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11 th Petro India Conference New Delhi, India : December 11, 2012. SAARC Initiative on Regional Cooperation in Energy Sector Hilal A. Raza Director SAARC Energy Centre. Energy Situation of South Asia. 1.6 billion people 500 million live below $1 per day poverty line

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Saarc initiative on regional cooperation in energy sector hilal a raza director

  • 11th Petro India Conference

  • New Delhi, India : December 11, 2012

SAARC Initiative on

Regional Cooperation in

Energy Sector

Hilal A. Raza

Director

SAARC Energy Centre


Saarc initiative on regional cooperation in energy sector hilal a raza director

Energy Situation of South Asia

  • 1.6 billion people

  • 500 million live below $1 per day poverty line

  • All Countries of South Asia

    • Oil importing

    • Energy deficit (except Bhutan)


Saarc initiative on regional cooperation in energy sector hilal a raza director

Energy Use In South Asia

TOTAL ENERGY: 810 MTOE

Coal

48%

Traditional

204 MTOE

(25%)

Commercial

606 MTOE

(75%)

1%

7%

29%

15%

Hydel

Oil

Natural gas

COMMERCIAL ENERGY: 606 MTOE

Nuclear

(MTOE - Million tonnes of oil equivalent)


Energy poverty of saarc region

Energy Poverty of SAARC Region


Saarc institutional mechanism for energy cooperation

  • Ministerial Level Energy Forum

  • Working Group on Energy

  • Expert Groups for different energy commodities

  • SAARC Energy Centre

SAARC Institutional Mechanism For Energy Cooperation


Recommendations of saarc expert group o n oil and gas 1 2

Recommendations of SAARC ExpertGrouponOil and Gas (1/2)

  • Studying opportunities and impact of supply of natural gas from outside of SAARC through development of a Gas Grid connecting the Member States

  • Studying Possibility of laying pipelines as the preferred mode of movement of crude/oil products, especially for the land locked Member States

  • Studying possibility of setting up joint oil refineries

  • Studying prospect of setting up SAARC Regional/Sub-regional LNG terminals

  • Conducting workshops and training programmes on regional experiences in oil and gas sector


  • Saarc initiative on regional cooperation in energy sector hilal a raza director

    Recommendations of SAARC ExpertGrouponOil and Gas (2/2)

    • Studying the possibilities of maintaining Emergency Regional Reserves of petroleum products at one or more places to support Member States for meeting emergency needs

    • Examining the possibility and extent of exchanging geological information for promotion of oil and gas exploration and development

    • Sharing experiences in the areas of pricing mechanism for oil and gas, operational and technical aspects of LNG terminals, and LPG for household and industrial use

    • Establishment of SAARC Data Bank on demand, consumption, supply chain, prices, etc., of oil and gas


    Saarc energy centre

    SAARC Energy Centre

    • Established in 2006 at Islamabad to initiate, promote and facilitate cooperation in energy sector of SAARC Member States for the benefit of all

    • Funded by SAARC Member States and supervised by a Governing Board comprising all Member States

    • Professional staff selected on merit from Member States

    • Expert services obtained through outsourcing

    • International cooperation established with ADB, ASEAN, UN, ESCAP, Japan, US, Germany.


    Current projects of sec 1 5

    CurrentProjects of SEC (1/5)

    • ENERGY EFFICIENCY

      • SAARC Action Plan on Energy Conservation & Efficiency

      • Gender-Energy nexus

      • Improved Cooking Stoves: “SAARC Chullah”

      • Energy efficiency in brick kilns

      • Capacity building of Energy Auditors


    Saarc initiative on regional cooperation in energy sector hilal a raza director

    CurrentProjects of SEC (2/5)

    • ENERGY TRADE

      • Study on energy trade and power exchange

      • Study on harmonization of electricity laws

      • Study on energy pricing mechanism


    Saarc initiative on regional cooperation in energy sector hilal a raza director

    CurrentProjects of SEC (3/5)

    • BEST PRACTICES

      • Lessons learnt in renewable energy technologies

      • International Year for Sustainable Energy for All

      • Experience sharing of construction, operation and maintenance of LNG facilities


    Saarc initiative on regional cooperation in energy sector hilal a raza director

    CurrentProjects of SEC (4/5)

    • POWER

      • Promoting hydropower development

      • Feasibility Study and workshop for regional coal based power plant

      • Study on cogeneration in sugar and paper industries

      • Study on rural electrification policies


    Saarc initiative on regional cooperation in energy sector hilal a raza director

    CurrentProjects of SEC (5/5)

    • ENERGY RESOURCES

      • SAARC Energy Data Bank

      • Geothermal energy potential of South Asia

      • Promoting extraction of non-conventional gas


    Saarc energy ring

    Saarc Energy Ring

    • SAARC ENERGY RING: a Vision given by SAARC Leaders at the 2004 Islamabad Summit

    • Vision translated into reality by SAARC Energy Centre

    • Four Expert Groups preparing way forward in:

      • Oil and Gas

      • Electricity

      • Renewable Energy

      • Technology Transfer (including Coal and Energy Efficiency)


    Saarc energy ring 1 power grid

    SAARC Energy Ring – 1. PowerGrid

    • Nepal-India-Bhutan-Bangladesh

    • Pakistan-India-Nepal

    • Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan

    • Tajikistan-Afghanistan

    • Uzbekistan-Afghanistan

    • Turkmenistan-Afghanistan

    • Iran-Afghanistan

    • Iran-Pakistan

    • India-Sri Lanka

    • India-Bangladesh

    • India-Myanmar

    • India-Nepal


    Saarc energy ring 2 gas grid

    SAARC Energy Ring – 2. Gas Grid

    Qatar

    Arabian Sea

    • Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India

    • Iran-Pakistan-India

    • Qatar-Pakistan-India

    • Myanmar-Bangladesh-India

    Pipelines from the west can further be extended to Nepal and Bangladesh


    Saarc initiative on regional cooperation in energy sector hilal a raza director

    ThankYouForYourAttention


    List of current projects of sec

    List of CurrentProjects of SEC

    • ENERGY EFFICIENCY

      • SAARC Action Plan on Energy Conservation & Efficiency

      • Gender-Energy nexus

      • Improved Cooking Stoves: “SAARC Chullah”

      • Energy efficiency in brick kilns

      • Capacity building of Energy Auditors

    • ENERGY TRADE

      • Study on energy trade and power exchange

      • Study on harmonization of electricity laws

      • Study on energy pricing mechanism

    • BEST PRACTICES

      • Lessons learnt in renewable energy technologies

      • International Year for Sustainable Energy for All

      • Experience sharing of construction, operation and maintenance of LNG facilities

    • POWER

      • Promoting hydropower development

      • Feasibility Study and workshop for regional coal based power plant

      • Study on cogeneration in sugar and paper industries

      • Study on rural electrification policies

    • ENERGY RESOURCES

      • SAARC Energy Data Bank

      • Geothermal energy potential of South Asia

      • Promoting extraction of non-conventional gas


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