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Dirk Kutscher Faisal Mir Rolf Winter Suresh Krishnan Ying Zhang Carlos Jesus Bernardos Cano - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mobile CommunicationCongestion Exposure Scenario

Dirk Kutscher

Faisal Mir

Rolf Winter

Suresh Krishnan

Ying Zhang

Carlos Jesus Bernardos Cano

IETF-84, Vancouver


  • Describe benefits and possible deployment scenarios of CONEX in mobile networks

    • Background: LTE is getting deployed now

    • Operators looking into dealing with congestion (and with Over-the-Top traffic now)

  • Objective: encourage experiments with CONEX in well-managed networks

  • NOT: a complete specification

    • Better be done outside of IETF

IETF-84, Vancouver

Congestion management in 3gpp
Congestion Management in 3GPP

  • 3GPP started study item on User Plane Congestion Management (UPCON)

    • To study scenarios and use cases where high usage levels lead to user plane traffic congestion in the RAN, and to propose requirements for handling user plane traffic when RAN congestion occurs

    • To make efficient use of available resources to increase the potential number of active users while maintaining the user experience

[TS 22.805]

IETF-84, Vancouver

Draft ietf conex mobile 00

  • Describing 3GPP‘s Evolved Packet System (EPS)

  • Analyzing CONEX use cases in mobile communication networks

    • Traffic management

    • Incentivize scavenger transport

    • Accounting for congestion volume

    • Differential QoS

    • Partial vs. Full Deployment

  • CONEX in the EPS

    • Across operator domains

    • Within one operator network

    • Implementing ConEx mechanisms and policing functions

IETF-84, Vancouver

Summary of recent changes
Summary of Recent Changes

  • Introduction of a new use case: CONEX triggering traffic offload

  • Some corrections of 3GPP terminology uses, editorial improvements

IETF-84, Vancouver

Cellular offloading use case
Cellular offloading use case

  • Offloading: mechanism to selectively and seamlessly switch over a single IP flow to a different radio access (e.g., WLAN)

  • CONEX can be used to more effectively trigger the offload of selected traffic to a non-3GPP network

    • The decision on when and which IP flows move is typically based on static configured rules

    • CONEX mechanisms could also factor in real-time congestion events in the decision

IETF-84, Vancouver

Characteristics of mobile networks
Characteristics of Mobile Networks

  • Bottle neck normally the wireless link

    • But not necessarily in all cases: LTE capacity, small cells in hotspots can hit backhaul limits

  • Normally very few packets drops due to lossy links

    • Radio interface as a reliable link layer

    • Delay and jitter can be significant

  • CONEX as proposed here would have to rely on ECN (with accurate feedback)

    • ECN in LTE currently used for wireless downlink only (to trigger audio codec adaptation)

    • More experiments with AQM and ECN in base stations needed

IETF-84, Vancouver

Ideas for next steps
Ideas for Next Steps

  • We think document scope is OK now

  • Want to do another revision (shortening, updates)

  • Looking for reviewers – volunteers?

  • Possible way forward: WGLC next revision

    • Aiming at finishing WGLC before IETF-85

IETF-84, Vancouver