How Does Knowledge Grow. Relationships – Doing - Thinking. What is a Theory?. The term theory is used with surprising frequency in everyday language. It is often used in to mean a guess or hunch.
How Does Knowledge Grow
Relationships – Doing - Thinking
Note that this is the higher form because, unlike the
respect of others, once you have self-respect,
it’s a lot harder to lose!
had one unique goal:
How does knowledge grow?
Knowledge is built upon.
All things in the air are birds.
Then they learn the difference between bird and plane
Theseare all apples because they are red
The child, through physical interaction with his or her environment, builds a set of concepts about reality and how it works.
This is the stage where a child does not know that objects remain in existence even when out of sight, object permanence.
The child is not yet able to conceptualize abstractly and needs concrete physical situations.
The child is quite egocentric during this stage, that is, he sees things pretty much from one point of view: his own!
His thinking is influenced by fantasy -- the way he'd like things to be -- and he assumes that others see situations from his viewpoint. He takes in information and then changes it in his mind to fit his ideas.
Quantity remains the same despite changes in appearance. If you show a child four marbles in a row, then spread them out, the preoperational child will focus on the spread, and tend to believe that there are now more marbles than before.
During this stage, the child develops an ability to think abstractly and to make rational judgments about concrete or observable phenomena.
In the past, the child needed to manipulate physically to understand. In teaching this child, giving him the opportunity to ask questions and to explain things back to allows him to mentally manipulate information.
This person no longer requires concrete objects to make rational judgments.
At this point, he is capable of hypothetical and deductive reasoning. Teaching for the adolescent may be wide ranging because he'll be able to consider many possibilities from several perspectives.
Formal Operations Stage
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
*What intelligence will you use to analyze, synthesis, and evaluate how knowledge grows?
How did she guide them?
Change, Combine, Compose, Design, Format, Invent