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Latitude and Climate. By Patricia Rodriguez. Reviewing Globes and Map Projections. Remember that a globe is the most accurate way to represent the earth. The Equator, Prime Meridian, Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.

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latitude and climate

Latitude and Climate

By

Patricia Rodriguez

reviewing globes and map projections
Reviewing Globes and Map Projections
  • Remember that a globe is the most accurate way to represent the earth.
the equator prime meridian tropic of cancer and tropic of capricorn
The Equator, Prime Meridian, Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.

Equator: Located at zero degrees latitude, (North or South) divides the Planet Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn: Located at North and/or South of the Equator, this area of Planet Earth between the two lines is known as the "Tropics”.Prime Meridian: Located at zero degrees longitude, (East or West), divides the Planet Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.

latitude and longitude
Parallels

Circle the earth and show latitude, which is distance measured in degrees north (N) or south (S) of Equator at 0° latitude.

Meridians

Run north to south from pole to pole. These lines signify longitude, which is distance measured in degrees east (E) or west (W) of the Prime Meridian at 0° longitude.

Latitude and Longitude
reviewing map skills
Grid System

Lines of latitude and longitude cross each other in the form of a grid system.

Knowing a place’s latitude and longitude allows you to locate it exactly on a map or globe.

Absolute Location

You can name an absolute location by naming the latitude and longitude lines that cross nearest to that location.

Reviewing Map Skills
activity 1 define the following
Activity 1.Define the following:
  • Hemisphere
  • Latitude
  • Longitude
  • Grid System
  • Absolute Location
activity 2
Activity 2.
  • Identify the countries the Equator Passes Through

Go

activity 3
Activity 3.
  • Use the following grid system “addresses” to find the three cities located at these coordinates:
    • 55° N, 35° E
    • 23° S, 43° E
    • 1° N, 103° E
summary
Places to Locate:

Tropic of Cancer

Tropic of Capricorn

Equator

Prime Meridian

Words to Know:

Projection

Hemisphere

Latitude

Longitude

Grid System

Absolute location

Summary.
references
References
  • Armstrong, Boehm and Hunkins. Geography, The world and its People. Glencoe, McGraw Hill (1998).
  • Bower, Bert and Lobdell Jim. History Alive! Teachers’ Curriculum Institute (1999).
  • Websites:
    • http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/Dictionary/DictionaryHome.aspx
    • http://dgl.microsoft.com/
    • http://gallery.yahoo.com
    • http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/imageg.htm
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