Latitude and Climate. By Patricia Rodriguez. Reviewing Globes and Map Projections. Remember that a globe is the most accurate way to represent the earth. The Equator, Prime Meridian, Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.
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Equator: Located at zero degrees latitude, (North or South) divides the Planet Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn: Located at North and/or South of the Equator, this area of Planet Earth between the two lines is known as the "Tropics”.Prime Meridian: Located at zero degrees longitude, (East or West), divides the Planet Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
Circle the earth and show latitude, which is distance measured in degrees north (N) or south (S) of Equator at 0° latitude.
Run north to south from pole to pole. These lines signify longitude, which is distance measured in degrees east (E) or west (W) of the Prime Meridian at 0° longitude.Latitude and Longitude
Lines of latitude and longitude cross each other in the form of a grid system.
Knowing a place’s latitude and longitude allows you to locate it exactly on a map or globe.
You can name an absolute location by naming the latitude and longitude lines that cross nearest to that location.Reviewing Map Skills