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Fundamentals of Design. Placement or arrangement of visual elements in a work of art or a photograph. Composition. Placement or arrangement of visual elements in a work of art or a photograph. Organization of the elements of art according to the principles of art. Composition.

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Fundamentals of design

Fundamentalsof Design


Composition

  • Placement or arrangement of visual elements in a work of art or a photograph.

Composition


Composition1

  • Placement or arrangement of visual elements in a work of art or a photograph.

  • Organization of the elements of art according to the principles of art.

Composition


Composition2

  • Placement or arrangement of visual elements in a work of art or a photograph.

  • Organization of the elements of art according to the principles of art.

  • The term composition means 'putting together,' and can apply to any work of art, from music to writing to photography, that is arranged or put together using conscious thought.

Composition


Principles

  • Emphasis - (Center of Interest or focal point) It is about dominance and influence. Most artists put it a bit off center and balance it with some minor themes to maintain our interest. Some artists avoid emphasis on purpose. They want all parts of the work to be equally interesting. 

  • (The viewer's eye ultimately wants to rest of the "most important" thing or focal point in the painting, otherwise the eye feels lost, wandering around in space.)


Composition3

Composition



Harmony

  • Even when composition is eye across the wholecomplex, everything appears to fit with everything else.

  • All elements in the composition have a purpose in terms of content and aesthetics.

Harmony


Symmetry

  • Symmetrical arrangement eye across the wholeadds a sense of calm (static).

  • Asymmetrical arrangement creates a sense of unease, imbalance (dynamic).

Symmetry


Unity

  • When eye across the wholenothing distracts from the whole, you have unity.

  • Can be calming and evocative (or boring).

Unity


Oppostition

Oppostition


Rule of thirds

  • Picture eye across the wholeframe is divided in to three parts horizontally and vertically.

  • The main subject is placed in one of the four locations where the lines intersect:

Rule of Thirds


Point eye across the wholeof interest is placed on horizontal “thirds” (dynamic)

Point of interest is centered in the composition (static)


Golden ratio

  • Mathematic ratio widely eye across the wholeregarded to give balance and harmonious proportions.

  • Size of elements reduces by half each time:

Golden Ratio


Color

Color


Negative and positive space

Negative and positive space


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