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Mohandas Gandhi. The theory of Nonviolence. Gandhi found a different way to change the world. “Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this--ever in flesh and blood--walked upon this earth” Albert Einstein.

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Mohandas Gandhi

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Mohandas Gandhi

The theory of Nonviolence

Gandhi found a different way to change the world

“Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this--ever in flesh and blood--walked upon this earth” Albert Einstein

Before Gandhi: India Summary

  • A history of being ruled by “outsiders”

  • Strong religious tension between dominantHindu population and Muslims

  • Did not truly push for independence until after World War I

  • Amritsar Massacre was the turningpoint in independence movement

Amritsar Massacre

Mohandas Gandhi

  • Hindu, Born in India 1869, Died 1948

    • 2nd Highest Caste

  • Earned a law degree in England (1891)

  • Worked in South Africa from 1894-1914

    • Protested racial discrimination using non-violence

  • Returns to India in 1915

    • Called Mahatma meaning “Great Soul”

Gandhi’s vision for change

  • Gandhi spent 2,338 days in jail during his lifetime

  • Argued touse non-violent resistance (civil disobedience)to achieve change

  • Satyagraha: principle which meant “truth-force” was the secret power of non-violence

Primary Source

  • Gandhi on Non-Violent Protest (1919)

“I believe that non-violence is infinitely superior to violence, forgiveness is more manly than punishment”

Gandhi’s Influence

  • 1920 Indian National Congressendorsescivil disobedience (non-violence) as means to achieve independence

  • 1924 Gandhi assume the Presidency of the Indian National Congress

  • Gandhi neverOFFICIALLY held political office!

The British Viceroy’s view

(from a meeting with Gandhi in 1921)

  • “There is no hesitation about him and there is a ring of sincerity in all that he utters…his religious views are…that non-violence and love will give India its independence and enable it to withstand the British Government”

    “I must confess that I found it difficult to understand his practice of them in politics…”

The Indian view

  • “How could we pull India out of this quagmire of poverty and defeatism…and then Gandhi came. He was like a powerful current of fresh air…He did not descend from the top; he seemed to emerge from the millions of India”

  • Gandhi was a common man with an uncommon message: “be not afraid”

Primary Source

  • Gandhi: Indian Home Rule

    • Written in 1938

What do these events have in common?

How can you affect change in the world?

French Revolution Russian RevolutionWorld War IWorld War II

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