Peru
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Peru. By: Lindsey Provencher. General Information. Name of country- Peru Capital city- Lima Major languages spoken in Peru- Spanish, Quechua, Aymara , and some minor Amazonian languages

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Peru

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Peru

Peru

By: Lindsey Provencher


General information

General Information

  • Name of country- Peru

  • Capital city- Lima

  • Major languages spoken in Peru- Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, and some minor Amazonian languages

  • Peru is in Western South America, South of Colombia and Ecuador, West of Brazil and Bolivia, and North of Chile


Peru

Lima

  • Capital and largest city in Peru

  • Peru’s economic center

  • Has oil refining and diversified manufacturing industries

  • Second oldest capital city in South America

  • Founded by Francisco Pizarro


History of peru

History of Peru

  • Discovered July 28, 1821

  • Famous people- President Jose Luis Bustamente y Rivero (1945), General Manuel A. Odria took over (1948), General Francisco Morales Bermudez took over and promised to restore civilian government(1975), Belaunde Terry (May 18, 1980), President OllantaHumala (2011), and Prime Minister Oscar Valdez (2011)


Some major events in peru s history

Some Major Events in Peru’s History

  • 1980-2000, wars between rebel groups and the government 69,000 people were killed

  • 1993, a new constitution was approved

  • August 2007, and 8.0 magnitude earthquake hit 95 miles southeast of Lima

  • April 9, 2012 the Shining Path rebels kidnapped 42 Peruvian workers


Independence

Independence

  • Peru was conquered then proclaimed independence and fought revolutions

  • Peru lost The War of the Pacific to Chile, but still proclaimed its independence


Peru s geography

Peru’s Geography

  • Major land forms- Peru is divided by the Andes Mountains

  • To the west is the coastline which is mostly arid

  • The mountain area has plateaus and deep valleys in the middle

  • Past the mountains in the east is the heavily forested slope leading to the Amazonian Plains


Peru s geography1

Peru’s Geography

  • Major landmarks are the Andes Mountains, the coastline, and the Amazonian Plains

  • Major bodies of water are Lake Titicaca and the pacific ocean (the west coast)


Peru s geography2

Peru’s Geography

  • Major cities-

  • Lima (capital) has 7,870,000 people

  • Arequipa has 904,000 people

  • Trujillo has 820,000 people

  • Chiclayo has 634,000 people


Culture

Culture

  • Clothing-

  • Traditional dresses, skirts, tunics, blankets, and Ponchos with geometrical patterns and vibrant colors are worn by Peruvian people

  • Alpacas are native to Peru, and some Peruvian clothes are made from Alpaca wool


Culture1

Culture

  • Holidays-

  • Peru has hundreds of festivals and holidays each year

  • Major holidays celebrated specifically in Peru


Epiphany

Epiphany

  • Celebrated on the last day of Christmas

  • There are processions, dancing, and feasting


Fiestas patrias

Fiestas Patrias

  • Celebrated on July 28th

  • A celebration of Peru’s independence from the Spanish Empire


Culture2

Culture

  • Music-

  • Peruvian music included wind instruments made from cane, mud, bone, horns, and metals

  • Also included percussion instruments for rhythm and tone

  • Major musical genres- huayno and marinera

  • Native folk music was also included in Peruvian music


Culture3

Culture

  • Religion as of 2007:

  • Roman Catholic. . . 81.3%

  • Evangelical. . . 12.5%

  • Unspecified or none. . . 2.5%


Culture4

Culture

  • Government-

  • Peru’s government is a Constitutional Republic

  • Includes Chiefs of State and cabinet members

  • Main person in charge is the President


Culture5

Culture

  • Food-

  • Top 5 Peruvian foods:

  • Ceviche- raw fish marinated in citrus juice

  • Cuy- guinea pig meat

  • Causa- a casserole layered with avocados and potatoes

  • LomoSaltado- beef and vegetable stir fry

  • Aji de Gallina- a stew made with chicken and peppers


Economy

Economy

  • Exports-

  • Peruvians export 35.56 billion dollars each year

  • Copper, gold, zinc, tin, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, coffee, potatoes, vegetables, fruit, clothes, and fish


Economy1

Economy

  • Manufacturing-

  • Most of Peru’s manufacturing is done in textiles

  • Mining, fishing, and agriculture also contribute to Peru’s manufacturing


Economy2

Economy

  • Land use (farming and agriculture)-

  • Most of the land in Peru is used for growing vegetables, coffee, cocoa, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, fruits, and grains


Economy3

Economy

  • Peruvian occupations-

  • The majority of Peruvian people are farmers for a living

  • If not farmers, shop owners or gold miners


Economy4

Economy

  • Peruvian money compared to U.S. dollars

  • Nuevo Sol is Peruvian money

  • A United States dollar has 100 cents and a Nuevo Sol has 100 centimos

  • One U.S. dollar equals two Nuevo Sol and 68 centimos


Climate

Climate

  • Weather in Peru is unpredictable

  • There are two seasons- wet and dry

  • Weather patterns change often because Peru is so geographically diverse


Climate1

Climate

  • Rainfall in Peru-

  • Average rainfall in one year is 53 cm


Climate2

Climate

  • Temperatures-

  • Average daytime temperature in Peru is 85-90 degrees Fahrenheit

  • Nights cool down to 68 degrees Fahrenheit

  • January-March clear skies with humid air

  • June-October is the dry season


Climate3

Climate

  • Problems or natural disasters-

  • Only threat is strong earthquakes in Southern Peru


Interesting facts about peru

Interesting facts about Peru

  • Population of Peru is 29,248,943 people

  • Life expectancy of Peruvians is 72.47 years old


More interesting facts

More Interesting Facts

  • The flag of Peru-

  • Became the official flag on February 25, 1825

  • Has 3 equal parts (vertical bands of red, white, and red again)

  • The middle section is designed by Jose Gregorio Paredes , called Coat of Arms

  • The picture is a shield with a llama-like animal, the national tree of Peru, a yellow cornucopia filled with gold coins, and a green wreath with branches that have red berries and ribbons


Interesting facts continued

Interesting Facts (continued)

  • A plane ticket to Peru costs $927

  • A hotel in Peru costs about $100

  • Peru has many different types of transportation including railways, highways, waterways, ports, harbors, and airports

  • Peru is a relatively safe country because it is not poor and it is secure


Works cited

Works Cited

  • http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0107883.html

  • http://www.inside-peru.com/major-cities-in-peru.html

  • http://www.inside-peru.com/traditional-peruvian-clothing.html

  • http://www.answers.yourdictionary.com/answers/history/holidays/holidays-celebrated-peru.html

  • http://www.perutravels.net/peru-travel-guide/art-music.html

  • http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/top-ten/peru/machu-picchu/food-drink

  • http://coinmill.com/pen_usd.html

  • http://www.adventure-life.com/peru/peru_weather.php

  • http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/americas/peru.html

  • http://wiki.answers.com

  • http://enchantedlearning.com/southamerica/peru/flag/

  • http://tripadvisor.com


Thank you for watching peru by lindsey provencher

Thank you for watching Peru by: Lindsey Provencher!: )


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