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Michael Stanley, Mining Lead World Bank Group Washington, D.C.

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An Enabling Investment Climate: Afghanistan Oil, Gas and Mining. What the Sector Can Provide – inclusive, integrated growth by leveraging large, private-sector anchor investments into mining, oil & gas. Michael Stanley, Mining Lead World Bank Group Washington, D.C. . Challenges Ahead.

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slide1

An Enabling Investment Climate:

Afghanistan Oil, Gas and Mining

What the Sector Can Provide – inclusive, integrated growth by leveraging large, private-sector anchor investments into mining, oil & gas

Michael Stanley, Mining Lead

World Bank Group

Washington, D.C.

slide2

Challenges

Ahead

  • field security
  • long lead times for exploration / development
  • “good fit” policy, legal & regulatory frameworks
  • land acquisition / ROW
  • risk mitigation
  • shared access infrastructure
  • strengthening institutions / building adsorptive capacities
slide3

The Enabling Investment Climate:

Geodata, Institutions & Adsorptive Capacity

  • Modified after (a) Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan: Mining as a Source of Growth, Report No. 28231-AF, The World Bank 2004; and (b) James Otto – A Global Survey of Mineral Investment Preferences, Mineral Investment Conditions in Selected Countries of the Asia Pacific Region (United Nations ESCAP 1992).
slide5

Pre-CompetitiveGeodata

USD/km2

MINE

DEVELOPMENT

Aynak

>10,000,000

1,000,000

DETAILED

EXPLORATION

PUBLIC FUNDING

Hajigak

100,000

Sherbegon

PRIVATE FUNDING

100

REGIONAL

EXPLORATION

MINERAL

RESOURCES

ASSESSMENT

REGIONAL

GEOLOGICAL

MAPPING

10

slide7

The Enabling Investment Climate:

Strengthen Institutions and Build Adsorptive Capacity

  • Effective Sector Policy
  • Transparent, non-discretionary licensing / award of contract procedures (first come and tenders)

“Good fit laws and regulations”

  • Good fit regulations, improved implementation
  • Non-discretionary, transparent contract monitoring and compliance procedures
  • Transparent and efficient implementation of royalty and tax regime
  • Development of a robust inspection regime to check compliance with health, safety and environmental standards
slide9

The Enabling Investment Climate:

Address Gaps and Build Adsorptive Capacity

slide10

The Enabling Investment Climate:

Address Gaps and Build Adsorptive Capacity

slide11

The Enabling Investment Climate:

Address Gaps and Build Adsorptive Capacity

slide12

The Enabling Investment Climate:

Address Gaps and Build Adsorptive Capacity

slide13

View Sector Investments within Integrated Corridors

Amu Darya Basin(2011)

Dushi Gold

(2010)

Hajigak

Iron Ore

(2011)

Aynak Copper (2010)

slide14

Inclusive Growth Corridors

Map Legend

Input: Power or water

Economic diversification, clusters

Mine

Zone of Economic / cultural impact

Year

Output Infrastructure

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

World Bank Group

slide15

Summary

  • collect & dissemination of geodata
  • implement “good fit” laws and regulations
  • Strengthen institutions and adsorptive capacity
  • focus enabling investment drivers:
    • open access, public private infrastructure
    • gaining right-of-way
    • structuring risk mitigation instruments
    • strengthen regional trade and commerce interconnects
    • Public financial management of EI revenues (PFM)
    • Building adsorptive capacity to integrate public and private sector investment / development plans
    • Building enterprise development capacity for (jobs) around competitive industries
    • Strengthening social mobilization for improved service delivery
  • government takes a resource corridor approach
  • inclusive integrated growth
thank you
Thank You

Michael Stanley, Mining Lead

World Bank Group

Washington, D.C.

[email protected]

what can be achieved in the 10 years
What Can Be Achieved In the 10 Years
  • Mines -- Two major industrial mines in operation (Aynak and Hajigak); one or more hydrocarbon blocks producing, 2 - 4 smaller scale industrial mines in gold, lithium, other metallic minerals; 200+ licensed quarry operations, gemstones, and other artisanal production.
  • Infrastructure -- Major transportation (rail), power and water infrastructure investments in “corridors” to support mining investment; “spin-offs” in terms of local economic development.
  • Governance – EITI, transparent non-discretionary sector administration, central government control over “illicit” mining and regularization of artisanal miners;
  • Support – Provision of geodata, sector promotion, and resource corridor support through Government partnerships: ADB, World Bank, USAID, UKDFID, AUS AID and others.
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