Africa and the middle east
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 13

Africa and the Middle East PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Africa and the Middle East. I. African Nationalism grew after WWII. Page 672- Map Pan African Movement- which promoted cultural unity of people of African Heritage Due to their participation in WWII, Africans were no longer satisfied to remain under European control. II. Independence.

Download Presentation

Africa and the Middle East

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Africa and the middle east

Africa and the Middle East

I african nationalism grew after wwii

I. African Nationalism grew after WWII

  • Page 672- Map

  • Pan African Movement- which promoted cultural unity of people of African Heritage

  • Due to their participation in WWII, Africans were no longer satisfied to remain under European control

Ii independence

II. Independence

  • Ghana- civil disobedience led by Nkrumah

  • Kenya- Mau Mau uprising

  • Zimbabwe- Creation of new state, Guerrilla Warfare

  • Guinea- Refuse French Aid, turn to Soviets

  • Belgian Congo (Zaire) Violent protests, Military state under Mobutu

  • South Africa- Apartheid-segregation caused protests at home and abroad

Iii africa since independence

III. Africa Since Independence

  • Economic Problems

    • A single crop or resource leads to economic instability

    • Price drops and your whole economy fails. Ex. Ghana and cocoa

    • Results are debt and rising prices of goods

  • Political Problems

    • New countries lack leadership which often results in military takeoverand dictatorships. Ex. Ghana and Nkrumah

    • Cold War Battleground. Ex. Ethiopia and Somalia

  • Environmental and Social Problems

    • Population Growth

    • Desertification

    • Disease—HIV/AIDS, Ebola Virus

Iv nationalism in the middle east and north africa

IV. Nationalism in the Middle East and North Africa

  • Britain and France controlled much of the Middle East after WWII

  • Britain had troops and control in Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Palestine.

V britain and palestine

V. Britain and Palestine

  • Turn the problem of a Jewish state over to the UN

  • UN agreed to divide Palestine into two states—one Arab and one Jewish

  • In 1948, Israel declared its Independence as a Jewish State

  • As soon as Britain withdrew, Arabs attacked Israel and Israel won.

Israel and the plo

Israel and the PLO

Vi britain and egypt

VI. Britain and Egypt

  • Gamal Nasser took over in Egypt

  • Nasser announces a deal with Czech (Soviet Union)

  • This upsets US and Britain and they agree to help finance the Aswan High Dam

  • Nasser then agrees to the US/British Aid, but it is revoked

  • Nasser then nationalizes the Suez Canal and uses money from that to pay for the Dam Project

  • Britain and France conspire with Israel to overthrow Nasser

  • The attempt is unsuccessful and Nasser becomes extremely popular in the Arab world for his defeat of European Imperialism

Vii britain and iran

VII. Britain and Iran

  • In 1951, Mohammad Mosaddeq became Iran’s Prime Minister.

  • He moved to nationalize the oil industry.

  • Britain was outraged and organized a boycott of Iranian oil.

  • The US was worried that Iran would side with the Soviets

  • In 1953 the CIA organized a coup and overthrew Mosaddeq and placed the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in charge

Viii oil in persian gulf and north africa

VIII. Oil in Persian Gulf and North Africa

  • Oil Producing countries learned through the Iran boycott that individually oil producers had little power

  • As a group, they could control the price of oil—OPEC was formed (organization of petroleum exporting countries)

  • OPEC had power and they used it to cut off shipments to the US as punishment for supporting Israel. Oil prices rose from $3 to $12 per barrel

Ix iran

IX. Iran

  • Due to The Shah’s close ties with the West, many opposed him

  • Many who opposed him were Muslim and Conservative Islamic leaders led by the Ayatollah Khomeini opposed the Shah’s modernization efforts

  • Unable to contain the unrest, the Shah left Iran and the Ayatollah kept power until his death in 1989

X iraq

X. Iraq

  • Saddam Hussein helped the Ba’ath party seize power in Iraq in 1968

  • Saddam removed anyone who threatened him as a leader

  • When the Kurds-a minority group- asked for self government, he attempted genocide using chemical weapons

Xi desert storm

XI. Desert Storm

  • In 1990, Saddam invaded Kuwait claiming they were pumping Iraqi oil

  • Iraq’s army took Kuwait and threatened Saudi Arabia

  • World opinion turned on Saddam and a coalition force called Desert Shield was sent to Saudi Arabia to be ready if Saddam did not withdraw by the set deadline

  • When the deadline passed, Desert Shield turned to Desert Storm and Iraqi forces were forced out of Kuwait

  • Saddam stayed in power but refused UN weapons inspectors

  • As a result, the US invaded Iraq in 2003 and Saddam was caught, tried and hung

  • Login