The roaring twenties
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THE ROARING TWENTIES. CHAPTER 13.1-13.3 CHAPTER 14.1. Definition of Roaring Twenties:. Time of rapid change in American society Result of the industrialization, immigration and urbanization of the late 1800s and early 1900s

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THE ROARING TWENTIES

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The roaring twenties

THE ROARING TWENTIES

CHAPTER 13.1-13.3

CHAPTER 14.1


Definition of roaring twenties

Definition of Roaring Twenties:

  • Time of rapid change in American society

  • Result of the industrialization, immigration and urbanization of the late 1800s and early 1900s

  • Accelerated by World War One and its effect on the lives of millions


Conflict of the twenties

Conflict of the Twenties:

  • The 1920s brought a clash in values, moral, standards and beliefs between two groups

  • One group wanted to try to maintain TRADITIONAL VALUES

  • The other group wanted to move on with new MODERN VALUES

  • Occurred in all aspects of the nation


Warren g harding 1921 1923

Warren G. Harding (1921-1923)

  • “Return to Normalcy” Campaign Slogan in 1920 election

  • Easily won election by Americans who wanted life to return to pre-war stability in all areas

  • Scandal-ridden administration

Republican

www.historyplace.com


Calvin coolidge 1923 1929

Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)

  • Harding’s VP

  • Nicknamed “Silent Cal”

  • Restore the dignity and respect to the presidency

  • Emphasis on the economic aspects of the 1920s


Political tensions

POLITICAL TENSIONS-

Chapter 14.1


Results of wwi

Results of WWI

  • Rejection of the Versailles Treaty.

  • League of Nations- no involvement.

  • United States turned away from international affairs and focused on issues close to home.

  • No plan to help troops adjust to their return home.

  • Warren G. Harding becomes President


Republican policy

Republican Policy

  • Americans felt that Republicans were more likely to restore stability.

  • Dominated all three branches of government.

  • Favored business

  • Sought social stability


1 return to isolationism

#1 – Return to Isolationism

  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff

  • Washington Naval Conferences (disarmament)

  • Dawes Plan

  • Kellogg-Briand Pact


2 red scare

#2 – Red Scare

  • 2nd Russian Revolution (communism)

  • Return to Nativism

  • National Origins Act (immigration Quotas)

  • Violations of American Freedoms

    1. Schenck v. US

    2. Gitlow v. New York

    3. Palmer Raids

    4. Sacco and Vanzetti

  • Crackdown on Strikes and Unions decline (Coolidge quote)


Social tensions

SOCIAL TENSIONS

Chapter 13.1

Chapter 13.2

Chapter 13.3


3 women

#3 – Women

www.viewimages.com

  • 19th Amendment

  • Continued struggle for better job and educational opportunities

  • New styles

  • New behaviors

  • New attitudes

  • Moral crisis?

www.ilstu.edu


4 demographics

#4 - Demographics

  • 1920 – country more urban than rural

  • Growth of suburbs as transportation improved (who lived there?)

  • Great Migration continues

  • Changes in immigration – Mexican barrios

  • Conflict in values between rural and urban


5 mass media

PRINT MEDIA

Newspapers Chains

Magazines

MOVIES

Talkies in 1927

More attendance

ADVERTISING

Features v. Feelings

RADIO

KDKA in 1920 By 1929, 10 million radios in homes

Radio networks (NBC)

RESULT: development of a national culture

#5 Mass Media


6 national heroes

Fascination with heroes who showed traditional American values like bravery and modesty

Also fascination with heroes who met new challenges with new vitality

EXAMPLES:

Charles Lindbergh

Amelia Earhart

Sports Heroes

- Jack Dempsey

- Jim Thorpe

- Babe Ruth

- Gertrude Ederle

(great increase in participation in sports by all Americans)

#6 – National Heroes


7 the arts jazz age

#7 – The Arts – “Jazz Age”

  • New “American" music

  • Featured new sounds based on:

    1. improvisation

    2. syncopation

  • Born in the Delta region of Mississippi

  • Spread with the Great Migration from New Orleans to Chicago and New York City

www.albany.edu


Other artistic developments

LOST GENERATION

Writers disillusioned by WWI

Reject materialism

Reject pop culture

Examples:

Ernest Hemingway

F. Scott Fitzgerald

HARLEM RENAISSANCE

Major cultural center in 1920s

Not just Jazz but also literature

Examples:

Langston Hughes

Countee Cullen

Other Artistic Developments


Painting

Painting . . .

www.artknowledgenews.com

  • New artists also emerged to reflect the clash in values of the time

  • Edward Hopper

  • Georgia O’Keeffe

www.greenville.k12.sc.us


8 prohibition

#8 - Prohibition

www.legendsofamerica.com

  • 18th Amendment

  • Volstead Act

  • Enforcement differences (rural v. urban)

  • Bootlegging

  • Speakeasies

  • Organized Crime

  • Al Capone in Chicago

www.ausu.auc.ca


9 racial tensions

#9 – Racial Tensions

people.cohums.ohio-state.edu


9 racial tensions1

#9 - Racial Tensions

  • Moved for two reasons

    1. job opportunities

    2. escape southern violence

  • Red Summer – 1919

  • KKK Northern Revival (not just race)

  • NAACP grows

  • Garvey Movement (“Black is Beautiful”)


10 religion

#10 – Religion

Clarence Darrow

  • Fundamentalism

  • Evolution

  • Scopes “Monkey” Trial (1925)

  • Rise of the Radio Preachers

    - Billy Sunday

www.answers.com

William Jennings Bryan


Economic boom

ECONOMIC BOOM


Economic boom1

Economic Boom

  • Average wages rose

  • Increased spending by consumers:

  • Clever advertising, new products, lower costs, availability of credit.


Industrial growth

Industrial Growth

  • Henry Ford- automobiles

    -“What Industries will be directly impacted by the growth of cars?

    -“What industries will be created because of the growth of cars?

  • Airline Industry

  • Electric Companies

  • Advertising


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