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ANTE TODO You have already learned ways of expressing the near future in Spanish. You will now learn how to form and use the future tense. . Compare the different ways of expressing the future in Spanish and English. Present indicative Present subjunctive

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ANTE TODO

  • You have already learned ways of expressing the near future in Spanish.

  • You will now learn how to form and use the future tense.


  • Compare the different ways of expressing the future in Spanish and English.

    Present indicativePresent subjunctive

    Voy al cine mañana.Ojalá vaya al cine mañana.

    I´m going to the movies tomorrow. I hope I will go to the movies tomorrow.

    ir + a + [infinitive]Future

    Voy a ir al cine. Iré al cine.

    I´m going to go to the movies. I will go to the movies.


  • In Spanish, the future is a simple tense that consists of one word, whereas in English it is made up of the auxiliary verb will or shall, and the main verb.

    ¿Cuándo cobrarás el cheque?

    When will you cash the check?

    Mañana abriré una cuenta corriente.

    Tomorrow I will open a checking account.


¡ATENCIÓN! one word, whereas in English it is made up of the auxiliary verb

  • Note that all of the future endings have a written accent except the nosotros/as form.

  • The future endings are the same for regular and irregular verbs. For regular verbs, simply add the endings to the infinitive. For irregular verbs, add the endings to the irregular stem.


INFINITIVE one word, whereas in English it is made up of the auxiliary verb STEMFUTURE FORMS

decir dir- diré

hacer har- haré

poder podr- podré

poner pondr- pondré

querer querr- querré

saber sabr- sabré

salir saldr- saldré

tener tendr- tendré

venir vendr- vendré

Irregular verbs in the future


  • The future of one word, whereas in English it is made up of the auxiliary verb hay (inf. haber) is habrá (there will be).

    La próxima semana habrá un nuevo director.

    Next week there will a new director.

    Habrá más formularios en el correo.

    There will be more forms at the post office.


  • Although the English word one word, whereas in English it is made up of the auxiliary verb will can refer to future time, it also refers to someone’s willingness to do something. In this case, Spanish uses querer + [infinitive], not the future tense.

    ¿Quieres llamarme, por favor?

    Will you please call me?

    ¿Quieren ustedes escucharnos por favor?

    Will you please listen to us?


  • In Spanish, the future tense has an additional use: expressing conjecture or probability. English sentences involving expressions such as I wonder, I bet, must be, may, might, and probably are often translated into Spanish using the future of probability.

    —¿Dónde estarán mis llaves? —¿Qué hora será?

    —I wonder where my keys are. —What time can it be?

    (I wonder what time it is.)

    —Estarán en la cocina. —Serán las once o las doce.

    —They’re probably in the kitchen. —It must be (It’s probably) eleven

    or twelve.

  • Note that although the future tense is used, these verbs express conjecture about present conditions, events, or actions.

COMPARE & CONTRAST


  • The future may also be used in the main clause of sentences in which the present subjunctive follows a conjunction of time such as cuando, después (de) que, en cuanto, hasta que, and tan pronto como.

    Cuando llegues a casa, hablaremos.

    When you get home, we will talk.

    Nos verás en cuanto entres en la cafetería.

    You´ll see us as soon as you enter the cafeteria.


¡INTÉNTALO! in which the present subjunctive follows a conjunction of time such as Conjuga los verbos entre paréntesis en futuro.

1. (dejar, correr, pedir) yo _________________________

2. (cobrar, beber, vivir) tú ________________________

3. (hacer, poner, venir) Lola _______________________

4. (tener, decir, querer) nosotros ___________________

5. (ir, ser, estar) ustedes _________________________

6. (firmar, comer, repetir) usted _____________________

7. (saber, salir, poder) yo _________________________

8. (encontrar, jugar, servir) tú ______________________


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