ª Série - EM


Passive voice

You are being replaced by a machine.

Tuesday, 07 October 2014 Page 2


Passive voice

Form

  • Different tenses of be (is, was, is being, have been, …)

    +

    past participle of the main verb.

    • This article was written by a well-known journalist.

Tuesday, 07 October 2014 Page 3


Passive voice

Form

* PP = Past participle

  • English is spoken here.

  • The house is being painted.

  • I wasn’t invited, but I went.

  • I felt I was being watched.

  • Has Mary been told?

Tuesday, 07 October 2014 Page 4


Passive voice

Form

* PP = Past participle

  • I knew I had been forgotten.

  • You’ll be told soon.

  • Who’s going to be invited?

  • It may be destroyed this week.

Tuesday, 07 October 2014 Page 5


Structure

Structure

Passive: This church was built in 1275.

Active:They built this church in 1275.

Subject

Object

Tuesday, 07 October 2014 Page 6


Structure1

Structure

Passive: German is spoken in Germany.

Active:Germans speak German.

Subject

Object

Tuesday, 07 October 2014 Page 7


Passive voice

Use

  • We use the passive voice:

    • when the agent is unknown;

      • My car was stolen last night. (I don’t know who stole my car)

    • to emphasise the action rather than the agent;

      • The factory was painted during the war. (We are interested in the factory.)

    • when the agent is generally understood;

      • The thief was arrested (by the police).

    • When we don’t want to say who the agent is/was.

      • A mistake was made. (Active voice: I made a mistake.)

Tuesday, 07 October 2014 Page 8


Passive voice

Use

  • The passive voice is usually used in:

    • Newspapers (/ news);

    • Formal notices;

    • Scientific or technical writing.

Tuesday, 07 October 2014 Page 9


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